Teilhard de Chardin (1 May 1881 – 10 Apr 1955): Evolution toward World Unity
BIOGRAPHIES, 27 Apr 2020
“Why do we hesitate to open our hearts to the call of the world within us, to the sense of the earth. By ‘sense of the earth’ we mean here the passionate sense of common destiny that draws the thinking fraction of life ever forward…Men suffer and vegetate in their isolation; they need the intervention of a higher impulse to force them beyond the dead point at which they are halted and propel them into the region of their deep affinity. The sense of the earth is the irresistible pressure which comes at a given moment to unite them in a common enthusiasm…The age of nations has passed. Now, unless we wish to perish, we must shake off our old prejudices and build the earth.”
— Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
Pierrre Teihard de Chardin, the French paleontologist, whose birth anniversary we mark on 1 May, after a lifetime of study of the evolution of the human species concluded that humanity was entering a new age with a higher, peaceful and more responsible sense of the unity of the world community. He wrote in Activation of Energy,
“It is an amazing thing that in less than a million years the human species has succeeded in covering the earth, and not only spacially. On this surface that is now completely encircled, mankind has completed the construction of a close network of planetary links, so successfully that a special envelope now stretches over the old biosphere. Every day this new integration grows in strength. It may be clearly recognized and distinguished in every quarter. It is provided with its own system of internal connections and communication, and for this I have for a long time proposed the name noosphere.” (1)
Noosphere comes from the Greek word for mind, noos. The proposition that there is a sphere which goes beyond the biosphere, and which in a unique way accommodates the relationships between humans and Nature was first put forward by the Russian scientist-philosopher Vladimir I. Vernadsky in 1894. Teilhard de Chardin and Vernadsky were together in a seminar in Paris of the French philosopher Henri Bergson, and it was in that seminar that the term “noosphere” was proposed for the first time. Teilhard and Verndsky continued to stay in touch through letters, Teilhard being in China and Vernadsky in the USSR where he died in 1945.
For Henri Bergson,(1859-1941) whose best known book is Creative Evolution,(1907) the moter of evolution is an energy which he calls “force vital”. For Teilhard, that energy is called “love”. As he wrote,
“Some day, after mastering winds, waves, tides and gravity, we shall harness for God the energies of love and then, for the second time in the history of the world, man will have discovered fire.”
For Teilhard, love was not an emotion or a sentiment but the basic primal and universal psychic energy. This is a concept drawn from Chinese culture. Teilhard lived in China from 1923 to 1946 and was interested in Chinese thought. (2) The Chinese word jen, a term translated as love, benevolence or affection, is not only an emotional-moral term, but it is also a cosmic force − a compassionate quality that is the very structure of the earth.
Optimism and evolution are the two themes that Teilhard de Chardin leaves with us. He insisted at looking at the human population as one global family, developing a network of mutual support − recognizing the need of global solidarity.
(1) P. Teilhard de Chardin Activation of Energy (New York, 1970)
(2) See Ursula King Towards a New Mysticism: Teilhard de Chardin and Eastern Religions (London, 1980)
René Wadlow is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment. He is President of the Association of World Citizens, an international peace organization with consultative status with ECOSOC, the United Nations organ facilitating international cooperation and problem-solving in economic and social issues, and editor of Transnational Perspectives.
This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 27 Apr 2020.
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