Peace Journalism Perspective

EDITORIAL

TMS

Why International Law Is Crucial for Human Wellbeing

#626 | Richard Falk – TRANSCEND Media Service

If we are attentive to current events, as the media reports war/peace issues we would quickly conclude that invoking international law in these high profile settings is to be out of touch with how sovereign states go about pursuing their most important economic and political interests, which in areas touching on security is by trusting their defensive capabilities and alliance relations, and not by believing that as long as their actions and policies stay on the right side of the law, they have nothing to worry about.

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TRANSCEND VIDEOS

Analysis of Violence for Peacebuilders: Galtung’s Triangle

The Peacebuilding Practitioner – TRANSCEND Media Service

A conflict analysis is a nonnegotiable first step when preparing a conflict transformation and peacebuilding intervention. Understanding violence is part and parcel of this initial assessment. Johan Galtung's Triangle is a simple yet powerful tool to get a better understanding about the types of violence influencing the situation. This video explains how it can be used.

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FEATURED RESEARCH PAPER

The Doctrine of Just War: Just That, War! (Or more War than Just)

Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service

War as an institution to resolve conflict is an abomination, like slavery and colonialism as institutions. Occasional war, slavery and colonialism are probably hard to eliminate. But the key word is institution, legitimized by social norms and mores. A doctrine of just war is designed to do exactly that, offer a legitimation, for instance by seeing the evil of war as something that can be outweighed by possible positive consequences.

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TMS PEACE JOURNALISM

Making a Difference: 20 Years of Conflict-Resolving Media

Jake Lynch | The Peace Journalist – TRANSCEND Media Service

“In my reportage, taking from the course, I always stay focused on stating facts, the truth and let the voice of the people dominate the narrative as opposed to political parties or ‘elite sources’ as you call them. These sources tend to have vested interests that I avoid. I focus on people’s stories, the human-interest ones. Solutions are not what I intentionally work towards, but they can be inevitable outcome of any such endeavour and I hope for that”.

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NOBEL LAUREATES

Nobel Peace Prize 2020 – Full List of Qualified Nominations

Fredrik S. Heffermehl - The Nobel Peace Prize Watch – TRANSCEND Media Service

11 Feb 2020 - A new page on Facebook, Nobel Peace Prize Watch, has been established to present the 36 nominations found qualified for 2020 and permit public exchange and debate around the candidates. Please follow, comment and encourage others to follow.

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Other Commentaries

TRANSCEND News

Since you’re here… Please contribute to help pay our production costs

The TRANSCEND Media Service Team

TMS remains free (and ad-free) but takes us hundreds of hours a week to research, write and compose, and thousands of Euros to sustain. Fund our Peace Journalism and together we can steer the world into a more positive, human, nonviolent, civilized path. Our sincere gratitude to those who contribute.

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SPOTLIGHT

Outside China, Coronavirus Transmission ‘Iceberg’ May Not Be as Big as Feared

UN News – TRANSCEND Media Service

13 Feb 2020 - As infections from COVID-19 coronavirus continue to rise, a senior UN health expert today said that there were some indications that disease transmission outside China might not be the tip of the “iceberg” that had been feared.

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TRANSCEND MEMBERS

Kicking the Habit

John Scales Avery – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - The Industrial Revolution marked the start of a massive human use of fossil fuels. The stored energy from several hundred million years of plant growth began to be used at roughly a million times the rate at which it had been formed. The effect on human society was like that of a narcotic. There was a euphoric (and totally unsustainable) surge of growth of both population and industrial production.

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Meeting Grand Ayatollah 41 Years Ago

Richard Falk | Global Justice in the 21st Century – TRANSCEND Media Service

15 Feb 2020 - In February 1979, along with two others, I had a meeting with Ayatollah Khomeini. The post below is an edited text of an interview by two Iranian journalists, Maryam Khormaei & Javad Heiran-Nia, which was published a few weeks ago in Iran. As few Westerners had such an opportunity to meet the leader of the Iranian Revolution in a relatively relaxed atmosphere and for an ample length of time, there seemed interest in Iran and elsewhere in my recollections of that meeting.

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What Next — A Discourse on the Present and the Future

Dr Ravi P Bhatia – TRANSCEND Media Service

Hinduism talks of karma and after life; if a person is kind, does good deeds in his/her present life, their next life will be better, enjoyable and rewarding as a consequence of karma. A natural question that arises is what are the factors or reasons for this dispensation of people in various walks of life to think about what next and how to do better in future. This is difficult to answer satisfactorily but it seems that in the contemporary world, insecurity and competition weigh heavily on peoples’ minds and on their behaviour.

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Bat and Hyena

Mazin Qumsiyeh | Popular Resistance – TRANSCEND Media Service

15 Feb 2020 - What a baseball bat and a murdered pregnant hyena have in common? Please read on…

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AFRICA

‘All We Can Offer Is the Chain’: The Scandal of Ghana’s Shackled Sick – Exposé

Tracy McVeigh – The Guardian

3 Feb 2020 - For the families of Ghanaians with mental health or substance abuse issues, shackling their loved ones can seem the only option, as faith healers compete to fill the mental health void.

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A Plague of Locusts Has Descended on East Africa–Climate Change May Be to Blame

Madeleine Stone | National Geographic – TRANSCEND Media Service

14 Feb 2020 - A plague of locusts is spreading across the East Africa region threatening the food supply of tens of millions. City-sized swarms of the dreaded pests descend on crops and pasturelands, devouring everything in a matter of hours. The outbreak, which now affects seven countries, is like nothing in recent memory. Human activity has made an ocean circulation pattern misbehave—triggering a weird confluence of events that has caused the infestations.

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ANGLO AMERICA

The Golden Age of White Collar Crime

Michael Hobbes, Matt Giles, et al. | HuffPost – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - Elite lawbreaking is out of control. This is the grotesque story of an existential threat to American society. One of the most conspicuous aspects of white-collar cases is the doting, near-veterinary care with which judges try to prevent defendants from facing harsh punishment. 32% of American managers said they were comfortable behaving unethically to meet financial targets. --Ernst and Young Global Fraud Survey

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It’s High Time to End Medical Complicity in Torture

Dr. William Hopkins – Al Jazeera

10 Feb 2020 - As a psychiatrist and as a human being, I know that we can and must do better. Those responsible for these horrifying actions, such as James Mitchell, must be held to account. Our humanity depends on it.

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More Lies on Iran: The White House Just Can’t Help Itself as New Facts Emerge

Philip Giraldi – Global Research

13 Feb 2020 - The United States assassinated a senior Iranian official named Qassem Soleimani. The justification by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was that Soleimani was in Iraq planning an “imminent” mass killing of Americans, for which evidence was never provided. It soon emerged that the Iranian was in fact in Baghdad to discuss with the Iraqi Prime Minister a plan to de-escalate the conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran, a meeting that the White House knew about.

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Look to the United Nations to Find Solace in Trump’s Wind of Madness

Douglas Roche | The Hill Times – TRANSCEND Media Service

12 Feb 2020 - In the UN Charter, we find the truths to guide us, such as saving humanity from the scourge of war, reaffirming faith in fundamental human rights, and the dignity of the human person.

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Journalist Abby Martin Sues State of Georgia over Law Requiring Pledge of Allegiance to Israel

Alan Macleod – MintPress News

10 Feb 2020 - After refusing to sign a pledge of allegiance to the state of Israel, the state of Georgia shut down a media literacy conference featuring journalist and filmmaker Abby Martin at Georgia Southern University. “This censorship of my talk based on forced compliance to anti-BDS laws in Georgia is just one level of a nationwide campaign to protect Israel from grassroots pressure.” — Abby Martin

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WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

Trump Budget Gives Top Priority to New Generation of Nuclear Weapons

Patrick Martin | WSWS – TRANSCEND Media Service

11 Feb 2020 - The most ominous feature of the new budget document issued yesterday by the Trump administration is the prominent place given to the development of a new generation of nuclear weapons, including so-called low-yield weapons, smaller than the bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which are widely regarded as more likely to actually be used in combat.

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ASIA-UPDATES ON MYANMAR ROHINGYA GENOCIDE

A Hard Look into the Genesis of Myanmar’s Genocide

Maung Zarni | Anadolu Agency – TRANSCEND Media Service

12 Feb 2020 - Genesis of sustained, institutionalized destruction of Rohingya is anchored in group’s identity as Muslims. This faith-based framing of Rohingya, a borderland population, as a threat is precisely what qualifies Myanmar’s policies as genocidal.

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Deaths of 16 Rohingya at Sea Raises Fears Trafficking Ring Has Been Revived

Kaamil Ahmed – The Guardian

12 Feb 2020 - Activists fear a dangerous transnational trafficking network is being revived after at least 16 Rohingya refugees drowned in the Bay of Bengal yesterday morning. Smugglers responsible for mass atrocities in Thailand may be linked to capsized boat carrying refugees from Bangladesh to Malaysia.

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What Does the Myanmar Provisional Measures Order by the International Court of Justice Mean for ASEAN?

Maung Zarni | FORSEA – TRANSCEND Media Service

12 Feb 2020 - It is long overdue for ASEAN to sync its policies towards Myanmar with international opinion, legal and human rights, and the global public. It needs to prove that it is a part of the solution, rather than being a Bystander in yet another genocide in its backyard after Khmer Rouge genocide four decades ago.

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BRICS

Brazil’s ex-President Lula Inspired by His Meeting with Pope Francis

teleSUR – TRANSCEND Media Service

14 Feb 2020 - Increasing global inequality, environmental crisis, and forging solidarity-driven alternatives for the economy were some of the topics Brazil’s ex-president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Pope Francis discussed on Thursday [13 Feb] at the Vatican. “I hope I can have the same drive as Pope Francis to fight for a better world,” Brazil’s ex-president said after meeting.

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Putin Proposes 2020 Summit with Leaders of Russia, France, China, U.S. and UK

Reuters – TRANSCEND Media Service

23 Jan 2020 - Russian President Vladimir Putin today proposed holding a summit between the leaders of the UNSC P5 in 2020 to discuss the conflict in Libya and other global problems.

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China’s Position on Putin’s Proposal of P5 Emergency Summit

Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Commonwealth of Australia – TRANSCEND Media Service

24 Jan 2020 - Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Remarks on Russian President Vladimir Putin's Proposal to Hold a Meeting of the Heads of State of the Five Permanent Members of the UN Security Council

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LATIN AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN

Bolivia: An Election in the Midst of an Ongoing Coup

Vijay Prashad | Independent Media Institute – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - On May 3, 2020, the Bolivian people will go to the polls once more. They return there because President Evo Morales had been overthrown in a coup in November 2019. Morales had just won a presidential election in October for a term that would have begun in January 2020. The Organization of American States claimed that there was fraud in the election and Morales was prematurely removed from office.

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Haiti Ten Years after the Earthquake

Resumen | Haiti Action Committee – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - January 12 marked 10 years since the 2010 earthquake in Haiti that killed more than 300,000 people and left an estimated 1.3 million more homeless. Much of the greater Port-au-Prince region laid in ruins, including the presidential palace, 17 of 19 ministries, and many schools and hospitals. Entire neighborhoods leveled, power outages, roads blocked with rubble, some still not removed. The United States government militarized the emergency aid. They sent in thousands of troops to provide “security,” when Haitians needed food, water, and medical care.

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Drought and Hunger: Why Thousands of Guatemalans Are Fleeing North

José García Escobar and Melisa Rabanales – The Guardian

7 Feb 2020 - The threat of famine and the battle for dwindling natural resources are increasingly being recognised as major factors in the exodus.

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MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA

On 41st Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, Has Trump’s Belligerence Strengthened the Iranian Government?

Farhang Jahanpour | Informed Comment – TRANSCEND Media Service

11 Feb 2020 – The current impasse in Iran will either result in a much more hard-line government, similar to the one led by President Mahmud Ahmadinezhad, or even in a military coup led by the IRGC. Either scenario will push back the possibility of democratization in Iran by many years, and might even lead to a devastating war. The neocons who have been pushing Trump to pursue these policies have not served him, the United States or Iran well.

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PALESTINE - ISRAEL

UN Blacklist: The 112 Companies Operating in Palestine’s Israeli Settlements

AP – Times of Israel

12 Feb 2020 - The UN Human Rights Council today published a database of 112 companies that are conducting business in West Bank settlements. The overwhelming majority is Israeli, 6 are based in US, including Airbnb, Expedia, TripAdvisor, Motorola.

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Pompeo: US Rejects UN Database of Israeli Settlement Companies

Al Jazeera News – TRANSCEND Media Service

13 Feb 2020 - US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo today said the US government would not furnish any information for a database of companies operating in the occupied West Bank that the United Nations' human rights office released. "The United States has long opposed the creation or release of this database," he said in a statement.

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Breaking with Washington: Arabs and Muslims Must Take a Stance for Palestine

Ramzy Baroud | Politics for the People – TRANSCEND Media Service

12 Feb 2020 - A negotiated solution to the ‘Palestinian-Israeli conflict’, at least the way envisaged by successive US administrations, has failed. Now, Palestinians and their allies would have to explore a whole new path of liberation that does not go through Washington.

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UNITED NATIONS

More Damning Evidence of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Cover-up in Syria

Editorial | Strategic Culture Foundation – TRANSCEND Media Service

14 Feb 2020 - More evidence has emerged to indict the OPCW in carrying out a despicable cover-up in Syria. Even more damning is that the cover-up has been orchestrated in response to pressure from the US and Western allies. This is a grave matter considering the UN-affiliated body is supposed to be a neutral, technical watchdog overseeing the implementation of the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention banning the use of such weapons of mass destruction.

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ENVIRONMENT

Save the Insects, Save Ourselves: Researchers Sound Alarm on Bugpocalypse

Andrea Germanos | Common Dreams – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - Global conservation scientists drew renewed attention to the "insect apocalypse" underway with two companion papers published Sunday [9 Feb] underscoring how the fate of human beings and that of insects is intertwined and the available solutions to address the crisis.

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Is Climate Change an Apocalypse in the Making?

Kedar Neupane – TRANSCEND Media Service

15 Feb 2020 - Unprecedented wildfires across Australia, USA, Amazon, record temperatures, extreme storms and floods across the continents, melting Arctic, sinking low-lying island nations like Fiji, Kiribati, Maldives, the Marshall and the Polynesian Islands due to rising sea water and temperatures do indicate something have already changed in our surroundings. Such periodic weather events of the recent past over a period refer to Climate Change.

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Temperature in Antarctica Soars Past 69°F/20ºC as NOAA Reports Last Month Was World’s Hottest January on Record

Jessica Corbett | Common Dreams – TRANSCEND Media Service

13 Feb 2020 - As the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration today announced that last month was the hottest January ever recorded, the Guardian reported that Brazilian scientists logged a new record-breaking temperature of 20.75°C, or 69.35°F, at Seymour Island in Antarctica on Feb. 9. They called the new record "incredible and abnormal."

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JUSTICE

UN’s Nils Melzer on Assange: «A Murderous System Is Being Created before Our very Eyes»

Daniel Ryser | Republik – TRANSCEND Media Service

31 Jan 2020 - A made-up rape allegation and fabricated evidence in Sweden, pressure from the UK not to drop the case, a biased judge, detention in a maximum security prison, psychological torture – and soon extradition to the U.S., where he could face up to 175 years in prison for exposing war crimes. For the first time, the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, Nils Melzer, speaks in detail about the explosive findings of his investigation into the case of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.

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What Is Happening to Assange Will Happen to the Rest of Us

Chris Hedges | Truthdig – TRANSCEND Media Service

10 Feb 2020 - The global security state, which is not bound by the rule of law, will target all who defy it.

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‘Burned at the Stake’ – The UN Special Rapporteur on Torture Demolishes the Fake Claims Targeting Julian Assange

Media Lens – TRANSCEND Media Service

13 Feb 2020 - Vested interests may appear to hold all the cards – they work hard to give that impression – but this is only an appearance. The very fact that they work so relentlessly to shape public opinion indicates the precarious nature of their dominance. The problem is inherent, structural – a ‘democratic’ society that subordinates the needs of the many to the needs of the few is a society based on lies. Propaganda obfuscating those lies can be disseminated endlessly, day and night, but it will always be vulnerable to individuals and groups with genuine expertise motivated by genuine concern for others.

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ECONOMICS

Mexico’s Fight for National Banking Revives a Forgotten History

Matthew Ehret | Strategic Culture Foundation – TRANSCEND Media Service

14 Feb 2020 - In [TRANSCEND member] Ellen Brown’s brilliant new article “Mexico’s AMLO Shows How It’s Done”, the researcher and national banking advocate made the powerful point that the only way to properly fight the neo-liberal order is for nations of the west to follow the lead of Mexico’s current President Lopez Obrador who recently announced the creation of a new network of national banks

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REVIEWS

Arendt, Eichmann and the Banalization of Blame

Michael Brenner | HuffPost – TRANSCEND Media Service

Hannah Arendt, who originated the term “banality of evil” in her provocative writings, was not interested in explaining Eichmann’s blandness per se. She had more profound thoughts to convey. He was a symbol of something much deeper. Her forcefully argued conclusions that ordinary people can commit horrific crimes created a furor - a blazing fire of argument and recrimination whose embers smoldered for decades.

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ANIMAL RIGHTS - VEGETARIANISM

How Distressed and Injured Indonesian Civets Are Locked in Tiny Cages and Force-Fed Beans to Make the ‘World’s Most Expensive Coffee’

Chris Pleasance – Daily Mail

The Abuse behind Your Trendy Caffeine Fix - Animals eat and digest the coffee before the beans are ground up and sold for €500 or US$700 per Kilo.

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ANNOUNCEMENTS

New Religion Journalism Award

María-Paz López | International Association of Religion Journalists – TRANSCEND Media Service

Dear TMS editor, I would like to draw your attention to a new journalism award, and to kindly ask you to disseminate the information below to forward it to journalists that may have an interest in submitting entries to the contest. Perhaps also contributors to TRANSCEND can be interested in applying.

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Fully-funded Rotary Peace Fellowship

Sarah Cunningham | Rotary International – TRANSCEND Media Service

13 Feb 2020 - The Rotary Foundation is now accepting applications for the fully-funded 2021 Rotary Peace Fellowship. Up to 130 peace and development leaders are selected globally every year to earn either a master’s degree or a professional development certificate in peace and conflict studies at one of seven Rotary Peace Centers at leading universities around the world. Application deadline: 31 May.

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INSPIRATIONAL

Why Be a Pacifist?

Sarah Freeman-Woolpert | Waging Nonviolence – TRANSCEND Media Service

From developing a pacifist economy to addressing structural injustice, author Tim Gee discusses the challenge and potential of pacifism in the 21st century.

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SPIRITUALITY

Your Thoughts Create Your Future

Stephen Knapp (Sri Nandanandana dasa) – TRANSCEND Media Service

This will show how your thinking creates your consciousness and how to help control it. It provides evidence so that you can see how your life unfolds according to what you draw to it, as dictated by your consciousness and thoughts. By taking the responsibility for yourself and your thinking process, you can make your life more positive and uplifting, reducing or negating the influence of any hurt or negative energies you encounter.

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BIOGRAPHIES

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (22 Feb or 1 Mar 1810 – 17 Oct 1849)

Barbara Smolenska-Zielinska | Our Chopin – TRANSCEND Media Service

The musical talent of Fryderyk became apparent extremely early on, and it was compared with the childhood genius of Mozart. Already at the age of 7, he was the author of two polonaises.... In the summer of 1849, Ludwika Jedrzejewiczowa, the eldest sister of the composer, came from Warsaw to take care of her ill brother. On 17 October 1849, Chopin died of pulmonary tuberculosis in his Parisian flat in the Place Vendôme. He was buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

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POETRY FORMAT

The Mushroom Hunters

Neil Gaiman – TRANSCEND Media Service

Science, as you know, my little one, is the study of the nature and behaviour of the universe. It’s based on observation, on experiment, and measurement, and the formulation of laws to describe the facts revealed.

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ORIGINAL LANGUAGES

(Português) Portugal: Centenas de Pessoas Manifestam-se no Porto pela Libertação do Whistleblower Rui Pinto

Observador – TRANSCEND Media Service

15 Fev 2020 - Mais de 500 pessoas manifestaram-se esta tarde frente ao Tribunal da Relação do Porto para pedir a libertação de Rui Pinto, o whistleblower português que publicou o Football Leaks e o Luanda Leaks, este último expondo Isabel dos Santos, a bilionária filha do ex-Presidente angolano.

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(Português) Manual para Envenenar a Terra

Lee Fang – The Intercept

15 fev 2020 - Embora neonicotinoides, um dos inseticidas mais comuns do mundo, sejam proibidos na UE, uma sofisticada guerra de informações os manteve no mercado americano.

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(Português) Os mercados de espécies silvestres de animais são uma bomba-relógio para epidemias

Fátima ChuEcco - ANDA Agência de Notícias de Direitos Animais

14 fev 2020 - “A criação intensiva de espécies silvestres, caçadas na natureza e mantidas enclausuradas, leva a um ambiente propício para o surgimento e proliferação de diversos vírus, como a recente pandemia de coronavírus”, segundo World Animal Protection.

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(Português) Bangladesh, o País que Menos Consome Carne no Mundo

David Arioch | Vegazeta – TRANSCEND Media Service

8 fev 2020 - Localizado no Sul da Ásia, e com uma grande população de 164,7 milhões de pessoas, onde 86,6% dos habitantes se identificam como muçulmanos, a Nação Bengali, como também é conhecida, não tem uma cultura de alto consumo de carne como ocorre principalmente nas nações mais industrializadas e ricas.

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FOOD FOR THOUGHT

I Had a Dream…

Banksy – TRANSCEND Media Service

Subverting the Status Quo

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IN-DEPTH VIDEOS

Francis Boyle: Wuhan Coronavirus Is an Offensive Biological Warfare Weapon

Geopolitics & Empire – TRANSCEND Media Service

30 Jan 2020 - Dr. Francis Boyle discusses the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China and the Bio-safety Level 4 laboratory (BSL-4) from which he believes the infectious disease escaped. This is also a specially designated World Health Organization research lab and he contends that the WHO knows full well what is occurring.

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SHORT VIDEO CLIPS

Can Masks Protect against the New Coronavirus Infection?

World Health Organization (WHO) – TRANSCEND Media Service

Wearing a medical mask can help limit the spread of some respiratory diseases. However, using a mask alone is not guaranteed to stop infections. Their use should be combined with other preventive measures. Watch this short video to find out more.

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All about That Bass (Music Video of the Week)

PostmodernJukebox – TRANSCEND Media Service

The incredibly talented young performer is Kate Davis, and she’s the real deal. Not only does she possesses the kind of voice that will take you back to the days of Billie Holiday, she can also shred on the upright bass.

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JOKE OF THE WEEK

Dilemma

short.funny – TRANSCEND Media Service

Two donkeys are standing at a roadside, one asks the other: So, shall we cross?

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