Explainer: What Is the Deadly India-China Border Dispute About?

BRICS, 29 Jun 2020

Helen Davidson and Ben Doherty | The Guardian - TRANSCEND Media Service

At least 20 soldiers have died in fighting along the disputed Himalayan border, the first fatal clash between the nations since 1975.

What has happened?

17 Jun 2020 – At least 20 people have died in clashes between Indian and Chinese troops along the disputed Himalayan border running along the Ladakh area of Kashmir. It is the first fatal clash since 1975 and the most serious since 1967.

Fighting broke out on Monday evening when an Indian patrol came across Chinese forces on a narrow ridge. During the confrontation an Indian commanding officer was pushed and fell into the river gorge, sources told the Guardian. Hundreds of troops from both sides were called in and fought with rocks and clubs. Several fell to their deaths.

The Indian Army said there were casualties on both sides, and confirmed three of its soldiers were killed during the clashes, with another 17 later succumbing to injuries.

Beijing has refused to confirm any deaths on its side, but accused India of crossing the border twice and “provoking and attacking Chinese personnel”. The editor in chief of state-run the Global Times, said he understood there had been Chinese casualties, but the People’s Liberation Army wanted to avoid “stoking public mood” by comparing numbers.

Why now?

Tensions have been escalating since late April, when China sent thousands of troops into the disputed territory along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), bringing artillery and vehicles.

Analysts say the Chinese government, which has been more assertive in building infrastructure in the area, is anxious to frustrate any effort by India to upgrade its own military installations.

Their refusal to leave disputed areas, including the Galwan Valley inside Indian territory, has triggered shouting matches, stone-throwing and fistfights in key border areas. Last month, there was a massive brawl between patrols, but no deaths.

Earlier this month senior military leaders from both sides met and made a commitment to disengagement.

What is the history of the dispute?

India and China fought a war in 1962 over their contested border in the Himalayas. The war ended with a truce and the formation of a de facto boundary, known as the Line of Actual Control.

There has been an uneasy and fragile peace since, punctuated by skirmishes on the border, including in 2013 and 2017.

No official border has ever been negotiated, the region where the clashes occurred is hostile terrain, at high altitude and sparsely populated, running through the Ladakh region bordering Tibet, home to a Buddhist-majority population. It is a popular tourist destination.

What is the Line of Actual Control?

The LAC is a rough demarcation line separating Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory. The exact location of sections of the line, particularly in the western Ladakh region, have remained in dispute. Efforts between the two countries to clarify the LAC have stalled in the past two decades, according to Indian media.

What do the two sides want?

Both countries have sought to establish their claims to territory, by heavily militarising the region. Both have built roads, airstrips, outpost stations, and other infrastructure, such as telephone lines. Troops conduct regular patrols along the disputed border. China claims more than 90,000sq km in the eastern Himalayas and another 38,000sq km in the west, both of which are disputed by India.

What next?

The conflict has enormous geopolitical consequences for the world. China and India are the two most populous nations on earth, and both are nuclear powers. They are led by governments run strongly along nationalist lines, and whose militaries are seen as markers of national status and pride.

Both parties have been working towards de-escalation in recent weeks but the loss of life makes the situation even more complicated and precarious.

Chinese state media has reported the PLA is conducting joint military exercises “aimed at the destruction of key hostile hubs in a high-elevation mountainous region”. The PLA Tibet Military Command conducted live fire drills with heavy artillery on Tuesday, with reports linking the PLA’s preparedness for high elevation combat to the clashes with India.

Go to Original – theguardian.com


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One Response to “Explainer: What Is the Deadly India-China Border Dispute About?”

  1. samir sardana says:

    What is the game being played by the Indians,and who is the architect ?

    The architect is Narendra Modi.

    The war being waged on PRC,is an Alt-War,by the media and the Indian Industry.

    Y the Indian Industry ? It is simple. The Indian Industry wants to use COVID and the Galwan debacle, to CAPTURE the market share of Chinese companies – ON ANY PRETEXT – and thus boost the sales of Indian Industry.dindooohindoo

    Basically,Indians are not competent to take on Chinese Manufacturing,or IT or Telecom services.It is not about scale and regulations,and the political system.It is just that on a man to man basis,the Indians are useless,on matters of intellect,intelligence,dexterity,innovation,speed,hard work and loyalty.

    BUT MOST IMPORTANTLY,who are these Media companies and the Industrialists.THEY ARE BANIAS,Id.est.,from the Trading Community of India.They have NO intellect and are a BURDEN, and a CURSE on India.

    Of the dead Indian soldiers in Galwan – as an aside,how many banias.jains.marwaris, gujaratis, brahmins ……………

    The answer is ZERO.These Banias have NEVER FOUGHT a war for India,in the last 5000 years ! However, they INCITE AND BRAINWASH SONS OF POOR FARMERS AND DALITS,TO DIE FOR WARS OF THE INDIAN NATION.These wars AROSE, due to the BLUNDERS AND FALSE EGO,of the same BANIAS,who are in the bureaucracy,and the POLITY.

    Has a single bania EVER died for India ? Nein !

    The Banias financed the Brits,and brought in the Sakas and Mughals ………..

    The Banias provided vital intel,to the invaders

    The Banias financed the slave trade of Indians,and also the slave trade in Arabia

    The Banias had the executor role, in the Bengal famine

    Narendra Modi is a Bania – haunted by his origins and the history OF THE GUJARATIS – who ARE
    DESCRIBED AS A “BASTARD RACE” in the MAHABHARATA. What the Mahabharata means is that,these Gujaratis were born from the rapes of Gujarati women,1400 to 2000 years ago,by the Sakas,Scythians,Turks,Turkics, Afghans,Persians,Parthinians etc.


    This is the verse of the Mahabharata on the GUJARATIS as a “Bastard Race”

    The Mahabharata , Book 8: Karna Parva ,Section 45

    The Pancalas observe the duties enjoined in the Vedas; the Kauravas observe truth; the Matsyas and the Surasenas perform sacrifices, the Easterners follow the practices of the Shudras; the Southerners are fallen; the Vahikas are thieves; the SAURASHTRAS ARE BASTARDS

    Narendra Modi is a Gujarati and a OILMAN,id.,est a caste that crushes oilseeds,to make oil and oil cakes

    What does the Mahabharata say about these OILMEN ?

    The Mahabharata, Book 8: Karna Parva: Section 45

     The mlecchas are the dirt of mankind: the “oilmen are the dirt of the Mlecchas”; eunuchs are the dirt of oilmen; they who avail of the priestly ministrations of Kshatriyas, in their sacrifices, are the dirt of eunuchs.

    The word “dirt” used in the abovesaid verse,means “the discharge,id.est., the sperm or the menstrual fluid” of Mlecchas

    Narendra Modi has not gotten over his humble and questionable birth,and his mother’s profession

    Throughout Indian History – when men w/o pedigree,have ruled over India – they have destroyed India immediately thereafter.They all thought they were special,and from the grass roots.This is a apocalyptic trait,peculiar to Hindoos.

    To hide over the “shame of their birth and upbringing” and the “vicious physical and mental torture” as children – they “gravitate to extreme forms of menial thought and cruelty” – ignoring all sage counsel – as they feel it is a sign of courage and fortitude,in the face of adversity and pressures (Like the Kashmir disaster by Modi).

    I present the chronicles of Narnia (Narendra Modi of India)

    Make in India = Total Disaster.
    Defense Manufacturing in India = Total Disaster.
    Demonetisation = Total Disaster.
    Space = Disaster.ISRO Chandrayaan has doomed all hopes.
    Employment = Disaster.Destruction of all SME and Unorganised Jobs – FOREVER.
    IAF = Disaster.IAF completely destroyed by the PAF in Balakot.The IAF took the advice of Modi.They did not send the best fighter jets against the PAF – Why ?
    How did 6 PAF – F-16s cross the Indian ADS (in daylight) and almost kill the Indian Army Chief and GOC-in-C Northern Command (and all escaped the ADS on the way back
    and the ADS shot down its own Chopper)
    Banking = Doomed.NPA is at least 400 Billion USD in the organised sector – RBI is defrauding the nation by hiding and lying.MUDRA loans are 150 Billion USD of which
    at least 40% will disappear.Then there is the informal banking disaster (NBFC/Chit Funds etc.).
    Kashmir and Art 370 Disaster
    Crowning Glory is the Galwan Disaster