India’s Calendar Year and Days of the Week
TRANSCEND MEMBERS, 7 Aug 2023
India has produced scholars of repute in various fields–astronomy, geography and allied fields like Mathematics. India’s traditional Hindu calendar is called Vikram Samvat. This is the year 2080 according to it, ahead of the Gregorian (Christian) year (2023) by 57 years. It starts with chaitra as its first month and consists of 365 days. It has a religious significance in India and in neighbouring Nepal.
The Chaitra month started on March 22 this year (2023).
Like the Gregorian calendar, a week in Vikram Samvat has seven days
Starting with Monday-Somvaar, the days are known as :
Somvaar — Monday
Mangalvaar – Tuesday
Budhvaar – Wednesday
Brahaspativaar – Thursday
Shukravaar – Friday
Shanivaar – Saturday
Ravivaar – Sunday
Whereas Monday is named after the Moon, Sunday is named after the Sun, it is not clear what are the other days named after in the Christian calendar.
But the other five days are also named after planets: Mangalvaaris named after Mangal, Mars; Budhvaar named after planet Mercury; Brahaspativaarnamed after Jupiter; Shukravaar after Venus; Shanivaar after Saturn.
Thus we see that the Indian scholars used their planetary knowledge to name the seven days of the week — that included the first and the last days and five more days after the planets. It may be mentioned that these scholars could predict the occurrence of lunar and solar eclipses in the simple observatory — Janta Mantar, built in the northern city of Jaipur, capital of the state of Rajasthan. The city is named after a royal family of the state.
India’s capital city Delhi also has a Jantar Mantar but it is used more for political demonstrations rather than as an observatory.
These days politics plays a large part in our everyday lives.
Dr Ravi P Bhatia is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment, an educationist, Gandhian scholar and peace researcher. Retired professor, Delhi University. His new book, A Garland of Ideas—Gandhian, Religious, Educational, Environmental was published recently in Delhi. email@example.com
This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 7 Aug 2023.
Anticopyright: Editorials and articles originated on TMS may be freely reprinted, disseminated, translated and used as background material, provided an acknowledgement and link to the source, TMS: India’s Calendar Year and Days of the Week, is included. Thank you.
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 License.
Join the discussion!
We welcome debate and dissent, but personal — ad hominem — attacks (on authors, other users or any individual), abuse and defamatory language will not be tolerated. Nor will we tolerate attempts to deliberately disrupt discussions. We aim to maintain an inviting space to focus on intelligent interactions and debates.
Click here to go to the current weekly digest or pick another article: