Articles by Johan Galtung

We found 852 results.


(Italiano) Un mondo senza uccisioni del (l’Impero) USA?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Nov 2018

9 novembre 2018 – Un mondo senza uccisioni US sarebbe un grosso contributo a una pace negativa, al “mondo non omicida” di Glenn Paige; il suo paese, con o senza pena di morte, che smette di uccidere ovunque capiti. Sta arrivando. E in quanto a US e una pace positiva? Potrebbero meno uccisioni US contribuire anche a quello? Anche ciò è in arrivo, come mutamento della mentalità US.

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A World without US (Empire) Killing?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Nov 2018

A world without US killing would be a major contribution to negative peace, to Glenn Paige’s “non-killing world”. His own country with or without death penalty stopping killing all over. It is coming. What about US and positive peace? Could less US killing also contribute to that? It is also coming, as a change in US mentality. There are many signs in that direction recently, as an expression of Washington now seeing the limits to “politics by military means”.

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Transition from a Unipolar to a Multipolar Octagonal World
Johan Galtung | Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute – TRANSCEND Media Service, 22 Oct 2018

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, was awarded among others the 1987 High Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the only author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages. He has published more than 1500 articles and book chapters and over 500 Editorials for TRANSCEND Media Service.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Oct 2018

The pandemic of violence continues. In addition, there seems to be something new and very serious coming up: a general devaluation of human life–making killing, even genocide, easier, more like disposal of garbage. Of the Right to Life, Art 3 in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, one hears nothing, let alone of the sacredness of human life as a divine gift.

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Uprising and the End of Empire
Johan Galtung | Alternate Focus – TRANSCEND Media Service, 10 Sep 2018

Peace mediator Johan Galtung gives his analysis of the uprisings in the Arab world as an indicator the era of Western domination in the region is coming to an end.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Sep 2018

“Mob protests in Germany show vigor of far right”, in Chemnitz. Neo-nazis. Nazism was about race–Bolshevism about class. Churchill about both–so it is probably skin color, not religion. As expected. There are difficult, bad times ahead.

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Meanwhile, around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Aug 2018

The state of the world is right now going from bad to worse, with more violence or threats thereof; an epidemic, even pandemic, of violence. And more inequality within and between countries and money buying votes in fake elections and politicians in fake democracies turning plutocracies run by money. And nature insulted; less diversity and less symbiosis with CFCs in the ozone layer.

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Meanwhile, around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Jul 2018

There are many summit meetings, usually with Trump. “Good chemistry” is not sufficient, nor is it necessary. Peace may come about in spite of, not because of, the summits. Summiteers might come further focusing on “how can we be good to each other” than on “how can we stop being bad”. Positive approach.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Jun 2018

The world may be losing a peace opportunity in the USA-North Korea conflict. With NK nuclear-tipped missiles capable of reaching mainland USA something close to “balance of power” had been obtained, by many seen as the key to peace via “mutual and balanced” disarmament even to “general and complete disarmament”.

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Achieving Peace
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 14 May 2018

Inter-University Center, Dubrovnik – University of Oslo, Norway 1975

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 May 2018

The violence pandemic continues, unabated, particularly in the USA. There is interest in peace but not much in doing anything about it. And even less in what this column recommends with 60 years experience: identify and solve underlying conflicts, concile underlying traumas. Not easy. But feasible, if the will is there. A 2-point agenda.

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Confronting Islamophobia
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 23 Apr 2018

They are up against emirs and pashas not gladly ceding privileges to a carpet dotted with imams. IS–not ISIS, ISL, DAESH–the Islamic State, backing politically-militarily the Islamic Caliphate (IC), understands this, and relates directly to imams. The West got lost in the image of Syria as a Western colony, which it also was from 1916 (Sykes-Picot).

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Structural Analysis and Chemical Models
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 23 Apr 2018

1974 – The goal of this very simple exploration has been not to lose contact with the socially relevant. One socially relevant factor is what might be called structural imagination, where a look at a textbook of organic chemistry and a textbook of, say, sociology, gives a clear indication of where this factor is more developed. Social scientists talk about human and social variety, the specialists in organic chemistry not only talk about it, but present it and produce it. In this there is much to learn, but there is also much to learn from the way chemistry has managed to integrate empirical and constructive approaches.

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A Note on Mathematics and Curricula
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Apr 2018

A study is going on comparing mathematics curricula in various countries. Interesting to see ‘what’ they have picked up, and ‘why.’ What follows is some reasoning about the what and the why.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Apr 2018

As usual, many truths emerge, very much worth knowing. A world trying to substitute economic for military power should try to use better cultural power, also as spiritual power: “Pope Francis offers a different model of power”, with very very concrete proposals. May he reach the corridors of power; they are fortunate enough to co-exist in time with this giant.

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The World after Trump, Netanyahu and Rajoy
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Apr 2018

Easter 2018 – We may soon be witnessing those powerful politicians fizzling out. Trump is seen as “unleveled”, “incompetent”; Netanyahu is framed as “corrupt”; and Rajoy for pillaging the state to support his party. However, true or not, the real reasons are their failed policies.

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(Italiano) Non guerra al terrorismo ma dialogo per delle soluzioni
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Mar 2018

9 marzo 2018 – Sono seduto a un tavolo da qualche parte in Afghanistan. Al tavolo ci sono tre taliban; pashtun come la gran parte dei taliban. La mia domanda iniziale è quella standard: “Come sarebbe l’Afghanistan dove vi piacerebbe vivere?”, con domande successive altrettanto standard: “Che cos’è il peggio che vi è capitato?” e “C’è stato un periodo buono in passato?”

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“Decline and Fall” of the US Empire – Introduction to the American Edition
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Mar 2018

America itself may look at the map and discover that they are located in North America, with two neighbors, big in population and in land, and conclude that MEX-US-CAN, Mexuscan, makes a lot of sense. At least worth contemplating. Making USA not America First as somebody proclaims while producing America Last. But America Normal.

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A Stream of Consciousness about Stream of Time
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Mar 2018

This essay about time is actually about human dignity. We are not drifting along something called time willy-nilly, like falling down pulled by something called gravity. Time is change; being masters of much change relevant to us we can create new contexts and call that moving forward in time, and recreate old contexts and call that moving backward in time.

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(Italiano) 15 casi di politica estera USA costruttiva / distruttiva
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Mar 2018

Una teoria è qualcosa verificabile lungo i suoi margini (Quine), quel che se ne deduce; e per me il “margine” fondamentale è l’azione implicata e le sue conseguenze.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Mar 2018

The world is getting worse. Violence used to cluster around the global power of USA and the regional power of Israel. Now two more:
“The unstoppable growing power of China.”
“Erdögan’s Neo-Ottomanism at a Dangerous Turning Point.” And “Military buildup on the reefs” in South China Sea.

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Not War on Terrorism but Dialogue for Solutions
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Feb 2018

I am sitting somewhere in Afghanistan. Across the table are three Taliban; Pashtuns like most Taliban. My opening question is standard: “What does the Afghanistan look like where you would like to live?” with some equally standard follow-up questions: “What is the worst that happened to you?”, and “Was there a good period in the past?”

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Letter of Concern to Oxford University Press regarding Dr Jacques Leider and ORE Asian History Series
Noam Chomsky, Johan Galtung, Maung Zarni, et al. - TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Feb 2018

5 Feb 2018 – Oxford University Press, Myanmar Genocide, & Its Choice of Dr Leider as the Expert on Rohingyas

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15 Cases: Constructive vs Destructive U.S. Foreign Policies
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Feb 2018

The right column is sadly familiar; add more recent cases. The left column also carries an element of sadness but nothing really radical; more like common sense that could easily be translated into political practice. A theory is something tested along its edges (Quine); what you deduce from the theory–and to me the key “edge”–is its action-consequences.

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Missing: Conflict Literacy, Peace Literacy
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Feb 2018

I feel sad. I feel betrayed. I am in the West, the West is in me. Unrealistic are the present US-EU policies. Whoever moves too far away from reality will be punished: USA by being isolated, EU by warfare turning potential friends into enemies. If they want to go down, continue. Alternative: join the world. So, permit me two wishes, two dreams.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 29 Jan 2018

One thing is wealth, another is life expectancy: Japan and Spain are Nos. 1 and 2, Norway No. 14, USA No. 25. No doubt the Japanese diet based on le cru, not le cuit, and the Spanish Mediterranean diet, also based on the sea, the plains and the mountains, play major roles… A small but important signal from La Nucia in Spain: no more permits to build new houses for some time. La Nucia wants to stop growing. 30,000 inhabitants in 2030 is the limit; with no limitation on restoration, beauty, art, well-being.

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(Italiano) Due modi d’essere Occidentali: Cristianesimo e Scienza
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 22 Jan 2018

5 gennaio 2018 – Due istituzioni basilari nella storia e nella vita individuale occidentali: il Cristianesimo – che offre Salvezza a coloro che seguono le leggi e i comandamenti, e la Scienza, che offre la Verità a coloro che credono alle leggi scientifiche.

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American Diplomacy with North Korea and Vietnam
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 8 Jan 2018

There seems to be a stalemate, with 8 million or so in and around Seoul being as hostages to North Korean artillery should there be a US attack. North Korea will not launch a first strike, but they want to show USA-Japan-the World that they are equal to USA in offensive capability with an invulnerability of force and value–people–unmatched in human history. Mantra: “1952” NEVER AGAIN!

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Two Ways of Being Western: Christianity and Science
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jan 2018

Two basic institutions in Western history and individual lives: Christianity offering Salvation to those following Laws, Commandments, and Science offering Truth to those who believe in scientific laws. After Enlightenment ushered in a godless world, one is waning and the other vexing, seen as antithetical to each other.

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Johan Galtung’s Acceptance Speech of the People’s Nobel in Sweden
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Dec 2017

2 Dec 2017 – The People’s Peace Prize According to Nobel’s Will
Celebration-Seminar-Banquet, Orust Peace Movement at Svanvik, Sweden

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The TRANSCEND Method: Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means
Johan Galtung | Governance and Social Development Resource Centre – TRANSCEND Media Service, 27 Nov 2017

The TRANSCEND Method is based on the central thesis that to prevent violence and develop the creative potential of a conflict, there has to be transformation. At the root of the method is the understanding of conflict as incompatible goals, meaning as a problem to be solved; not as incompatible parties (persons, countries etc.), meaning as one or more parties to be controlled (usually not oneself).

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 27 Nov 2017

Trump is trumping himself by making America Last, not in the sense of long-lasting, but in the sense of going down. There is something to learn for those receptive to learning, and Islam puts it forcefully: togetherness, and sharing. We would add: as equally as possible. But Trump politics is the opposite of that, and the price is increasing. And so is today also much of Muslim politics, to their detriment.

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(Italiano) Frattanto, nel mondo…
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Oct 2017

18 ottobre 2017 -C’è stato quello che può risultare il più violento massacro bianco USA di sempre: 59 uccisi dal 32° piano di un albergo di Las Vegas. L’assassino viene ora criminalizzato, psichiatrizzato, individualizzato, caratterizzato. Ma il massacro è stato sistematico; con potenti forze per la competizione e per la violenza; ne consegue come la competizione USA sia la più violenta.

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Mediation Culture for Conflict Transformation
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Oct 2017

Four important concepts: mediation, culture, conflict, transformation. What do they stand for and how do they relate to each other?

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After Nuclear Disarmament – What?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 Oct 2017

A timeless piece worth of reflection as the [im]morality and [il]legality of nuclear weaponry made it to the UNGA resulting in the approval of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the International Campaign Against Nuclear Weapons-ICAN.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 Oct 2017

What a year, this 2017! 500 years ago Luther’s theses; 150 years ago Marx’ Das Kapital, 100 years ago Lenin’s Bolshevik Revolution; shaking Rome’s control of Europe, and Europe’s control of the world. Usually the Norwegian Nobel Peace Prizes are compliant with the foreign policy of Norway; this time not. The next step is to solve conflicts between nuclear powers, like USA vs N. Korea, West vs Russia.

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(Italiano) Mondo, dove stai andando?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Oct 2017

E’ morto Liu Xiaobo. Qual è la – non così occultata – verità su di lui?
Risposta: I suoi discorsi e scritti rivelano entusiasmo per i 100 anni di colonizzazione inglese di Hong Kong, auspicando 300 anni di colonizzazione della Cina, commemorando la guerra USA in Afghanistan, manifestando speranza nelle armi nucleari. Ha ottenuto il Premio Nobel per la Pace per la democratizzazione della Cina, ha avuto libertà di parola, ma il premio è stato inteso come una provocazione. Il premio avrebbe potuto essere assegnato fuor di dubbio alla loro Charta 08, non a Liu Xiaobo.

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(Italiano) Arrivederci, a… (chissà)!
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Oct 2017

29 settembre 2017 – Ce l’abbiam fatta! Per cinquecento lunedì [dal 3 Marzo 2008] Antonio del Brasile-Portogallo ha pubblicato un mio editoriale dalla Norvegia e dal mondo – talora con un coautore. Con il valido sostegno degli altri membri del nostro comitato editoriale, Malvin Gattinger della Germania, Naakow Grant-Hayford del Ghana ed Erika Degortes dell’Italia. GRAZIE!

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(Italiano) Occidente, dove stai andando?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Sep 2017

L’Occidente ha convertito con successo la violenza diretta della guerra nella violenza strutturale dello sfruttamento, giustificata dalla violenza culturale, utilizzando, importando, rapinando risorse, lavorandole, esportando i prodotti derivati, intascandone il valore aggiunto, brevettando ciò che era stato appreso.

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(Italiano) USA–Dove state andando?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Sep 2017

12 settembre 2017 – “Pentagon Study Declares American Empire Is ‘Collapsing,” (Uno studio del Pentagono sostiene che l’impero americano sta crollando) è il titolo di un saggio di Nafeez Ahmed che fa un’analisi del suddetto studio. Sembra interessante. Sottotitolo: “Rapporto sollecita una massiccia espansione del complesso militare-industriale per garantire l’accesso globale alle risorse”. Suona famigliare.

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Turning Taboos into Constructive Discourses
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Sep 2017

Freedom of expression can be severely curtailed by taboo zones in any country, outruling, sometimes also outlawing the unspeakable… To see Hitler, not his ideas, as evil, is itself an evil idea. Kill Hitler or he kills himself and the ideas are still alive, blowing in the air so to speak, in search of new carriers. The ideas have to be confronted and overcome; only killing individual carriers is naive.

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Good-Bye, See You Later
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Sep 2017

We made it! Five hundred Mondays [from 3 Mar 2008] has Antonio from Brazil-Portugal posted an editorial by me from Norway and the world–sometimes with a coauthor. With the good support of the other members of our editorial committee, Malvin Gattinger from Germany, Naakow Grant-Hayford from Ghana and Erika Degortes from Italy. THANKS!

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The World–Where Are You Heading?
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 18 Sep 2017

Jurisprudence and the legal model; why not, and the alternatives? Answer: A deeply rooted model seeing social reality as actors, individual or collective, responsible for their acts, answerable to the law. An indispensable perspective to be enriched with a systemic perspective: action is not only conditioned by actor intention and capability, but also by good and bad structures; hence changing bad structures, not only punishing illegal actors, or restoring them.

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(Italiano) Pace-Sviluppo-Ambiente: integrati?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Sep 2017

Questi sono gli obiettivi delle Nazioni Unite; l’Accademia di Hardanger li ha resi tre centri d’interesse. È sorto il problema: che cos’hanno in comune? Sono tre aspetti della stessa cosa? Se così, quale “cosa”? Si sono individuati ed esplorati quattro modi per cercare di rispondere. Sono quattro per via dei quattro modi di affrontare la realtà sociale.

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(Italiano) Nel mentre – In giro per il mondo
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Sep 2017

Sembra esserci un nuovo sistema europeo per calcolare il PIL. Non solo vengono inclusi gli armamenti ma pure i fondi che vanno a ricerca e sviluppo finalizzati alla guerra. Inclusi sono pure prostituzione e droghe, sotto la voce “servizi”. E’ compresa qualunque cosa che viene offerta e richiesta per denaro. Come ci fa sentire questa novità sulla crescita economica? Di essere tra i “valori pro-capite” secondo i quali viene diviso questo mostro uscito da menti economicistiche malate?

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The West–Where Are You Heading?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Sep 2017

There are no chosen individuals, with promised status. We are all chosen as humans by the precious gift of life, with guaranteed survival, wellness, freedom of options, identity. In a nature with guaranteed diversity and symbiosis; not vicious human attacks on both.

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(Italiano) Spagna: dove stai andando?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Sep 2017

Per gli spagnoli è abituale aggiungere la parola “crisi” al nome del paese. Non sono i soli in ciò, può essere una consuetudine occidentale, uno di quei termini che sospingono avanti l’Occidente.

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(Italiano) Superare la paranoia verso la Russia
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Sep 2017

È ora di aprire una porta positiva alla Russia con uno scambio a reciproco e uguale beneficio. Scambi di merci lavorate e di servizi, cooperazione nel sopprimere la speculazione e l’intossicazione da droghe. Soprattutto: rispetto reciproco, non solo vantaggi. Stima, simpatia. Affetto. RUSSIA: ja tjebjà ljubljù. Ti amo.

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(Italiano) Israele si avvia verso una soluzione?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Sep 2017

Il mondo vuole messaggi di pace da queste grandi, antiche fedi, non guerra perpetua. Questi messaggi potrebbero venire da Gerusalemme, mettendo in evidenza le tradizioni di solidarietà e tolleranza piuttosto che il contrario: le fedi abramitiche, che rinnegano la speranza del genere umano nella pace. Il mondo è in attesa. E’ tempo che accada, ora.

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USA–Where Are You Heading?
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Sep 2017

Declare the end of the empire and explore cooperation for mutual and equal benefit with all. Make them friends, not military “allies”. USA: you are so innovative; you have so incredibly much to offer.

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