Transition from a Unipolar to a Multipolar Octagonal World


Johan Galtung | World Public Forum, Dialogue of Civilizations – TRANSCEND Media Service

Feb 17, 2015

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages, including 50 Years-100 Peace and Conflict Perspectives published by TRANSCEND University Press. His book, Transcend and Transform, was translated to 25 languages. He has published more than 1700 articles and book chapters and over 500 Editorials for TRANSCEND Media Service. More information about Prof. Galtung and all of his publications can be found at

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This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 27 May 2019.

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One Response to “Transition from a Unipolar to a Multipolar Octagonal World”

  1. Sam Baldwin says:

    Pro. Guntung start with many assumptions. First, he assumes a body of knowledge and understanding similar to his. So he is assuming we have been reading his materials for many years. His audience is therefore limited.
    I was surprised that the word “corruption” is never spoken. If anything has become oblivious, corruption within governments, UN, religions, politics is common. This corruption infects and damages all levels of human governances. Pro. Guntung assumes humans will always labor for the greater good happily, he is wrong.
    Pro. Guntung does understand the need for the coexistence of cultures and religions. He also understands the need for economic minimums. But how does that work? Currently, we have rural areas working and supplying resources to urban areas and urban areas value adding to these resources and distributing the resources. My question is, “does Prof. Guntung assume rural areas become modern day surfs who labor to provide resources for free”. A living wage! Does that mean he would set the price for resources? If markets do not decide prices, then who does? Rural areas do not have the votes in democracies and lack the means of distribution.
    It appears Prof. Is lost in idealism and has been circling his own ideas for to long.
    I do like the part about how we should stop listening to “talking heads”.