Johan Galtung’s Negative and Positive Peace


Korczyk's Class - TRANSCEND Media Service

What does it mean to have peace? Is it the absence of violence, or do there need to be more factors in place to ensure a peaceful society? This video will explore Johan Galtung’s ideas of Peace, and introduce the concepts of direct violence, structural violence, and cultural violence.


  • Galtung, Johan. Peace By Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization. Sage Publications, 1996.​
  • Global Politics Guide, 2017, International Baccalaureate.
  • Heywood, Andrew. Global Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
  • Murphy, Robert, and Charles Gleek. Global Politics: Supporting Every Learner across the IB Continuum. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2016.

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This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 11 Oct 2021.

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