This Week in History
HISTORY, 4 May 2015
QUOTE OF THE WEEK:
“This day will never come again and anyone who fails to eat and drink and taste and smell it will never have it offered to him again in all eternity. The sun will never shine as it does today… But you must play your part and sing a song, one of your best. ” – Hermann Hesse
1974 An all-female Japanese team reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.
1970 Vietnam War: Kent State shootings: the Ohio National Guard, sent to Kent State University after disturbances in the city of Kent the weekend before, opens fire killing four unarmed students and wounding nine others. The students were protesting the United States’ invasion of Cambodia.
1945 World War II: Denmark is granted liberation, when Germany was forced to step out of Denmark thus ending 5 years of occupation.
1942 World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea begins with an attack by aircraft from the United States aircraft carrier USS Yorktown on Japanese naval forces at Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese forces had invaded Tulagi the day before.
1910 The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
- Panama Canal: Troubled History, Astounding Turnaround
- The Panama Canal; The Strategic Importance of A Waterway
- Panama Canal – Strategic Imperative
- Theodore Roosevelt and the Panama Canal
- A Plan for Strategic Use of Land’s around Panama’s Canal
1836 Formation of Ancient Order of Hibernians
1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site.
1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.
1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site.
1955 West Germany gains full sovereignty.
- Why did the West allow West Germany independence after WWII?
- Germany’s sovereignty restricted by US and allies, insider’s book claims
- This Day in History: May 5, 1955: Allies end occupation of West Germany
- Essay UK: Examine Kadenauer’s policy: Pushing West Germany’s policy by integration into the west
- West Germany: Timeline
- International Military Tribunal for the Far East Charter
- Judgement: International Military Tribunal for the Far East
- The Tokyo War Crimes Trials (1946 – 1948)
- International Military Tribunals [Proceedings]
- List of war crimes
- Crimes of War
- com: War Crimes
- Japanese war crimes
- org: The Tokyo War Crimes Trials (1946 – 1948)
- 10 Japanese Atrocities From World War II
- Japanese War Crimes in WWII (8 Pics)
- Book: Hidden horrors: Japanese war crimes in World War II, by Toshiyuki Tanaka, Westview Press, 1996
- com: Japanese War Crimes Trials
- This Day in History: December 23, 1948: Japanese war criminal hanged in Tokyo
- Radhabinod Pal
- Koki Hirota
- Nobusuke Kishi
- How the United States protected Japanese war criminals
- Why Japan Can’t Come to Terms with its Past
1944 German troops execute 216 civilians in the village of Kleisoura in Greece
1925 The government of South Africa declares Afrikaans an official language.
2012 More than 1,000 birds, mostly pelicans and hundreds of dolphins die off the coast in the north of Peru, under unexplained circumstances.
- Dead Dolphins and Birds Are Causing Alarm in Peru
- Peru examines deaths of more than 500 pelicans
- Mass animal deaths cause many to search for answers
- Mass Animal Deaths for 2012
1997 The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most significant change in the bank’s 300-year history.
1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk, USSR.
1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk, USSR.
- Armenian-genocide.org: Armenian Genocide
- com: Armenian Genocide
- org: Armenian Genocide
- Case Study: The Armenian Genocide (1915 – 1917)
- Armenians in Turkey (1915 – 1918) 1,500,000 Deaths
- Armenian Genocide Recognition
- Recognize the Armenian Genocide
- Who Does Not Recognize the Armenian Genocide? Why?
- Armenian Genocide: Why Many Turkish people have trouble accepting it?
- The Armenian genocide in modern Turkey’s official denialism: A hundred shades of denial
- The 1915 Armenian Genocide – Why Is It Still Denied By Turkey (And the U.S.)?
- Ocalan: Turkey, World Should Recognize Armenian Genocide
- Turkish academia and the Armenian genocide
- Can’t Understand Why Turkey does not recognize the Armenian Genocide
- Why UK and USA do not recognize Armenian Genocide?
1962 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean.
1960 The Civil Rights Act of 1960 is enacted.
1916 Twenty-one Lebanese nationalists executed in the Martyrs’ Square, Beirut by Jamal Pasha, the Ottoman wāli.
- Militants Behead American Hostage in Iraq
- Video shows beheading American captive
- Why Muslims Behead “Infidels?”
- Islam and Beheading
- Why Do Muslims Behead People?
- Why Beheadings Are Back as Excursion Method of Choice for Islamic Terrorists
- Decapitation and the Muslim World
- Islam Beheaded
2000 Vladimir Putin is inaugurated as president of Russia.
- A Kosovo Chronology
- NATO Bombing of Yugoslavia
- A Review of NATO’s War over Kosovo, by Noam Chomsky
- The Kosovo war: between two eras
- Humanitarian intervention
- Is Humanitarian Intervention Legal? The Rule of Law in an Incoherent World
- Humanitarian Intervention and Pretexts of War
- “Humanitarian Intervention” and International Humanitarian Law
- Is humanitarian military intervention against international law, or are there exceptions?
1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR.
1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.
- Christmas Island Bomb Tests
- Christmas Island Bomb Tests: Picture Gallery 2
- Nuclear Test Sites
- See May 7, 1962, of Chronology of the United States.
- Gallery of the U.S. Nuclear Tests
- US Atmospheric tests Page
- US nuclear tests – Radiochemistry
1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees.
1942 During the Battle of the Coral Sea, United States Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attack and sink the Japanese Imperial Navy light aircraft carrier Shōhō. The battle marks the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
1920 Kiev Offensive: Polish troops led by Józef Piłsudski and Edward Rydz-Śmigły and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force capture Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
1915 Japanese 21 Demands Ultimatum to China (Commemorated as National Day of Humiliation)
- History, identity, security: Producing and consuming nationalism in China
- China, Japan and the Twenty-One Demands
- China’s External Relations – A History: 1915, 21 Demands – Japan
1915 World War I: German submarine U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against the German Empire
1895 In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver. In some parts of the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.
- Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 26 March 1827)
- Ethics of the Future
- Beethoven 9th Symphony. The Ode to Joy.
- Beethoven’s Ninth symphony: translation and text
- Furtwängler conducts Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in 1942, 1951 and 1954
- YouTube: Symphony No. 9 – Beethoven
- 1984 Summer Olympics Boycott
- Boycott of 1980 & 1984
- Olympics and the Cold War: The 1980 and 1984 Boycotts of the Summer Games
- The Cold War and the Olympic Movement
1973 A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and the American Indian Movement members occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota ends with the surrender of the militants.
- Black September: Political organization, Palestine
- Black September: Jordanian history
- This Week in History: Israeli commandos retake Flight 571
1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.
1945 Dissolution and surrender of Nazi Germany and all its forces.
- Victory in Europe Day (VE Day)
- German instrument of surrender
- Surrender of Germany, May 8, 1945
- Radio report of the surrender of Germany
- The War in Europe Is Ended!
1945 End of the Prague uprising, celebrated now as a national holiday in the Czech Republic.
1942 World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebel in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny is crushed and three of them are executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
1942 World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end with Japanese Imperial Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attacking and sinking the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington. The battle marks the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
1933 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against the British rule in India.
- The Significance Of Fasting In Hinduism
- Fasting in Hinduism
- Hinduism – Rules for Fasting
- Fasting: Energy, Activity, and Resistance
- How Fasting Brings Spiritual Power
- Day 18: Mohandas Gandhi: Fasting and voice of God
2002 The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected terrorists among them deported to several different countries.
1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island.
1950 Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, which according to him was indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the “Schuman declaration“, is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
1945 World War II: The Channel Islands are liberated by the British after five years of German occupation.
1945 World War II: Ratification in Berlin-Karlshorst of the German unconditional surrender of May 8 in Rheims, France, with the signatures of Marshal Georgy Zhukov for the Soviet Union, and for the Western Headquarters Sir Arthur Tedder, British Air Marshal and Eisenhower’s deputy, and for the German side of Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
1942 Holocaust: The SS murders 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The Zoludek Ghetto (in Belarus) is destroyed and all its inhabitants murdered or deported.
1904 The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h).
2012 The Damascus bombings are carried out using a pair of car bombs detonated by suicide bombers outside of a military intelligence complex in Damascus, Syria, killing 55 people and injuring 400 others
1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1940 World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom.
1940 World War II: German raids on British shipping convoys and military airfields begin.
1922 The United States annexes the Kingman Reef.
1904 The Horch & Cir. Motorwagenwerke AG is founded.
1877 Romania declares itself independent from the Ottoman Empire following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogălniceanu‘s Declaration of Independence. Recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence.
Satoshi Ashikaga is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace, Development and Environment originally from Japan.
(Sources and references: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_4 to 10; http://www.historyorb.com/events/may/4 to 10; http://www.brainyhistory.com/days/may_4.html to 10.html; and other pertinent websites and/or documents, mentioned above.) Note that the views expressed in the cited or quoted websites and/or documents in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the editor/complier of this article. These websites and/or documents are cited or quoted for academic or educational purposes.
This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 4 May 2015.
Anticopyright: Editorials and articles originated on TMS may be freely reprinted, disseminated, translated and used as background material, provided an acknowledgement and link to the source, TMS: This Week in History, is included. Thank you.
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