Remaining Peaceful Was Their Choice


Kathy Kelly – TRANSCEND Media Service

31 Dec 2017 – People living now in Yemen’s third largest city, Ta’iz, have endured unimaginable circumstances for the past three years. Civilians fear to go outside lest they be shot by a sniper or step on a land mine. Both sides of a worsening civil war use Howitzers, Kaytushas, mortars and other missiles to shell the city. Residents say no neighborhood is safer than another, and human rights groups report appalling violations, including torture of captives. Two days ago, a Saudi-led coalition bomber killed 54 people in a crowded market place.

Before the civil war developed, the city was regarded as the official cultural capital of Yemen, a place where authors and academics, artists and poets chose to live. Ta’iz was home to a vibrant, creative youth movement during the 2011 Arab Spring uprising. Young men and women organized massive demonstrations to protest the enrichment of entrenched elites as ordinary people struggled to survive.

The young people were exposing the roots of one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world today.

They were sounding an alarm about the receding water tables which made wells ever harder to dig and were crippling the agricultural economy. They were similarly distressed over unemployment. When starving farmers and shepherds moved to cities, the young people could see how the increased population would overstress already inadequate systems for sewage, sanitation and health care delivery. They protested their government’s cancellation of fuel subsidies and the skyrocketing prices which resulted. They clamored for a refocus on policy away from wealthy elites and toward creation of jobs for high school and university graduates.

Despite their misery, they steadfastly opted for unarmed, nonviolent struggle.

Dr. Sheila Carapico, an historian who has closely followed Yemen’s modern history, noted the slogans adopted by demonstrators in Ta’iz and in Sana’a, in 2011: ‘Remaining Peaceful Is Our Choice,’ and ‘Peaceful, Peaceful, No to Civil War.’”

Carapico adds that some called Ta’iz the epicenter of the popular uprising. “The city’s relatively educated cosmopolitan student body entertained demonstration participants with music, skits, caricatures, graffiti, banners and other artistic embellishments. Throngs were photographed: men and women together; men and women separately, all unarmed.”

In December of 2011, 150,000 people walked nearly 200 kilometers from Ta’iz to Sana’a, promoting their call for peaceful change. Among them were tribal people who worked on ranches and farms. They seldom left home without their rifles, but had chosen to set aside their weapons and join the peaceful march.

Yet, those who ruled Yemen for over thirty years, in collusion with Saudi Arabia’s neighboring monarchy which fiercely opposed democratic movements anywhere near its borders, negotiated a political arrangement meant to co-opt dissent while resolutely excluding a vast majority of Yemenis from influence on policy. They ignored demands for changes that might be felt by ordinary Yemenis and facilitated instead a leadership swap, replacing the dictatorial President Ali Abdullah Saleh with Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, his vice-president, as an unelected president of Yemen.

The U.S. and neighboring petro-monarchies backed the powerful elites. At a time when Yemenis desperately needed funding to meet the needs of starving millions, they ignored the pleas of peaceful youths calling for demilitarized change, and poured funding into “security spending” – a misleading notion which referred to further military buildup, including the arming of client dictators against their own populations.
And then the nonviolent options were over, and civil war began.
Now the nightmare of famine and disease those peaceful youths had anticipated has become a horrid reality, and their city of Ta’iz is transformed into a battlefield.

What could we wish for Ta’iz? Surely, we wouldn’t wish the terror plague of aerial bombardment to cause death, mutilation, destruction and multiple traumas. We wouldn’t wish for shifting battle lines to stretch across the city and the rubble in its blood-marked streets. I think most people in the U.S. wouldn’t wish such horror on any community and wouldn’t want people in Ta’iz to be singled out for further suffering. We could instead build massive campaigns demanding a U.S. call for a permanent cease fire and an end of all weapon sales to any of the warring parties. But, if the U.S. continues to equip the Saudi-led coalition, selling bombs to Saudi Arabia and the UAE and refueling Saudi bombers in midair so they can continue their deadly sorties, people in Taiz and throughout Yemen will continue to suffer.

The beleaguered people in Ta’iz will anticipate, every day, the sickening thud, ear-splitting blast or thunderous explosion that could tear apart the body of a loved one, or a neighbor, or a neighbors’ child; or turn their homes to masses of rubble, and alter their lives forever or end their lives before the day is through.


Kathy Kelly is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment, an American peace activist, pacifist and author, one of the founding members of Voices in the Wilderness, and currently a co-coordinator Voices for Creative Nonviolence. Three times since 2000, she has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. As part of peace teamwork in several countries, she has traveled to Iraq twenty-six times, notably remaining in combat zones during the early days of both US-Iraq wars. Her recent travel has focused on Afghanistan and Gaza, along with domestic protests against U.S. drone policy. She has been arrested more than sixty times at home and abroad, and written of her experiences among targets of U.S. military bombardment and inmates of U.S. prisons. She lives in Chicago.

This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 1 Jan 2018.

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2 Responses to “Remaining Peaceful Was Their Choice”

  1. rosemerry says:

    Kathy Kelly is one of the outstanding peace activists of our time. Never is she negative, despondent, giving up her struggle despite the atrocious events constantly surrounding her active work to help those in need in so many dangerous places. All through the 1990s she visited Iraq, helping those damaged and displaced by the US attacks, being imprisoned in the USA many times for this “illegal” action, and writing a wonderful book “Other Lands Have Dreams”. To think that POTUS Obama was given the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009 when Kathy was a contender!!!!! Ever since 2001 she has visited Afghanistan and set up essential projects for youth and women, and she never stops her influence on all of us who care but cannot or will not be so active. Now her words on Yemen need to be heard widely.I for one had never heard of Ta’iz, but of course all of Yemen needs help and the US, UK and other nations make the situation worse with the arms sales to Saudi Arabia, even if the populations in the “Western” countries do not want this killing to go on.

  2. Gary Corseri. says:

    I whole-heartedly second Rosemerry’s comment on Kathy Kelly–a woman I’ve been honored to meet on a couple of occasions, chat with a bit. Kathy has an “aura,” a “charisma” that has nothing to do with the pseudo-celebrity status that so many of our politicians, media and academic pundits, and even professional actors and actresses crave. She’s genuine. One feels kindness, wisdom and strength emanating from her.

    That people like Kathy Kelly and Johan Galtung are “passed over” by the Nobel Prize committee shows us what a sham that once honorable prize has become.

    But, more importantly, the steadfastness and clarity of a Kathy Kelly, a Johan Galtung, can inspire the rest of us to listen better, to observe better, to discern more clearly what is true and what is false.

    Yemen is another tragedy to add to the ledger in 2018! “The Fire next time,” the Biblical God told Moses, and our world seems to be burning up before our eyes with hatred, greed and stupidity. Shiva, the destructive god of Hinduism, whirls in a fiery dance at the end of one of the great cycles of creation and destruction. One wonders: Do we have the courage, will and wisdom to reconstruct a greater humanity, an enduring planet? Can we awaken in time?