Criminalizing Aggressive War

EDITORIAL, 25 February 2014

#314 | Johan Galtung

Kuala Lumpur

Few, if anybody, today argue this so forcefully as Mahathir Mohammad, Malaysia’s fourth prime minister, for 22 years.  He compares what we do when one person kills another to all we do not do when millions kill millions in aggressive wars.  We have clear laws, we apprehend the suspect, weigh the evidence for or against in court, and, if found guilty, the murderer is punished.  There may even be a system of compensation for the bereaved.

But in wars among states the murderers get medals and honors, and if victorious relish a post-glory exuberance disorder, nourishing a new aggression.  And the bereaved are left with their grief and a post trauma stress disorder, nourishing the idea of revenge.  Madness, irrationality, a social evil of top rank, to be abolished. As Mahathir says: “Peace for us simply means the absence of war.  We must never be deflected from this simple objective”.  An important reminder for all who broaden the concepts of violence and peace: remember the essence!

One approach is criminalization.  For that clear laws are needed, meaning without loopholes.  The UN Charter is an effort (Articles 1.1 and 2.4) prohibiting war and the threat of war among (member) states.  The two explicit exceptions are the use of force by the UN Security Council, and the use of force for individual or collective defense (articles 42 and 51). Libraries have been written about this.  However, when people feel they have legitimate human rights that are left unattended, in the end they may resort to violence.  A key example in today’s world is the case of non-dominant nations: most, say, 174 UN member states are multi-national but only 4 have managed equality among the nations: Switzerland and Belgium in Europe, India (not in Assam) and Malaysia in Asia.  With an average of 10 nations per state with one dominant nation–and the diplomats work in the interests of that one–there are potentially 1,500 wars.  We have had and have some.

The obvious solution is to learn from those four: a federation inside the state with equal levels of autonomy for the nations, and a community, a confederation with neighbors as the nations often cross those borders. However, diplomats tend not to work for that but for the dominant nations, and the UN is also a trade union of governments preferring unitary states. The road ahead passes through theory and practice of conflict resolution. Thus, in an octagonal world like:

India   China

Russia                  OIC

USA                     EU

Latin America  Africa

(“USA” also covers Israel and Japan; ASEAN-Association of Southeast Asian Nations is between China and OIC-Organization of Islamic Cooperation) There are 28 bilateral relations replete with potentials for conflict and cooperation.  A major task is to identify conciliation for the traumas of the past, solutions for the conflicts of the present and constructive ideas for the cooperation of the future.

As professor Liu Cheng of Nanjing University points out in an upcoming major book on peace studies: in a world with so many shared values and so much interaction, wars simply do not belong.  And wars become even more absurd–a total disconnect between values and facts, culture and structure–against a background of what can be done.

And here the past comes to our assistance.  We have not managed to abolish war–in fact, major wars threaten–but we have had much success with two other major social evils, slavery and colonialism, and humanity is working on two others, patriarchy and eco-crisis.  There are things to be learnt about success and failure from all four, as good hypotheses for a possible carry-over to abolition of war through criminalization.

Mahathir actually sees war as a lack of civilization, and it certainly is, for any reasonable interpretation of being civilized.

But how about terrorism?  They are already criminalized. What is not criminalized is state terrorism, killing so many more, maybe 99:1.  There is an International Criminal Court–except for the USA.

And that brings us from a focus on the geography of the present world and the historiography of the past world, from alternatives to war and what we can learn from struggles against other social evils, to the criminalization itself.  We are talking about a legal approach in a broad sense.  In that approach, ius cogens–seen as compelling law–plays a key role in the protection of human life against crimes like torture and genocide.  But even more die from starvation, yet that is not recognized as such, possibly because it may be due more to acts of omission than to acts of commission.  Aggressive wars, however, mandated by the UN Security Council or not, attempted justified as defensive wars or not, are clearly acts of commission.  That there are problems of definition and of drawing borders is clear. There is a process making the space for “legitimate, necessary war” smaller and smaller; the question is how to speed up the process.

One approach would be through the universalization of law, making all crimes against humanity punishable everywhere. Wars of aggression presuppose decisions at the top of states, making their acts of commission potentially punishable in any country.  The Pinochet case comes to mind, and the important role of the former Spanish judge Balthazar Garzón.  There are ambiguities, and possibilities all over.

Three approaches have been indicated on the road to Mahathir’s vision of a civilized world: geographical, historical and juridical, as the research part of the Mahathir Chair for Global Peace Studies.  GPS for short, at IIUM, the International Islamic University of Malaysia.  As the first holder of the chair–two years from 1 March–I am deeply honored and challenged by this opportunity to dedicate teaching and research to this lofty goal and welcome all possible ideas and advice.

________________________________

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is rector of the TRANSCEND Peace University-TPU. He is author of over 150 books on peace and related issues, including ‘50 Years-100 Peace and Conflict Perspectives,’ published by the TRANSCEND University Press-TUP.

Editorials and articles originated on TMS may be freely reprinted, disseminated, translated and used as background material, provided an acknowledgement and link to the source, TRANSCEND Media Service-TMS, is included. Thank you.

 

This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 25 February 2014.

Anticopyright: Editorials and articles originated on TMS may be freely reprinted, disseminated, translated and used as background material, provided an acknowledgement and link to the source, TMS: Criminalizing Aggressive War, is included. Thank you.

If you enjoyed this article, please consider a donation to TMS and click here.

Share or download this article:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 License.


7 Responses to “Criminalizing Aggressive War”

  1. Alberto Portugheis says:

    With all respect to you, dear Johan, my own humble opinion is that Mahathir Mohammad is as blind and hypocritical as most successful politicians. Although Malaysia has slightly reduced its military expenditure in 2014, it is still a fortune what they pay for new Death Toys. Why doesn’t Mahathir speak about “to whom” Malaysia sell their old stock and help make wars? why doesn’t he speak of the joint military activities between the the Malaysian and USA Forces?

    Furthermore, what’s the point in punishing criminals if, after they paid for their crimes, whether with money or time in prison, we set them free and hand them new weapons at the same time. Aren’t we inviting them to re-commit crimes?

    Punishing an Army to who we gave weapons, train how to use them and ordered them to use them is as illogical (absurd is a more appropiate term) giving someone 1/2 kilo of the best Swiss chocolate every day, to end up punishing them for having gained weight.

    If Mr Mahathir Mohammad REALLY cares for Peace, he would be campaigning against WEAPONS, Armed Forces, etc. Then yes, it will be easy to punish anybody who kills.

  2. Leo Maathuis says:

    Why do we ‘accept’ organized violence, sanctioned by a political forum like a parliament an do not accept personal violence.
    A good reason would be that decisions in a parliament have a democratic justification. This preassumpts rational behaviour of members of parliaments. Alas democratic fora are often controlled by notions of ‘believe’ and of exertion power.
    Investigation on how slavery finally was stopped would be very important in my view

  3. Alberto Portugheis says:

    Newspapers today, worldwide, write on an almost daily basis on Slavery. THIS HAS NEVER STOPPED. I was hidden under the carpet. We in Europe eat very cheap fruits and vegetables from Africa, East Asia and Central and South America, because of Slavery. What workers in Congo, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Uganda, Bangladesh etc etc, are paid for their forced 12 hours a day work, is clear proof Slavery is still practised today.

    The “rational” behaviour Leo Matthuis writes about I call “love of money and power”. It is rational to a point, only that if we had no weapons, air-fighters, bombs, Armed Forces, etc, politicians would need to find their money and power without sending millions to kill and to die.

    One alternative: if we made a law “if a President or Prime Minister wants a war, he should pick up a gun and have a fight with his counterpart from another country, we’d never have words.

    Another alternative: if a politician wants a war, he should finance it from his own Bank account.

    We’ll NEVER have another war.

  4. […] This article was originally published at Transcend Media Service here. […]

  5. Pete Dalby says:

    Wake up to the nightmare truth -this is what the hidden hand phonies don’t want The People to know.The People have been lied to and lied to and lied to -copy and pass on for debate and analysis ..PSYCHOPATHS BLACK OP LIST issued by the phonies via Pentagon CIA / MOSSAD / Whitehouse. Millions murdered -It’s over America / world -reality check.
    1946: GREECE. Restore monarch after overthrow of Metaxas government. Successful.
    1946-1955: WEST GERMANY. Average of $6 million annually to support former Nazi intelligence network of General Reinhard Gehlen. Successful.
    1948-1968: ITALY. Average of $30 million annually in payments to political and labor leaders to supportanti- Communist candidates in Italian elections. Successful.

    1949: GREECE. Military assistance to anti-Communist forces in Greek civil war. Successful.

    1949-1953: UKRAINE. Organize and support a Ukrainian resistance movement. Unsuccessful.

    1949-1961: BURMA. Support 12,000 Nationalist China troops in Burma under General Li Mi as an incursion force into People’s Republic of China. Unsuccessful.

    1950-1952: POLAND. Financial and military assistance for Polish Freedom and Independence Movement. Unsuccessful.

    1950: ALBANIA. Overthrow government of Enver Hoxha. Unsuccessful.

    1951-1954: CHINA. Airdrop guerilla teams into People’s Republic of China. Unsuccessful.

    1953: IRAN. Overthrow Mossadegh government and install Shah Zahedi. Cost: $10 million. Successful.

    1953: PHILLIPINES. Assassination and propaganda campaign to overcome Huk resistance and install government of Ramon Magsaysay. Successful.

    1953: COSTA RICA. Overthrow government of Jose Figueres. Unsuccessful.

    1954: SOUTH VIETNAM. Install government of Ngo Dinh Diem. Successful.

    1954-1957: NORTH VIETNAM. CIA officer Edward Lansdale spends four years trying to overthrow the communist government of North Vietnam. Unsuccessful. During this period he was active in the training of the Vietnamese National Army (VNA), organizing the Caodaist militias under Trình Minh Thế in an attempt to bolster the VNA, a propaganda campaign encouraging Vietnam’s Catholics to move to the south as part of Operation Passage to Freedom, and spreading claims that North Vietnamese agents were making attacks in South Vietnam.

    1954: WEST GERMANY. Arrange abduction and discreditation of West German intelligence chief Otto John, and replace with Reinhard Gehlen. Successful.

    1954: GUATEMALA. Overthrow government of Jacobo Arbenz Guzman and replace with Carlos Castillo Armas. Successful.

    1955: CHINA. Assassinate Zhou Enlai en route to Bandung Conference. Unsuccessful.

    1956: HUNGARY. Financial and military assistance to organize and support a Hungarian resistance movement, and broad propaganda campaign to encourage it. Unsuccessful.

    1956: CUBA. Establish anti-Communist police force, Buro de Represion Actividades Communistas (BRAC) under Batista regime. Successful.

    1956: EGYPT. Overthrow Nasser government. Unsuccessful.

    1956: SYRIA. Overthrow Ghazzi government. Aborted by Israeli invasion of Egypt.

    1956-1957: JORDAN. Average of $750,000 annually in personal payments to King Hussein. According to United States government, payments ceased when disclosed in 1976.

    1957: LEBANON. Financial assistance for the election of pro-American candidates to Lebanese Parliament. Successful.

    1958: INDONESIA. Financial and military assistance, including B-26 bombers, for rebel forces attempting to overthrow Sukarno government. Unsuccessful.

    1958-1961: TIBET. Infiltrate Tibetan guerrillas trained in United States to fight Chinese Communists. Unsuccessful.

    1959: CAMBODIA. Assassinate Prince Norodum Shianouk. Unsuccessful.

    1960: GUATEMALA. Military assistance, including the use of B-26 bombers for government of Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes to defeat rebel forces. Successful.

    1960: ANGOLA. Financial and military assistance to rebel forces of Holden Roberto. Inconclusive.

    1960: LAOS. Military assistance, including 400 United States Special Forces troops, to deny the Plain of Jars bad Mekong Basin to Pathet Lao. Inconclusive.

    1961-1965: LAOS. Average of $300 million annually to recruit and maintain L’Armee Clandestine of 35,000 Hmong and Meo tribesmen and 17,000 Thai mercenaries in support of government of Phoumi Nosavan to resist Pathet Lao. Successful

    1961-1963: CUBA. Assassinate Fidel Castro. Six attempts in this period. Unsuccessful.

    1961: CUBA. Train and support invasion force of Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro government, and assist their invasion at the Bay of Pigs. Cost: $62 million. Unsuccessful.

    1961: ECUADOR. Overthrow government of Hose Velasco Ibarra. Successful.

    1961: CONGO. Precipitate conditions leading to assassination of Patrice Lumumba. Successful.

    1961: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. Precipitate conditions leading to assassination of Rafael Trujillo. Successful.

    1961-1966: CUBA. Broad sabotage program, including terrorist attacks on coastal targets and bacteriological warfare, in effort to weaken Castro government. Unsuccessful.

    1962: THAILAND. Brigade of 5,000 United States Marines to resist threat to Thai government from Pathet Lao. Successful.

    1962-1964: BRITISH GUIANA. Organize labor strikes and riots to overthrow government of Cheddi Jagan. Successful.

    1962-1964: BRAZIL. Organize campaign of labor strike and propaganda to overthrow government of Joao Goulart. Successful.

    1963: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. Overthrow government of Juan Bosch in military coup. Successful.

    1963: SOUTH VIETNAM. Precipitate conditions leading to assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem. Successful.

    1963: ECUADOR. Overthrow government of Carlos Julio Arosemena. Successful.

    1963-1984: EL SALVADOR. Organize ORDEN and ANSESAL domestic intelligence networks under direction of General Jose Alberto Medrano and Colonel Nicolas Carranza, and provide intelligence support and training in surveillance, interrogation and assassination techniques. Successful.

    1963-1973: IRAQ. Financial and military assistance for Freedom Party of Mulla Mustafa al Barzani in effort to establish independent Kurdistan. Unsuccessful.

    1964: CHILE. $20 million in assistance for Eduardo Frei to defeat Salvador Allende in Chilean elections.Successful.

    1964: BRAZIL, GUATEMALA, URUGUAY, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC. Provide training in assassination and interrogation techniques for police and intelligence personnel. Inconclusive.

    1964: CONGO. Financial and military assistance, including B-26 and T-28 aircraft, and American and exiled Cuban pilots, for Joseph Mobutu and Cyril Adoula, and later for Moise Tshombe in Katanga, to defeat rebel forces loyal to Lumumba. Successful.

    1964-1967: SOUTH VIETNAM. Phoenix Program to eliminate Viet Cong political infrastructure through more than 20,000 assassinations. Infiltrated by Viet Cong and only partially successful.

    1964-1971: NORTH VIETNAM. Sabotage and ambush missions under Operations Plan 34A by United States Special Forces and Nung tribesmen. Inconclusive.

    1965-1971: LAOS. Under Operations Shining Brass and Prairie Fire, sabotage and ambush missions by United States Special Forces personnel and Nung and Meo tribesmen under General Bang Pao. Inconclusive.

    1965: THAILAND. Recruit 17,000 mercenaries to support Laotian government of Phoumi Nosavan resisting Pathet Lao. Successful.

    1965: PERU. Provide training in assassination and interrogation techniques for Peruvian police and intelligence personnel, similar to training given in Uruguay, Brazil and Dominican Republic, in effort to defeat resistance movement. Unsuccessful.

    1965: INDONESIA. Organize campaign of propaganda to overthrow Sukarno government, and precipitate conditions leading to massacre of more than 500,000 members of Indonesian Communist Party, in order to eliminate opposition to new Suharto government. Successful.

    1967: BOLIVIA. Assist government in capture of Ernesto Che Guevara. Successful.

    1967: GREECE. Overthrow government of George Papandreou and install military government of Colonel George Papadopolous after abdication of King Constantine. Successful.

    1967-1971: CAMBODIA. Under Projects Daniel Boone and Salem House, sabotage and ambush missions by United States Special Forces personnel and Meo tribesmen. Inconclusive.

    1969-1970: CAMBODIA. Bombing campaign to crush Viet Cong sanctuaries in Cambodia. Unsuccessful.

    1970: CAMBODIA. Overthrow government of Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Successful.

    1970-1973: CHILE. Campaign of assassinations, propaganda, labor strikes and demonstrations to overthrow government of Salvador Allende. Cost: $8,400,000. Successful.

    1973-1978: AFGHANISTAN. Military and financial assistance to government of Mohammed Duad to resist rise to power of Noor Mohammed Taraki. Unsuccessful.

    1975: PORTUGAL. Overthrow government of General Vasco dos Santos Goncalves. Successful.

    1975: ANGOLA. Military assistance to forces of Holden Roberto and Jonas Savimbi to defeat forces of Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) during Angolan civil war, and prevent MPLA from forming new government. Unsuccessful.

    1975: AUSTRALIA. Propaganda and political pressure to force dissolution of labor government of Gough Whitlam. Successful.

    1976: JAMAICA. Military coup to overthrow government of Michael Manley. Unsuccessful.

    1976-1984: ANGOLA. Financial and military assistance to forces of Jonas Savimbi to harass and destabilize Neto and succeeding governments. Inconclusive.

    1979: IRAN. Install military government to replace Shah and resist growth of Moslem fundamentalism. Unsuccessful.

    1979-1980: JAMAICA. Financial pressure to destabilize government of Michael Manley, and campaign propaganda and demonstrations to defeat it in elections. Successful.

    1979: AFGHANISTAN. Military aid to rebel forces of Zia Nezri, Zia Khan Nassry, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Sayed Ahmed Gailani and conservative mullahs to overthrow government of Hafizullah Amin. Aborted by Soviet intervention and installation of new government.

    1980-1984: AFGHANISTAN. Continuing military aid to same rebel groups to harass Soviet occupation forces and challenge legitimacy of government of Babrak Karmal.

    1979: SEYCHELLES. Destabilize government of France Albert Rene. Successful.

    1980: GRENADA. Mercenary coup to overthrow government of Maurice Bishop. Successful.

    1980: DOMINICA. Financial support to Freedom Party of Eugenia Charles to defeat Oliver Seraphim in Dominican elections. Successful.

    1980: GUYANA. Assassinate opposition leader Walter Rodney to consolidate power of government of Forbes Burnham. Successful.

    1980-1984: NICARAGUA. Military assistance to Adolfo Colero Portocarrero, Alfonso Robelo, Alfonso Callejas, Fernando Chamorro Rappacioli, Eden Pasto….

    100’s more

    WAKE UP ..IT’S OVER

    RESEARCH VIETNAM WAR
    “The Gulf of Tonkin Incident”
    FACTS
    -started by False Flag phony money-powers cunning stunts.
    =2 – 4 Million innocents murdered -still dying ..+millions of birth defects caused by more than 19 million gallons of sprayed herbicide combinations and agent orange.
    58,000 Americans killed ..murdered by the phonies.

    evidence; Wiki snip;
    [ The Gulf of Tonkin incident
    (or the USS Maddox incident) is the name given to two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin.
    Shortly before his assassination in November 1963, Kennedy had begun a limited recall of US forces…
    A highly classified program of covert actions against North Vietnam known as Operation Plan 34-Alpha, in conjunction with the DESOTO operations, had begun under the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1961. In 1964 the program was transferred to the US Defense Department and conducted by the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group.

    For the maritime portion of the covert operation, Tjeld-class fast patrol boats had been purchased quietly from Norway and sent to South Vietnam. Although the crews of the boats were South Vietnamese naval personnel, approval for each mission conducted under the plan came directly from Admiral U.S. Grant Sharp, Jr., CINCPAC in Honolulu, who received his orders from the White House.

    The second Tonkin Gulf incident was originally claimed by the U.S. National Security Agency to have occurred on August 4, 1964, as anot….]

    Americans are being used to expand the phonies banking empire; youtube The Rothschilds 500 Trillion Dollars
    For the last 20+ years it has been easy to spot where war involving USA / UK will break out Just look for the remaining nations with no central bank.
    In the year of 2000 there were seven countries without a Rothschild owned Central Bank::

    Afghanistan
    Iraq
    Sudan
    Libya
    Cuba
    North Korea
    Iran

    As of today 3 countries remain without a central bank:

    Cuba
    North Korea
    Iran

    Spot the ball in more than 1.3 sec and win a prize!!

    “Fifty men have run America, and that’s a high figure” Joseph Kennedy,July 26 l936 in NYT
    -money powers are the hidden powers behind all these PROXY WARS +ALSO DONE 9/11 +JFK MURDER

    The US /UK/ World has been run by money diseased criminals -cartels/corporations/bankers/Oil barons/Military Industrial Complex/drug co lobbyists +corrupt politicians

    Research Proves;
    The Federal Reserve Chartered themselves by deceit on Christmas Eve 1913.They are a private for profit consortium of phony money lenders -the type mentioned in the Bible -using a deceitful name ‘Federal’ -there’s nothing Federal about them,except Federal Fraudsters issuing magic-hat sign-here money AS debt at interest -to the Federal Govt and The People for mortgages etc -the greatest con in history -achieved by Lies,War,Murder,Assassination,Slavery,Theft,Treason -undermining The Republic

    1811:The charter for the Rothschilds Bank of the United States runs out and Congress votes against its renewal
    At the time Andrew Jackson of stand up Irish blood says,“If Congress has a right under the Constitution to issue paper money,it was given them to use by themselves, not to be delegated to individuals or corporations”
    Nathan Mayer Rothschild is not amused and he stated
    “Either the application for renewal of the charter is granted, or the United States will find itself involved in a most disastrous war”
    Andrew Jacksons’ response to this is to say
    “You are a den of thieves and vipers,and I intend to rout you out, and by the Eternal God, I will rout you out”
    Nathan Mayer Rothschild’s reply to that being “Teach those impudent Americans a lesson. Bring them back to colonial status”
    1812:Backed by Rothschild money, the British declare war on the United States
    The Rothschilds plan was to cause the United States to build up such a debt in fighting this war that they would have to surrender to the Rothschilds and allow the charter for the Rothschild owned Bank of the United States to be renewed.
    1835:President Jackson starts depositing federal funds into banks directed by democratic bankers rather than in the Rothschild controlled Bank of the United States. An assassination attempt is made on President Jackson and he would later claim that he knew the Rothschilds were responsible for that attempted as’ination.

    1837:Following his years of fighting against the Rothschilds and their central bank in America, President Jackson finally succeeds in throwing the Rothschilds central bank out of America

    It would not be until 1913 that the Rothschilds would be able to set up their third central bank in America, The Federal Reserve

    1862:By April $449,338,902 worth of Lincoln’s debt free money had been printed and distributed.
    He went on to state “We gave the people of this republic the greatest blessing they ever had, their own paper money to pay their own debts”

    1865:Lincoln assassinated

    Search;5th JUNE 1933 AMERICA LEGALLY BANKRUPTED when Franklin Roosevelt and Congress passed and signed the relevant legislation.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE NEVER BEEN INFORMED -these insidious freeloading criminals leeched USA dry to bankruptcy

    1963;JFK murdered -he found out the scale of it all -started to print genuine Govt interest-free money -he had to go

    9/11;We now have the motive.The evidence and proof clearly shows it really was a highly co-ordinated inside-pentagon job by these Mafioso and the phonies masquerading as a US government but who in reality are a “CORPORATION” ..purpose of 9/11; to foment the population to war -to start the bulldozing -Iraq-Iran-Afg-Africa+so on

    WAKE UP / WISE UP TO WHAT A BUNCH OF MASTUBATING COWARDS -MURDERERS -LYING PSYCHOPATHS AND PHONIES THE USA GOVERNMENT REALLY ARE -RESEARCH 1962 CIA OPERATION NORTHWOODS — similar to the 9/11 atrocities.
    Wiki snip;..[ One of the most fascinating aspects of Operation Northwoods involved the proposed hijacking of an American passenger plane. The JCS proposed that a real plane containing American passengers would be hijacked by friendly forces disguised as Cuban agents.The plane would drop down off the radar screen and be replaced by a pilotless aircraft,
    which would crash, purportedly killing all the passengers. Under the plan, the real passenger plane would be secretly flown back to the United States.

    The proposals called for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), or other operatives, to commit perceived acts of terrorism in U.S. cities and elsewhere
    Operation Northwoods proposals included hijackings and bombings followed by the introduction of phony evidence that would implicate the Cuban government. It stated:
    The desired resultant from the execution of this plan would be to place the United States in the apparent position of suffering defensible grievances from a rash and irresponsible government of Cuba and to develop an international image of a Cuban threat to peace in the Western Hemisphere.

    Several other proposals were included within Operation Northwoods, including real or simulated actions against various U.S. military and civilian targets. The plan was drafted by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, signed by Chairman Lyman Lemnitzer and sent to the Secretary of Defense…. it was authorized by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, but then rejected by President John F. Kennedy”]

    The most evil story in history -“This truth is well known among our principal men who are engaged in forming an imperialism of the world. While they are doing this, the people must be
    kept in a state of political antagonism.” -from a secret bankers circular ‘THE BANKERS’ MANIFESTO’

    Old John Feather Merchant B-25
    At 9:49 AM, Saturday, July 28, 1945 a B-25 bomber plunged into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building at close to 225 miles per hour -It did not disappear in a puff of smoke. Pictures exist of it clearly embedded in the building with the tail half of the B-25 protruding from the 79th floor.Occupants of the Empire State Building said “The building swung like a pendulum for 30 seconds …we had trouble keeping our feet under us as we ran for cover” Nobody said anything like this at Ground Zero 9/11

    Estimate; Aluminum (shear mod 25) cannot shear structural steel (shear mod 70) at 500ft/sec in free space. A solid lead bullet has to travel 2-3000ft/sec to shear 1/4″ mild steel,some different size bullets require faster speeds. KE=1/2 Mass *(Velocity squared) which means velocity is exponential. Solid steel in free space can’t even penetrate structural steel at 1000ft/sec, yet people believe this HOAX -that somehow aluminum can accomplish such a feat.

    It has long been a mystery -what was the strange appendage or pod clearly visible hanging below the 2nd aircraft supposedly FLIGHT 175?

    Experts agree that It definitely was NOT a United Airlines plane or flight 175.

    What was the appendage or pod?

    many will not easily believe this and think it a conspiracy theory. I assure you it is not -all that anyone need do, is study the detail and facts. The appendage or pod was IN FACT incontrovertibly a photo-shop error on the part of the GRAND CANYON OF EVIL perpetrators which we were not meant to see. Remember the film “Speed” -they fooled Dennis into thinking the bus was still circulating the airport by quickly cutting and looping the film. It was trick photography.
    The truth is, the phonies used a similar 30 second cut and loop trick photography stunt to pull off the 9/11 World Trade Center atrocities -The plane attacks we all saw were NOT PLANES at all -but some kind of silver spherical shaped missiles or technically advanced craft with smooth edges and approximately 19 feet long by 17 feet tall.
    In a highly co-ordinated attack THE PLANES WERE THEN PHOTO-SHOPPED ONTO THE SPHERICAL MISSILES IN ALMOST REAL TIME -AND BROADCAST WITHIN 30 SECONDS (+/-) -But in their haste and nerves the perpetrators f~’cked up and what we see as an appendage or pod is in fact the protruding body of the real vehicle or missile –Eureka!

    The Truth is as clear as daylight when you study in detail the real evidence, facts and motives of the CORPORATE psychos. It was all a massive EVIL CON using smoke and mirrors -the purpose of which was to provoke and foment the American people to war -to bulldoze the Middle East,Iraq, Afghanistan, Africa = expansion of phonies magic-money +interest empire.
    There were other spin off benefits too -such as covering the tracks of a few trillion dollars unaccounted for gone AWOL at the Pentagons CIA offices.

    Fortunately genuine original film of the WTC-2 HIT exists -before the phonies doctored the images -telling a completely different story. We got the evidence which clearly shows a round silver object approaching -no aircraft in sight…THE TRUTH IS OUT. Study the video evidence. The same video footage is recorded on thousands of VCRs belonging to all who recorded that particular live transmission.(there were several channels)
    The forensic analysis of the LIVE TV images leaves no room for doubt : they do NOT depict authentic imagery nor real airplane crashes but turn out to be entirely doctored video sequences which effectively fooled the worldwide TV audience.
    Ever think it was weird the way the WTC 2 plane just gets swallowed up and the hole almost closes?
    That’s because it NEVER HAPPENED -pure Hollywood photo-shop on the 30 second delay after the pentagon /white house phonies missile struck. The buildings were then demolished by controlled explosions.
    Watch the videos and be amazed to see the fictional photo-shopped plane PASS STRAIGHT THROUGH WTC-2 in a 2nd screw-up and ‘accidentally’ emerge out the opposite side of WTC 2 with its nose and fuselage still intact!!! ..also accidentely broadcast on their first +30second delay and loop coverage -before they quickly re-doctored the video to rectify their revealing error.

    I realize this sounds way too incredible for many -is exactly what the unimaginably evil phonies and psychopaths who executed the 9/11 Black Op massacres calculated. They knew we would easily believe their substitute fairy tales bulls best lies about foreign terrorists attacking America etc. Take a quick scan through their BLACK OP list available at –Results of the Hearings on CIA misdeeds, 1973 Church Committee– and you’ll quickly get a reality of the extent of this ‘other world’ of evilness and realize that they are all experts in their specialty field of cunning atrocities and setting up wars and mass murder -they’ve been at it long enough.

    Strange too the perfect free-fall demolitions of the twin towers which were more like vaporizations than demolitions -250 million tons should have created gigantic piles of rubble hundreds of feet tall? ..but no -Puff the magic dragon -now you see it -now you don’t.!
    and WTC building 7 -what happened there -decided to perfectly demolish itself out of sympathy? (lol)

    -“All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed, second it is violently opposed, and third, it is accepted as self-evident” – Arthur Schopenhauer Philosopher, 1788-1860

    “There are two ways to conquer and enslave a country. One is by the sword. The other is by debt” –John Adams

    Excerpt from ‘America; Freedom to Fascism’
    -Russo on his documentary
    [ “In 1913 America was a free country. Then a band of powerful bankers achieved their fathers’ and grandfathers’ goal and America has never been the same.
    Woodrow Wilson was our President at the time. This band of banksters bribed senators to pass the Federal Reserve Act. The Act was passed on Christmas Eve (as many senators were with their families) and it was done without the required constitutional amendment. This is how the Federal Reserve Act came into being. These Banksters understood: whoever issued the money for America would control the Government.
    Our Government gave these Banksters their most important power, and now had to borrow money from them and pay interest to finance our Government.
    This was the most diabolical fraud ever perpetuated on the American people.
    Later, in 1919, Woodrow Wilson said,“I am the most unhappy man, I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is now controlled by its system of credit. We are no longer a government by free opinion..” ]
    youtube; The Rothschilds 500 Trillion Dollars

    youtube; Wes Clark America’s Foreign Policy “Coup” (3m) -Retired 4-star General Wesley Clark 2 weeks after 9/11 “They planned to take down 7 countries in 5 years; Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Lybia, Somalia, Sudan, Iran..We’ve got about five years to clean up the Soviet client regimes”
    2)THIS IS WHAT REALLY HAPPENED ON 9/11 100% TRUTH (PART 1) (15m)
    3)THIS IS WHAT REALLY HAPPENED ON 9/11 100% TRUTH (PART 2)
    4)Leaked Video of Cruise Missile Hitting Pentagon on 911 DOWNL (3m)
    5) The Plan according to U.S. General Wesley Clark (1m)
    6) Evidence that George W. Bush had advanced knowledge of 9-11 (3m)
    Listen to him lying -says he saw the FIRST plane hit the FIRST WTC on a TV set at the school and thought it was pilot error -The BIG LIE EXPOSED -There was — NO — LIVE TV cover of WTC-1 attack -why would there be?

    The smart ones have it figured.

    9/11 = to provoke, anger and foment the U.S population to war by treachery and mass murder -for the love of money, control, exploitation +expansion of phonies empire -rule the world with their 9:1 fictional money mix at interest they call it leverage and fractional reserve banking -the greatest fraud in history.

    Evil on an unimaginable scale is in power and ruling

    Thousands of people were sacrificed on the phonies altar of evil

    youtube ..Proof that 9/11 flight 93 did not crash at Shanksville

    FACT -$247 million is now spent worldwide on military every 90 minutes
    FACT -All money is created by 1) The exponential fraud of 9:1 fictional money mix -phonies call it fractional reserve banking. 2) out of thin air -as debt -sign here fiat substitute money for mortgages and military +interest
    Interest =Banker Bonuses
    = one massive short-circuit fraud / slavery of The People / Mass murder / Genocide.

    WARNING

    youtube; Wake Up Call 2013: Obama DHS Prepares For Civil War

    THIS IS WHY THE PHONIES ARE PREPARING FOR CIVIL WAR IN AMERICA

    -When it comes down to it the phonies will order the mowing down of Christians and any Civilians who disobey or interrupt their plans or break their phony laws.

    says ..DHS -in last 10 months purchased 2,700 mrap vehicles and over 1.6 BILLION rounds of hollow point ammo banned under Geneva Convention in warfare -BUT GOOD ENOUGH FOR AMERICANS +7,000 fully automatic assault rifles and unknown quantities of drones. WAKE THE FUC UP PEOPLE
    Perspective; approx 70 million rounds of ammo a year used in Afghanistan / Iraq.

    WHO OWNS THE FEDERAL RESERVE?

    [ There has been much speculation about who owns the Federal Reserve Corporation. It has been one of the best kept secrets of the century, because the Federal Reserve Act Act of 1913 provided that the names of the owner banks be kept secret. However, R. E. McMaster publisher of the newsletter The Reaper, asked his Swiss banking contacts which banks hold the controlling stock in the Federal Reserve Corporation. The answer:

    Rothschild Banks of London and Berlin
    Lazard Brothers Bank of Paris
    Israel Moses Sieff Banks of Italy
    Warburg Bank of Hamburg and Amsterdam
    Lehman Brothers Bank of New York
    Kuhn Loeb Bank of New York
    Chase Manhattan Bank of New York
    Goldman Sachs Bank of New York.
    In The Secrets Of The Federal Reserve, Eustace Mullins indicates that, because the Federal Reserve Bank of New York sets interest rates and controls the daily supply and price of currency throughout the U.S., the owners of that bank are the real directors of the entire system. Mullins states:

    “The shareholders of these banks which own the stock of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York are the people who have controlled our political and economic destinies since 1914. They are the Rothschilds, Lazard Freres (Eugene Mayer), Israel Sieff, Kuhn Loeb Company, Warburg Company, Lehman Brothers, Goldman Sachs, the Rockefeller family, and the J.P. Morgan interests.”

    THEY PRINT IT – WE BORROW IT AND PAY THEM INTEREST

    An example of the process of currency creation and its conversion into “people’s debt” will aid our understanding. The Federal Government, having spent more than it has taken in exchange for the government’s agreement to pay it back with interest. So Congress authorizes the Treasury Department to print $1 billion in U.S. Bonds, which are then delivered to the Federal Reserve bankers. (The bonds are a kind of “IOU” that bears interest.)

    The U.S. Treasury prints $1 billion in bank notes. The printing cost is about $20.62 per 1,000 bills – it costs the same irrespective of the denomination – the cost of printing a $1 note is about the same as for a $100 note: about .0206 cents. The Federal Reserve “buys” these bills from the U.S. Treasury, paying only for the printing costs. The bills are then exchanged at full face value for the bonds. The government uses the currency to pay its obligations. What are the results of this fantastic transaction? Well, the government’s bills are paid all right, but the U.S. Government has now indebted the people to the Federal Reserve bankers for $1 billion plus interest.

    WAKE THE FUC UP FOLKS OR FOREVER BE A NATION OF ROTHSCHILDS / BANKERS CHUTNEY FERRET BUM BOYS.

  6. Alberto Portugheis says:

    Most of what we read in the comprehensive report sent by Pete Dalby is true, but this is not: “1979: IRAN. Install military government to replace Shah and resist growth of Moslem fundamentalism. Unsuccessful.” It was “unsuccessful” if you were naive enough to believe American, British and French politicians, but as always in Politics, one thing is what you want the masses to believe your intentions are, another what your REAL intentions are.

    CIA would not have spent 2 million USA dollars (a lot of money in those days !!!) to overthrow their “friend” the Sha, without first securing the return to Iran of the abominable Ayatollah Khomeini. Islamic and other Fundamentalisms are promoted by those who run the world.
    It brings them money, power and glory and keeps our Armed Forces busy.

    To believe that USA is opposed to Fundamentalism, is wrong. USA loves Fundamentalism, this is why they created Al Qaeda/Taliban. Without Osama Bin Laden’s collaboration, USA “Dominance” plans and lucrative businesses could not have progressed the way they did.

    However, as comments here should be particularly related to Johan Galtung’s article on Malaysia, it is worth pointing out that Malaysia can freely inform the world they favour Peace, because they subtly and gradually have become the hub of the Arms Market for their region. In the last few years several Embassies closed their offices in Singapore, to open one in Kuala Lumpur, to improve their “commercial” interests.

  7. […] originale:Criminalizing Aggressive War- TRANSCEND Media […]