This Week in History

HISTORY, 6 Nov 2023

Satoshi Ashikaga - TRANSCEND Media Service


6 – 12 November 2023

The Video of the Week:

Gaza Palestine 🇵🇸 Walking Tour | Gaza Strip Before The Attack 2023 | فلسطين غزة – YouTube


06 November

1943   World War II: The 1st Ukrainian Front liberates Kyiv from German occupation.

1971  The United States Atomic Energy Commission tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.

[1]      Cannikin Test:

[2]      Hydrogen Bomb:

1985   Colombian conflict, leftist guerrillas of the 19th of April Movement seize control of the Palace of Justice in Bogotá.

2002  Jiang Lijun is detained by Chinese police for signing the Open Letter to the 16th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party.

2016  Syrian civil war: The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) launch an offensive to capture the city of Raqqa from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

[1]      ISIL:

[2]      Syrian Civil War and ISIL:

[3]      ISIL, the U.S. (CIA) and the Syrian Civil War:

[4]      The U.S./CIA Support for ISIL/Syrian Rebles:


07 November

1893  Women’s suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.

1900  The People’s Party is founded in Cuba.

1907  Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de García by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it can explode.

1917  World War I: The Third Battle of Gaza ends, with British forces capturing Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.

1918  The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.

1918  Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.

1920  Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow issues a decree that leads to the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.

1944  Soviet spy Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German World War I veteran, is hanged by his Japanese captors along with 34 of his ring.

[Richard Sorge, Nazis, and Hotsumi Ozaki]

1949  The first oil was taken in Oil Rocks (Neft Daşları), the world’s oldest offshore oil platform.

1956  Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.

[1]      Suez Crisis in the Cold War Era:

[2]     Suez Crisis and the Protocol of Sèvres:

[3]      CIA, MI6, Mossad and the Suez Crisis:


1956  Hungarian RevolutionJános Kádár returns to Budapest in a Soviet armored convoy, officially taking office as the next Hungarian leader. By this point, most armed resistance has been defeated.

1957  Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

1983   Cold War: The command post exercise Able Archer 83 begins, eventually leading to the Soviet Union to place air units in East Germany and Poland on alert, for fear that NATO was preparing for war.

[Able Archer 83]

1989  East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.

2004  Iraq War: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day state of emergency as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.


08 November

1937  The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (“The Eternal Jew”) opens in Munich.

1942  World War IIFrench Resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyist generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers.

[Vichy Regime/Vichy France]

1950  Korean WarUnited States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown, while piloting an F-80 Shooting Star, shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.

1957  Operation Grapple X, Round C1: The United Kingdom conducts its first successful hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific.

1965  The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos ArchipelagoAldabraFarquhar and Des Roches islands.

1968  The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic is signed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by standardizing the uniform traffic rules among the signatories.

2002  Iraq disarmament crisisUN Security Council Resolution 1441: The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences”.

2004  Iraq War: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.

2006 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The Israeli Defense Force kill 19 Palestinian civilians in their homes during the shelling of Beit Hanoun.

2020  Myanmar holds the 2020 general election, re-electing a government led by the National League for Democracy, which is deposed by the Burmese military the following February during the 2021 Myanmar coup d’état.


09 November

1917  The Balfour Declaration is published in The Times newspaper.:

[1]      Britain’s True Motivation Behind the Balfour Declaration:

[2]      The letter that led to the founding of Israel:

1953  Cambodia gains independence from France.

1965  A Catholic Worker Movement member, Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam Warsets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.

1970  Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6–3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.

1979  Cold WarNuclear false alarm: The NORAD computers and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Fort Ritchie, Maryland detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After reviewing the raw data from satellites and checking the early-warning radars, the alert is cancelled.

1989  Cold War: Fall of the Berlin WallEast Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel to West Berlin.

1993  Stari Most, the “old bridge” in the Bosnian city of Mostar, built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing by Croat forces during the Croat–Bosniak War.

1994  The chemical element darmstadtium is discovered.

1998  Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offenses.

2014  A non-binding self-determination consultation is held in Catalonia, asking Catalan citizens their opinion on whether Catalonia should become a state and, if so, whether it should be an independent state

2020  Second Nagorno-Karabakh War: An armistice agreement is signed by ArmeniaAzerbaijan and Russia.

[Second Nagorno-Karabakh War]


10 November

1821  Cry of Independence by Rufina Alfaro at La Villa de Los SantosPanama setting into motion a revolt which led to Panama’s independence from Spain and to it immediately becoming part of Colombia.

1918  The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, receives a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa and Washington, D.C.) that said on November 11, 1918, all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.

1942  World War II: Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan‘s agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.

1970  Vietnam WarVietnamization: For the first time in five years, an entire week ends with no reports of American combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.

[Vietnam War]

1975  Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the United Nations General Assembly passes Resolution 3379, determining that Zionism is a form of racism.

[UNGA Resolution 3379 and Its Revocation]

1989  Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall.

2006  Sri Lankan Tamil politician Nadarajah Raviraj is assassinated in Colombo.

[1]      Sri Lankan Civil War:

[2]      War Crimes in the Sri Lanka:

[3]      Sri Lanka and the Foreign Intelligence Community:

2020  Armenia and Azerbaijan sign a ceasefire agreement, ending the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War, and prompting protests in Armenia.


11 November

1215  The Fourth Council of the Lateran meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are, by that doctrine, said to transform into the body and blood of Christ.

1865  Treaty of Sinchula is signed whereby Bhutan cedes the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.

1918  World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne.

1919  Latvian forces defeat the West Russian Volunteer Army at Riga in the Latvian War of Independence.

1923  Adolf Hitler is arrested in Munich for high treason for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.

1940  World War II: The German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail from the Automedon, and sends it to Japan.

1962  Kuwait‘s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.

1965  Southern Rhodesia‘s Prime Minister Ian Smith unilaterally declares the colony independent as the unrecognised state of Rhodesia.

1967  Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom PenhCambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden.

1968  Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.

[1]      Timeline of the Vietnam War:

[2]      Commando Hunt: 11-November 1968 to 29 March 1972:

1972  Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.

1975  Independence of Angola.

2004  The Palestine Liberation Organization confirms the death of Yasser Arafat from unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.


12 November

1912  First Balkan War: King George I of Greece makes a triumphal entry into Thessaloniki after its liberation from 482 years of Ottoman rule.

1918  Dissolution of Austria-Hungary: Austria becomes a republic.

1920  Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.

1927  Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.

1933  Nazi Germany uses a referendum to ratify its withdrawal from the League of Nations.

1938 Nazi Germany issues the Decree on the Elimination of Jews from Economic Life prohibiting Jews from selling goods and services or working in a trade, totally segregating Jews from the German economy.

1940  World War II: The Battle of Gabon ends as Free French Forces take LibrevilleGabon, and all of French Equatorial Africa from Vichy French forces.

1940  World War II: Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov arrives in Berlin to discuss the possibility of the Soviet Union joining the Axis Powers.

1948  Aftermath of World War II: In Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East sentences seven Japanese military and government officials.

1956  MoroccoSudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.

1956  In the midst of the Suez CrisisPalestinian refugees are shot dead in Rafah by Israel Defense Force soldiers following the invasion of the Gaza Strip.

1969  Vietnam War: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the story of the My Lai Massacre.

1971  Vietnam War: As part of Vietnamization, U.S. President Richard Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.

[1]      Vietnam War:

[2]      Protest Music of the Vietnam War:

1975  The Comoros joins the United Nations.

1977  France conducts the Oreste nuclear test as 14th in the group of 29, 1975–78 French nuclear tests series.

[1]      French Nuclear Tests:

[2]      French Nuclear Tests in Polynesia:

1982  USSRYuri Andropov becomes the General Secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.

1990  Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan.

1990  Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.

1991  Santa Cruz massacre: The Indonesian Army open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.

2001  War in AfghanistanTaliban forces abandon Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.

[1]      The U.S. War in Afghanistan:

[2]      G.W.Bush, Enron, UNOCAL, D. Cheney and Halliburton:

[3]      The U.S. National/Corporate Interest in Afghanistan:

[4]      From 9/11 to the U.S. War in Afghanistan:

[5]      Operation Northwoods, 9/11 and the War on Terrorism?:


Satoshi Ashikaga is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment. Having worked as researcher, development program/project officer, legal protection/humanitarian assistance officer, human rights monitor-negotiator, managing-editor, and more, he prefers a peaceful and prudent life.  His previous work experiences, including those in war zones and war-torn zones, constantly remind him of the invaluableness of peace.


This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 6 Nov 2023.

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