Barcoding Nature: The Largest Global Land Grab in Human History
CAPITALISM, 21 Mar 2022
10 Mar 2022 – The commoditization of nature is justified as being driven by the protection of natural resources. But scratch beneath the surface and the greed and avarice is clear to see. Is the largest corporate land grab in recent history hiding in plain sight?
“We abuse land because we see it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.”
— Aldo Leopold
Have you ever heard of a natural asset company or NAC in short (and we’re not referring here to the glutathione precursor, N-acetyl-cysteine)? It won’t surprise us if you haven’t. We’ve only recently come across the term ourselves and we’re coming to the view that it may facilitate the biggest corporate land grab in recent history. That’s if we, the people, don’t put a stop to it.
If you believe that Nature should never become a commodity that’s bought and sold by a powerful few, read on. The fact that the moneyed minority feel that they have a right to effectively barcode Nature is quite breathtaking in its greed and arrogance. Though not all that surprising when you look at what’s been happening over the past 2 years. We really are being called to ‘clean house’ on so many levels.
We’ve created an infographic (see below) to summarise the plans for the exploitation of what’s now being termed, Nature’s Economy. You can see at a glance the price tag that’s been placed on her head and why suddenly traditional philanthropy — based on giving — has been declared ‘a total failure’ and is being replaced by ‘investment philanthropy’. You’ll be familiar with the names involved in kicking off this new kind of non-giving (aka. taking) philanthropy. If you were wondering how philanthropic investing could be declared a failure, look no further than André Hoffmann, the vice chairman of pharmaceutical giant, Roche.
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What is an NAC?
In September 2021 the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) quietly announced that it had created a new asset class with a listing, “To preserve and restore the natural assets that ultimately underpin the ability for there to be life on Earth”. It looks both innocent and protective. Who doesn’t want to preserve and restore the planetary resources on which we all depend?
However, the subtext is that corporations who fit into this asset class, ‘natural asset company’ (NAC), get to maintain, manage and develop the natural resources on a given piece of land. It’s effectively a fast track to commodifying Nature’s natural resources. Less about protecting nature and more about making money through ‘Nature’s Economy’ — which has been attributed a tantalising price tag.
Source: The Intrinsic Exchange
“Our hope is that owning a natural asset company is going to be a way that an increasingly broad range of investors have the ability to invest in something that’s intrinsically valuable, but, up to this point, was really excluded from the financial markets.”– The Intrinsic Exchange
The NYSE recently unveiled a partnership that’s been two years in the making with the Intrinsic Exchange Group (IEG) to open up investment opportunities in what it calls ‘Nature’s Economy’. IEG describes itself as a ‘pioneering natural asset company’. One of its key investors is the Rockefeller Foundation.
Why exploit natural resources?
The commoditisation of nature is justified as being driven by the protection of natural resources. But scratch beneath the surface and the greed and avarice is clear to see.
Researchers back in 2012 highlighted the danger of ‘green grabbing’ and cited the appropriation of land and resources using ‘green’ credentials to justify the land grab as an emerging process of deep and growing significance. They go as far to say that green grabbing builds on well-known histories of colonial and neo-colonial resource alienation in the name of the environment.
It’s absolutely no surprise then to see the World Economic Forum getting in on the act with its Nature Risk Rising report in 2020. The subtitle is “Why the crisis engulfing Nature matters for business and the economy” and notes, in its second report, The Future of Nature and Business, that, “A new Nature economy could generate up to $10.1 trillion in annual business value and create 395 million jobs by 2030”.
Don’t be fooled by how benevolent and humanitarian it all seems.
Mark Wilson in his 2013 paper, highlights how the so-called ‘green economy’ fails to address five fundamental problems and, thus, has the potential to increase environmental degradation and cause even greater social inequity than we see today:
- Ecosystem services are inherently difficult to price
- The consideration of the rebound effect is insufficient
- Primacy of economics over the environment is ensured
- Markets offer little protection for the poorest people
- Existing market mechanisms aimed at safeguarding the environment have not succeeded.
In addition, in 2022, we echo the following reasons why NACs are likely to be more tempted to act against Nature than for it:
- The ‘assets’ from Nature’s Economy are valued at more than US$4,000 trillion or $4 quadrillion (the current economy is valued at approx. US$512 trillion; that makes the current economy around only 8% the value of the Nature’s Economy)
- Each ‘asset’ will have an owner
- The ownership through NACs allows domination of not just the economy, but the entire natural world
- Removal of freedoms. So many practices today are reframing freedom as a service or a privilege, not a fundamental right
- Owners will dictate who gets access to clean water, clean air, wild spaces and yet untapped, dwindling natural resources.
How do NACs plan to do this?
These new NACs will act a bit like real estate agents for Mother Nature. Imagine a situation where a company is able to pick an area of nature, assign it a price, disenfranchise any prior claimants, take ownership and then sell pieces of that land/lake/ocean/mountain etc. to institutional shareholders — specifically, the multinational corporations who may have funded the NAC in the first place.
If it could be assured that all NACs will be ‘conscious corporates’ this may well be the way to steward and safeguard our future, but history, as well as current events, speaks to a very different outcome.
“NACs will attempt to assign value to services — such as carbon retention, freshwater generation, pest control, groundwater storage and erosion prevention — intrinsically provided by natural resources”
– Kevin Turner & Lara Rios, Holland & Knight Energy and Natural Resources blog – Natural Asset Companies: A Nature-Based Solution to Unlock the Value of Natural Resources
Here are some of the ways in which ‘green’ actions are already netting billions of dollars:
- Carbon offsetting/biodiversity offsets. Offsetting harm caused elsewhere by regreening areas denuded by previous development. Large corporations such as BlackRock, JPMorgan, Disney are investing significant amounts in this area
- Green bonds
- Extraction of natural resources e.g. oil, gas, minerals
- Destruction of natural habitats to grow food
- Greenwashing – the process by which a company conveys a false impression about the environmental credentials of its products and/or services
- Seed patents
- Patenting genetically modified/engineered plants and animals
- Purchasing large swathes of agricultural land. Large investors, such as Bill Gates along with other large investors are making huge inroads into this area
- Control of water supplies.
Working with, not against Nature
The Dasgupta Review describes Nature as “our most precious asset”. We, as humanity, must ensure that our demands on Nature do not exceed its sustainable supply. So many of the things that are destroying the natural world are now being sold as its salvation.
Source: The Dasgupta Review
Green consumption is still consumption. Modern food practices are responsible for almost 60% of global biodiversity loss. Did you know that Indigenous People’s territories account for approximately 80% of the world’s biodiversity? Shame on us in the so-called developed world for letting this happen.
What if, instead of allowing the land grab by the elites, we:
- Removed the word ownership and used stewardship instead?
- Give parts of the natural world legal self-sovereignty e.g. oceans, polar ice caps, rivers & lakes, the top of mountains above a certain level. There’s already a river in New Zealand that has the same legal rights as a human being. Same for Mount Taranaki and a national park. India has granted human rights to the Ganges and Yamuna rivers.
- Encourage local communities to manage the land around them
- Use carbon insetting rather than offsetting, which is about so much more than simply reducing a company’s carbon footprint. It’s about businesses reducing their carbon footprint and carbon sequestration within their value chains. It doesn’t pass the buck to someone else and it ultimately will increase the businesses’ resilience and provide significant, measurable benefits to communities surrounding the value chain
- Prioritise agroecology
- Practise regenerative agriculture
- Reduce consumption of goods to preserve natural resources
- Save and share seeds as a matter of course
- Create and accept a universal declaration of rights for Mother Earth.
Don’t also forget the power of your wallet or purse. How we spend our money has a great impact on which investments see the light of day. Nature doesn’t need investment because it simply ‘is’. But it does need nurturing, and then it will provide for us. Let us give it also the respect it deserves, as our physical bodies are its product.
Meleni Aldridge is executive coordinator.
Melissa Smith is outreach and development officer.
Tags: Capitalism, Commodification of Water, Commodification of the Earth, Earth, Environment, Monopoly Capitalism, Nature's Rights
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