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Peace Journalism Perspective

EDITORIAL

Prof. Johan Galtung

The Basques in Spain: Positive Peace?

#482 | Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service

Spain is in a process that will take some time, from "España: Una, Grande, Libre" to "España: Una Comunidad de naciones"—“Spain: One, Great, Free” to “Spain: A community of nations.” Positive peace builds on negative peace building on conciliation of traumas and solution of conflicts. There is much work to be done, but Spain as a true community of nations will inspire the whole world.

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FEATURED RESEARCH PAPER

On the Intransitive Objects of the Social (or Human) Sciences

Prof. Howard Richards – TRANSCEND Media Service

Jan 2017 - When Roy Bhaskar first introduced his concept of intransitive objects of knowledge in A Realist Theory of Science, his first examples of such objects were the specific gravity of mercury, the process of electrolysis, the mechanism of light propagation, sound and heavy bodies falling to earth. Such objects would continue to exist in a world where there was no science to know them. In such a world, which has existed in the past and which might come again, the causal laws that science has now discovered would prevail in the absence of knowledge of them.

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TMS PEACE JOURNALISM

Since You’re Here, Make Your Contribution to Our Service: Full Stop on Donations

Antonio C. S. Rosa | Editor – TRANSCEND Media Service

TMS remains free (and ad-free) and takes us hundreds of hours a week to research, write, compose and thousands of Euros to sustain. Fund our Peace Journalism and together we can keep the world on a more positive, human, nonviolent path.

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Other Commentaries

BY TRANSCEND MEMBERS

Competition and Collaboration in Conflict Resolution

Dr. Olga A. Vorkunova – TRANSCEND Media Service

Peace-building is today central for shaping our human conditions, present and future. In terms of IR theory, the analytical distinction between ‘competition logic’ versus ‘cooperation logic’ implies that a realist perspective may be useful to analyze particular aspects of peace coalitions rather than military coalitions. There are no incompatible countries; there are incompatible goals of different actors.

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Trumped Up Diplomacy in the Middle East

Richard Falk | Global Justice in the 21st Century – TRANSCEND Media Service

20 May 2017 - As Trump dominates the news by his visits to Saudi Arabia and Israel we should not be tricked into thinking that his ‘achievements’ are hopeful developments. The only true beacons of hope for the peoples of the Middle East are the contrarian affirmations of the Palestinian hunger strike, the Rouhani electoral victory, and the BDS Campaign.

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Korea: Back from the Brink, Small Steps Forward

Rene Wadlow – TRANSCEND Media Service

The election on 9 May 2017 of Moon Jae-in as president of the Republic of Korea may have applied the brakes to a dangerous increase in tensions between the two Korean States, the USA, China, Japan, and Russia.

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India’s Brexit Moment

Vithal Rajan – TRANSCEND Media Service

22 May 2017 - Sashi Tharoor has done a pretty thorough job of debunking the pretentions put forward by journalist-historians, like Niall Ferguson, that the Raj conferred several benefits on India and other colonies. However, what is yet to be written about is the destructive stranglehold imperial memories continue to have on the guardians of Whitehall and of the South Block in Delhi. As Macauley predicted we share a language, a set of laws, a form of governance, and a passion for cricket.

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Truth or Delusion?

Robert J. Burrowes, Ph.D. – TRANSCEND Media Service

22 May 2017 - One inevitable outcome of the phenomenal violence we all suffer as children is that most of us live in a state of delusion throughout our lives. This makes it extraordinarily difficult for accurate information, including vital information about the endangered state of our world and how to respond appropriately, to penetrate the typical human mind.

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Trump in Bethlehem

Mazin Qumsiyeh – TRANSCEND Media Service

20 May 2017 - President Trump is in Saudi Arabia where he will instruct his puppets then go to apartheid Israel where get further instructions from his masters. He will do a token visit to Bethlehem Tuesday [23 May] and desecrate the city of the Prince of Peace with his entourage of racist Zionists. I wish I was there to join demonstrations against this symbol of hypocrisy (I am still in Europe).

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Framing Global Transformation through the Polyhedral Merkabah

Anthony Judge | Laetus in Praesens – TRANSCEND Media Service

Neglected Implicit Cognitive Cycles in Viable Complex Systems - Despite the widely commented implications of a post-truth era, few would deny the fact that the unresolved issues between the Abrahamic religions continue to inspire violence -- with no end in sight. This encourages major investment in armaments and the development and deployment of military forces.

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NONVIOLENCE

Radical Love

Rivera Sun | PeaceVoice – TRANSCEND Media Service

Perhaps people in the social justice movements don't notice. The feelings of solidarity that can arise within movements can mask the ways hate for one's opposition depletes the soul. More obvious is the effect within the opposition. Sensing hate from the movement, their hearts close off, the deficiency of love drops further, and they lash out violently, entrenching in defense of their actions.

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SPOTLIGHT

You (and Almost Everyone You Know) Owe Your Life to This Man

Robert Krulwich | National Geographic – TRANSCEND Media Service

Temperament matters. Especially when nuclear weapons are involved. The world owes an enormous debt to a quiet, steady Russian naval officer who probably saved my life. And yours. And everyone you know. Even those of you who weren’t yet born. I want to tell his story...

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IN FOCUS

How the US Empire Was Made in North Korea

Niall Bradley | Signs of the Times – TRANSCEND Media Service

I recently read The China Mirage: The Hidden History of American Disaster in Asia by James Bradley, a breathtaking panorama of US and Chinese trajectories from the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century to the birth of 'Communist' China and 'Pax Americana' a hundred years later. This naturally encompassed US involvement in Korea, so in this article I'd like to share some historical context that is either incomplete or missing from summaries of US-Korean relations I've seen online so far.

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New Convention Targets Illicit Trade in Artifacts from War Zones

teleSUR – TRANSCEND Media Service

An international convention targeting the illicit trade in cultural artifacts took effect on Friday [19 May 2017]; a move to curb what is regarded as a major source of funding to militant groups in conflict zones. The treaty aims to close loopholes and enable more effective cross-border cooperation in investigating, prosecuting and sentencing persons.

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TECHNOLOGY

The Real Roots of the Worldwide Ransomware Outbreak: Militarism and Greed

Sam Biddle – The Intercept

A runaway strain of malware hit Windows computers Friday [12 May] and spread through the weekend, rendering hundreds of thousands of computers around the world more or less useless. The big twist: The virus was made possible by U.S. government hackers at the National Security Agency. But the finger-pointing won’t stop there, and it probably shouldn’t.

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BIG BROTHER / SPYING / SURVEILLANCE / WHISTLEBLOWING

Vault 7: Athena

WikiLeaks – TRANSCEND Media Service

Today, May 19th 2017, WikiLeaks publishes documents from the "Athena" project of the CIA. "Athena" - like the related "Hera" system - provides remote beacon and loader capabilities on target computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system (from Windows XP to Windows 10).

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Julian Assange Claims Victory after Sweden Drops Rape Investigation

teleSUR – TRANSCEND Media Service

Swedish prosecutors dropped the rape investigation into WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange on Friday [19 May], saying the investigation had not been able to proceed because of legal obstacles. Assange vowed that WikiLeaks would continue publishing.

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Chelsea Manning Is a Free Woman: Her Heroism Has Expanded Beyond Her Initial Whistleblowing

Glenn Greenwald – The Intercept

One could almost say that Chelsea Manning’s 2010 leaking to WikiLeaks has faded into the background when assessing her true impact as a human being.

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AFRICA

America’s Snub of the African Union Should Spur Regional Powers into Action

Tshepo T. Gwatiwa – The Conversation

17 May 2017 - In April 2017 US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson stood up one of Africa’s most powerful people, African Union Commission Chairperson Moussa Faki. Tillerson invited Faki to Washington for a meeting, then backed out at the last minute. Tillerson’s snub was a direct challenge to Africa’s international position and it sends a double-pronged message.

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ANGLO AMERICA

The Deal Trump Should Strike with Putin

Jeffrey Tayler | Quillette – TRANSCEND Media Service

If Trump chooses not to pursue détente with Russia and continues with the current policy, then he would do well to recall Kissinger’s words: “the test of policy is how it ends, not how it begins.” He might also want to reflect on what President John F. Kennedy said in 1963, after the nearly catastrophic Cuban Missile Crisis: “Above all, while defending our vital interests, nuclear powers must avert those confrontations which bring an adversary to a choice of either a humiliating retreat or a nuclear war.” The détente outlined above would allow us to lessen the risk of such a confrontation.

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BRICS

Putin Aligns with Xi in Crafting the New World (Trade) Order

Pepe Escobar – Russia Today

15 May 2017 - History will record the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing marked the juncture where the 21st century New Silk Roads assumed their full character of Globalization 2.0, or “inclusive globalization,” as defined by President Xi Jinping in Davos earlier this year.

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What Next for Brazil’s Decaying Kleptocracy?

Dawisson Belem Lopes – Al Jazeera

Temer's popularity hardly reaches two digits in reliable opinion polls. Social policies are being downsized. Foreign policy chiefs are failing to explore some new windows of opportunity, insisting on same old formulas. Brazil looks desperately in need of a new beginning, of a fresh start. Very unfortunately though, political options seem scarce, vicious and chronically unfeasible. Nobody can predict what move is coming up next, but only one thing is for sure: this story is to be continued.

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MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA

State Of Emergency in Yemen’s Sanaa over Cholera Crisis

Al Jazeera – TRANSCEND Media Service

More than 184 Yemenis have been killed by a cholera epidemic that is gripping the Houthi-controlled Sanaa. "With the imminent collapse of the public health system, UNICEF is taking on as much of the burden as possible, procuring essential drugs and vaccines, and covering basic operations costs such as electricity and fuel."

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PALESTINE / ISRAEL

The Palestinian Hunger Strike: “Our chains will be broken before we are…”

Richard Falk | Global Justice in the 21st Century – TRANSCEND Media Service

Even if this commitment is not carried through to a grim finality, it will not tarnish the significance of what has been undertaken, and the great reluctance of the world to focus its attention on such a display of nonviolent martyrdom. It appears to be the most consequential due to the participation of Marwan Barghouti along with so many other Palestinian prisoners as well as producing many displays of solidarity beyond the prison walls.

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Gaza’s Fishermen and Farmers Attacked from Sea and Air

Jews for Justice for Palestinians – TRANSCEND Media Service

Fishermen said that Israeli forces shot at Palestinian fishing boats in two separate incidents off the northern coast of Gaza on Tuesday [9 May] morning. Meanwhile, Gaza farmers told Ma’an that Israeli drones sprayed pesticides on Palestinian crops along the border with Israel in central and southern Gaza on the same day.

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Palestinian Hunger Strikers – An Update

Jews for Justice for Palestinians – TRANSCEND Media Service

19 May 2017 - Around 1,000 Palestinians held in Israeli prisons have entered their second month of a hunger strike over conditions and medical rights. Their demands include better and consistent access to healthcare; more liberal family visit policies; and an end to solitary confinement and administrative detention.

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The Balfour Declaration: A Century of Jewish Power

Gilad Atzmon | Dissident Voice – TRANSCEND Media Service

19 May 2017 - This year, Palestinians and their supporters mark the 100th anniversary of The Balfour Declaration, a written statement from the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary, Arthur James Balfour, to Walter Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, in favour of the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.

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ENERGY

Disposing of Nuclear Waste is a Challenge for Humanity

Behnam Taebi – Newsweek

Nuclear waste is found at hundreds of sites around the world, the product of a half century of nuclear energy production. There are thorny ethical issues that should first be addressed. The risks are difficult to calibrate, because there is no such thing as a safe level of radiation exposure, certainly not for the type of radiation emanating from plutonium and uranium as present in Hanford.

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ENVIRONMENT

U.S. Military World’s Largest Polluter – Hundreds of Bases Gravely Contaminated

Whitney Webb – MintPress News

Producing more hazardous waste than the five largest U.S. chemical companies combined, the U.S. Department of Defense has left its toxic legacy throughout the world in the form of depleted uranium, oil, jet fuel, pesticides, defoliants like Agent Orange and lead, among other pollutants.

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Agony of Mother Earth: The Unstoppable Destruction of Forests (I)

Baher Kamal – Inter Press Service-IPS

The world’s forests are being degraded and lost at a staggering rate of 3.3 million hectares per year. While their steady destruction in many Asian countries continues apace, deforestation of the world’s largest tropical forest – the Amazon – increased 29 per cent from last year’s numbers. And some of the most precious ecosystems in Africa are threatened by oil, gas and mineral exploration and exploitation.

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Agony of Mother Earth: World’s Forests Depleted for Fuel (II)

Baher Kamal – Other News

Humankind is the biggest ever predator of natural resources. Just take the case of forests, the real lungs of Mother Earth, and learn that every 60 seconds humans cut down 15 hectares of trees primarily for food or energy production. And that as much as 45,000 hectares of rainforest are cleared for every million kilos of beef exported from South America.

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GENETIC ENGINEERING

Genetically Engineered Disappointments

Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Tan Zhai Gen – Inter Press Service-IPS

16 May 2017 - Advocates of genetically engineered crops have long claimed that it is necessary to raise crop yields and reduce human exposure to agrochemicals. GE promised two major improvements: improving yields affordably to feed the world, and making crops resistant to pests to reduce the use of commercial chemical herbicides and insecticides. There has been little compelling evidence to this effect after two decades.

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JUSTICE

Chelsea Manning Released from Military Prison

Ed Pilkington – The Guardian

17 May 2017 - Chelsea Manning, the army private who released a vast trove of US state secrets and was punished by the US military for months in penal conditions denounced by the UN as torture, has been released from a military prison in Kansas after serving seven years of a 35-year sentence.

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Getting Julian Assange: The Untold Story

John Pilger – TRANSCEND Media Service

20 May 2017 - Julian Assange has been vindicated because the Swedish case against him was corrupt. The prosecutor, Marianne Ny, obstructed justice and should be prosecuted. Her obsession with Assange not only embarrassed her colleagues and the judiciary but exposed the Swedish state's collusion with the United States in its crimes of war and "rendition".

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WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

Making Sense of the “Super Fuse” Scare

The Unz Review – TRANSCEND Media Service

11 May 2017 - For weeks now I have been getting panicked emails with readers asking me whether the USA had developed a special technology called “super fuses” which would make it possible for the USA to successfully pull-off a (preemptive) disarming first strike against Russia.

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ECONOMICS

How Boring Old Pension Funds Might Curb Global Warming

Nick Stockton | Wired – TRANSCEND Media Service

18 May 2017 - Last week, some retirement funds and church endowments, along with BlackRock, the world’s largest investment manager, approved a proposal that Occidental Petroleum report its climate-related vulnerabilities. These aren’t save-the-planet activist shareholders, but investment companies. More than 1,500 institutional investors are members of the UN-supported Principles for Responsible Investment, which lists accounting for climate risk among its six tenets.

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CAPITALISM

Vulture Capitalists Fight over Pickings from Bankrupt Puerto Rico

Rafael Azul | WSWS – TRANSCEND Media Service

22 May 2017 – Federal US court proceedings began May 17 in San Juan on Puerto Rico’s $123 billion bankruptcy. As with the Detroit bankruptcy of 2013-2014, the island faces privatization and cutbacks that will exacerbate a mass wave of emigration and further sink its economy into depression. They may be fighting over who will be first in line to be paid, but they all agree that workers, pensioners and the poor will have to sacrifice their jobs and living standards.

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ANIMAL RIGHTS / VEGETARIANISM

Baby Elephants, Bound and Broken: How Circuses Train Elephants (with pictures)

PETA-People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals – TRANSCEND Media Service

Join an elephant trainer as he takes us through the process of how he, alongside many other trainers, forced elephants to learn how to perform unnatural tricks for “entertainment.” This barbaric and violent training process goes on in secret, out of the public’s view and completely unmonitored by any federal, state, or local law-enforcement agency.

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HEALTH

Proof That Big Vaccine (Merck, Glaxo, et al) and the CDC Can’t Be Trusted When It Comes to Vaccines

Gary G. Kohls, MD | Duty to Warn – TRANSCEND Media Service

The conclusion that could not be avoided was that the bowel disorder in the vaccine-injured children was actually an iatrogenic disease (physician- or treatment-caused) that was caused by the MMR shot. It was not much of a jump to also conclude that the accompanying autism disorder was also iatrogenic. To a powerful multinational corporation like Glaxo (and their shareholders), that was an intolerable finding and something had to be done to try to discredit the findings and the authors.

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BIOGRAPHIES

Ralph Waldo Emerson (25 May 1803 – 27 Apr 1882)

Ann Woodlief | Virginia Commonwealth University – TRANSCEND Media Service

He had become quite famous, a major figure in the American literary landscape, a celebrity which brought both adultation and satire. He had been a profound inspiration for many writers, especially Henry Thoreau and Walt Whitman.

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HISTORY

This Week in History

Satoshi Ashikaga – TRANSCEND Media Service

May 22-28 ~ QUOTE OF THE WEEK: “When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. There have been tyrants, and murderers, and for a time they can seem invincible, but in the end they always fall. Think of it—always.” —Mahatma Gandhi

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SCIENCE / SPIRITUALITY

Escaping the Iron Cage of Hopelessness

Prof. Edward Curtin – TRANSCEND Media Service

In a previous article I argued that those who think science can solve our major social problems – in particular, world destruction with nuclear weapons and the poisoning of the earth’s ecology and atmosphere – were delusional and in the grip of the myth of science and technology. These problems were created by science when it became untethered from any sense of limits in its embrace of instrumental rationality.

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INSPIRATIONAL

World Law

Dietrich Fischer – TRANSCEND Media Service

Grenville Clark, the co-author with Louis B. Sohn of 'World Peace Through World Law,' gave a talk in a town in the U.S. Midwest around the year 1900. He noticed all men were carrying two loaded guns in their belt.

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SPIRITUALITY

Relevance of Lord Ram for Truth, Peace and Harmony

Ravi P Bhatia – TRANSCEND Media Service

22 May 2017 - Among the Hindu gods and deities Lord Krishna and Lord Ram are perhaps the most popular ones all over the world. The gospel and teachings of Krishna have been spread by several international organisations including ISKCON-International Society for Krishna Consciousness. Mahatma Gandhi was a deeply religious person and lived by the ideals of Gita and Ramayan. When he was shot on 30 January 1948, the last words he uttered before he passed away were “He Ram”.

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POETRY FORMAT

“Me and My Shadow-Drone”

Gary Steven Corseri – TRANSCEND Media Service

Me and my Shadow-Drone went “walking” down the lane.

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Looking Back

Emanuel E. Garcia – TRANSCEND Media Service

Everything had been arranged: A linen tablecloth, The reckless glow of a taper, Paintings, artefacts, our hands –

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Who Knows How Long We Will Live?

Lara Ayvazyan – TRANSCEND Media Service

Who knows how long we will live? Do not regret on the days of the past, Let's replace for people the word "old age" On the word “maturity".

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Sartre´s Children (Senryu)

Udaya R. Tennakoon – TRANSCEND Media Service

Sartre´s Children tasting winter ice cream

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The Last Love Song

Adolf P. Shvedchikov – TRANSCEND Media Service

Crawling along the bloody side of a road Among rotting leaves I cannot reach you And sing my last love song.

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IN ORIGINAL LANGUAGES

(Português) A fome como desafio ético e espiritual

Leonardo Boff – TRANSCEND Media Service

A pobreza é sistêmica, pois é fruto de um tipo de sociedade que tem por objetivo acumular mais e mais bens materiais sem qualquer consideração humanitária (justiça social) e ambiental (justiça ecológica). Ela pressupõe pessoas cruéis, cínicas e sem qualquer sentido de solidariedade, portanto, num contexto de alta desumaniação e até de barbárie

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(Français) Amnésies et fluctuations occidentales. Droit de la paix, droit de la guerre et « droit » à la guerre

Robert Charvin | Investig’Action – TRANSCEND Media Service

Les États du capitalisme, assistés par leurs multiples mercenaires (politiciens professionnels, journalistes, intellectuels de cour, etc.) ont pour force de pratiquer avec dynamisme des réorientations idéologiques, tout en cultivant certaines amnésies (chroniques ou passagères).

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(Italiano) L’esempio di una buona pratica per “essere e fare comunità”. A Gavardo, Brescia. Lombardia. Italy. Report per i lettori di tutto il mondo di TRANSCEND Media Service

Silvia Berruto – TRANSCEND Media Service

20 Mag 2017 - Come il testimoniare, nel fare storia e memoria, vuol dire essere (e fare) comunità. Dalla comunità del rancore alla comunità (della cura) curata. Verso una comunità sempre più, e progressivamente, riarmonizzata.

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(Português) Vídeo flagra a extrema angústia de elefantas aprisionadas em poço de concreto

Aline Khouri - ANDA Agência de Notícias de Direitos Animais

Um vídeo de pouco mais de um minuto mostra a realidade sombria do cativeiro de animais emocionais sociais e curiosos como elefantes em zoológicos.

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(Português) “Seu nível de testosterona deve ser bem baixo, já que você é vegano”

David Arioch | Jornalismo Cultural – TRANSCEND Media Service

Já ouviu falar de um médico chamado Michael Greger? Ele diz que é exatamente quem consome proteína animal em excesso que corre mais riscos de ter baixos níveis de testosterona. Claro, a não ser quem mantenha uma alta ingestão de esteroides, de sintéticos.

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IN-DEPTH VIDEOS

Is Russia the “Adversary” of the United States?

theREALnews – TRANSCEND Media Service

May 19, 2017 - Moscow based [Atlantic Monthly] journalist Jeffrey Taylor and Paul Jay challenge the underlying assumption of the furor in Washington, that Russia is the enemy of the American people.

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SHORT VIDEO CLIPS

What a Wonderful World! (MUSIC VIDEO OF THE WEEK)

Louis Armstrong – TRANSCEND Media Service

Composed and performed by the great Louis Armstrong--perhaps his best song ever. Enjoy.

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SATIRE

Nation Favors Travel Ban on Person Who Has Recently Visited Muslim Country

Andy Borowitz – The New Yorker

A broad majority of poll respondents said that if such a person were to remain outside the borders of the U.S. forever, they would “sleep better at night.”

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JOKE OF THE WEEK

Greedier Than Thou

Dietrich Fischer – TRANSCEND Media Service

Dan was a single guy living at home with his father and working in the family business.

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