This Week in History

HISTORY, 18 Sep 2017

Satoshi Ashikaga – TRANSCEND Media Service

Sep 18-24, 2017


“A comfortable old age is the reward of a well-spent youth. Instead of its bringing sad and melancholy prospects of decay, it would give us hopes of eternal youth in a better world.”   – Maurice Chevalier


2014  Scotland votes against independence from the United Kingdom.


History, Culture, and Tradition of Scotland:

Independence Movement of Scotland:

2013  Cygnus Orb-D1 is launched into space.

2011  2011 Sikkim earthquake was felt across northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and southern Tibet.

2009  The 72-year run of the soap opera The Guiding Light ends as its final episode is broadcast.

2007  Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.

2007  Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.

2001  First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

Anthrax Attacks of 2001:

1998  ICANN is formed.

1997  Al-Qaeda carried out a terrorist attack in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Al-Qaeda, and Bosina-Herzegovina:


1992  An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labor dispute, killing nine replacement workers.

199Yugoslavia begins a naval blockade of seven Adriatic port cities.

Naval Blockade in the Adriatic Sea Area in 1991:

War in the Balkans in the 1990s/Yugoslav War:

1990  Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.


History and Culture of Liechtenstein:

1988  End of pro-democracy uprisings in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students), are killed by the Tatmadaw.


History of Myanmar:

Pro-Democracy Uprising, Ethnic Cleansing and Other Pertinent Issues:

1987  USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalatinsk USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1987:

USSR Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Semipalatinsk/Kazakhstan Nuclear Test Site:

198Christian militia begin killing six-hundred Palestinians in Lebanon.

Sabra and Shatila Massacre:

1982 Lebanon War:

1981  Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.

1977  Voyager I takes first photograph of the Earth and the Moon together.

1975  Patty Hearst is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.

1973  The Bahamas, East Germany and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.

1964  North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration of South Vietnam.

Vietnam War in 1964:

1964  USSR performs nuclear test (underground) at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1964:

USSR Nuclear Tests Overview:

Novaya Zemlya Nuclear Test Site:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

1962 Burundi, Jamaica, Rwanda and Trinidad and Tobago are admitted to the United Nations.

1962  USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

1961  USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

1961  UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Dag Hammarskjold:

Congo Crisis (1960-1964):

History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

Belgian Congo:

Democratic Republic of the Congo:

Foreign Relations of the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

1960  Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.

Fidel Castro:

195Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit.

Vanguard 3:

1948  Margaret Chase Smith of Maine becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator‘s term, when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.

1948  Communist Madiun uprising in Dutch Indies.

1948  Operation Polo is terminated after the Indian Army accepts the surrender of Nizam‘s Army.

194The National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency are established in the United States under the National Security Act.

1947  US Department of Defense (DOD) is formed.

US Department of Defense (DOD):

History of the Department of Defense:

1947  The United States Air Force becomes an independent branch of the United States armed forces.

US Air Force:

History of the US Air Force:

1945  General Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.

Douglas MacArthur:

Occupation of Japan:

Research Guide on the Occupation of Japan:

A Few Selected Books:

1944  World War II: The British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Jun’yō Maru, 5,600 killed.

1943  World War II: Adolf Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.

Adolf Hitler:

History of Nazi Germany:

1943  World War II: The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.

1940  The British liner SS City of Benares is sunk by German submarine U-48; those killed include 77 child refugees.

1939  The Nazi propaganda broadcaster known as Lord Haw-Haw begins transmitting.

1939  World War II: Polish government of Ignacy Mościcki flees to Romania.

1934  The USSR is admitted to the League of Nations.

League of Nations:

USSR and the League of Nations:

1931  The Mukden Incident gives Japan the pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.

Mukden Incident:

1928  Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.

1927  The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.

192Hungary is admitted to the League of Nations.


1919  The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.

Women’s Suffrage and Netherlands:

Women’s Suffrage and Its History:

Women’s Rights in General:

1914  World War I: South African troops land in German South West Africa.

1914  The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.

1911  Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House.

191In Amsterdam, 25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.

1906  A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.

1898  Fashoda Incident: Lord Kitchener’s ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.

1895  Daniel David Palmer gives the first chiropractic adjustment.

1895  Booker T. Washington delivers the “Atlanta compromise” address.

1882  The Pacific Stock Exchange opens.

1873  Panic of 1873: The US bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures.

1850  The US Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

1833  The Anti-Corn Law League is established by Richard Cobden.

181The 1812 Fire of Moscow dies down after destroying more than three-quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from the Petrovsky Palace to the Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.

1810  First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it is in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and is commemorated as such.

1759  Seven Years’ War: The British capture Quebec City.

1739  The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.

1635  Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria declares war on France.





2010  The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed.

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill:

2006  The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is and martial law is declared.

Thai Military Coup of 2006:

1997  Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria where 53 people are killed.

Guelb El-Kebir Massacre of September 1997:

1991  Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by German tourists.

1989  terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.

1983  Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.

Saint Kitts and Nevis:

History of Saint Kitts and Nevis:

1982  Scott Fahlman posts the first documented emoticons :-) and :-( on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System.

1978  The Solomon Islands join the United Nations.

Solomon Islands:

History and Culture of the Solomon Islands:

Permanent Mission of Solomon Islands to the United Nations:

1976  Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to investigate an unidentified flying object when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.

Unidentified Flying Object:

UFOs in the Bible? :

1973  USSR performs underground nuclear test (underground) at South Kazakhstan.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1973:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

1972  parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.

1971  Montagnard troops of South Vietnam revolt against the rule of Nguyễn Khánh, killing 70 ethnic Vietnamese soldiers.

1970  Kostas Georgakis, a Greek student of geology, sets himself ablaze in Matteotti Square in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos.

1970  The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis‘s farm in Glastonbury, United Kingdom.

1962  USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric) at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1962:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Novaya Zemlya Nuclear Test Site:

Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

1959  Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland due to security concerns.

1957  First American underground nuclear bomb test (part of Operation Plumbbob).

Underground Nuclear Test:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

US Nuclear Tests at Nevada Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

1952  The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.

1946  The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.

Winston Churchill’s Speech on the Council of Europe, Zurich, September 1946:

1945  Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) is sentenced to death in London.

1944  Battle of Hürtgen Forest between United States and Nazi Germany begins.

Battle of Hürtgen Forest of 1944:

1944  Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War).

Continuation War:

From Winter War to the Continuation War:

1940  Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance.

1936  World War II: The Battle of Kępa Oksywska concludes, with Polish losses reaching roughly 14% of all the forces engaged.

1934  Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr..

1916  During the East African Campaign of World War I, colonial armed forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of General Charles Tombeur captured the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.

1893  Women’s suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

Women’s Suffrage in New Zealand:

History of Women’s Suffrage:

Women’s Rights in General:

Issues relating to Gender Inequality/Equality and More:

Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women:

UN and Women:

Gender Equality in Education:

1881  US President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting. Vice President Chester A. Arthur, becomes President upon Garfield’s death.

1870  Having invaded the Papal States a week earlier, the Italian Army lays siege to Rome, entering the city the next day, after which the Pope described himself as a Prisoner in the Vatican.

1870  Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Paris begins, which will result on January 281871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory.

Siege of Paris (1870-1871):

Franco-Prussian War:

Timelines of the Franco-Prussian War:

1868  Spanish revolution: La Gloriosa.

1846  Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.

1799  French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen.

1796  George Washington’s Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.




2011  The United States military ends its “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy, allowing gay men and women to serve openly for the first time.

2008  dump truck full of explosives detonates in front of the Marriott hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 54 people and injuring 266 others.

2007  Between 15,000 and 20,000 protesters marched on Jena, Louisiana, in support of six black youths who had been convicted of assaulting a white classmate.

2003  Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.

2001  In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a “War on Terror“.

War on Terror/Terrorism:

Timelines of the War on Terror/Terrorism:



History of Taliban:

Is the Taliban a Terrorist Organization? :

2000  The United Kingdom’s MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by individuals using a Russian-built RPG-22 anti-tank missile. The perpetrators remain unidentified.

1990  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

Nevada Test Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

1990  South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.

South Ossetia and the South Ossetia War:

History of South Ossetia:

1984  A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in BeirutLebanon, killing twenty-two people.

1979  coup d’état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.

1978  USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1978:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site:

Health, and Ecological Issues in Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk:

1977  The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.


History of Vietnam:

1970  Syrian tanks roll into Jordan in response to continued fighting between Jordan and the fedayeen.

1962  James Meredith, an African American, is temporarily barred from entering the University of Mississippi.

1961  USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1961:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Novaya Zemlya Nuclear Test Site:

Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

1961  Greek general Konstantinos Dovas becomes Prime Minister of Greece.

1960  UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations).

African Countries and Their Independence:


History of Cyprus:

1958  USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

For more pertinent information, see “1961  USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya ZemlyaUSSR”, mentioned above.

1942  Holocaust in LetychivUkraine. In the course of two days the German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews.

Holocaust in Letychiv:

1930  Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.

1920  Foundation of the Spanish Legion.

1909  The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the South Africa Act 1909, creating the Union of South Africa from the British Colonies of the Cape of Good HopeNatalOrange River Colony, and the Transvaal Colony.

1893  Charles Duryea and his brother road-test the first American-made gasoline-powered automobile.

1871  Bishop John Coleridge Patteson is martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands. He is the first bishop of Melanesia.

1857  The Indian Rebellion of 1857 ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company.

1854  Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.

Battle of Alma:

Crimean War:

Timeline of Crimean War:

History of Crimea:

1848  The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.

1835  Ragamuffin rebels capture Porto Alegre, then capital of the Brazilian imperial province of Rio Grande do Sul, triggering the start of ten-year-long Ragamuffin War.

1792 French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.

1737  The finish of the Walking Purchase which forces the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.

1697  The Treaty of Ryswick is signed by France, England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empireand the Dutch Republic ending the Nine Years’ War (1688–97).




Today is the INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE  (A/RES/36/67)  (A/RES/55/282) :

2013  al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in NairobiKenya, killing at least 67 people.

2001  America: A Tribute to Heroes is broadcast by over 35 network and cable channels, raising over $200 million for the victims of the September 11 attacks.

2001  Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.

1999  Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.

1993  Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution, thus triggering the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993.

1991  Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.


Foreign Relations of Armenia:

Economy of Armenia:

History of Armenia:

Permanent Mission of Armenia to the United Nations:

1984  Brunei joins the United Nations.


Economy of Brunei:

History of Brunei:

Permanent Mission of Brunei Darussalam to the United Nations:

1983  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Nevada Test Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

1981  Sandra Day O’Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.

1981  Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.

1977  A nuclear non-proliferation pact is signed by 15 countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union.

1976  Seychelles joins the United Nations.

1976  Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.

1972  USSR performs underground nuclear test at Orenburg, Russia.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1972:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

1972  Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos signs Proclamation № 1081, placing the entire country under martial law and marking the beginning of his authoritarian rule.

1971  BahrainBhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.

1967  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1965  GambiaMaldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.

1964  The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first Mach 3 bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.

1964  Malta gains independence from the United Kingdom.


Economy of Malta:

History of Malta:

1961  Maiden flight of the Boeing CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.

1958  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1955  USSR performs nuclear tests (atmospheric), USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1955:

USSR Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

1953  Lieutenant No Kum-Sok, a North Korean pilot, defects to South Korea and is associated with Operation Moolah.

1942  The Boeing B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.

1942  In DunaivtsiUkraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.

1942  In Poland, at the end of Yom Kippur, Germans order Jews to permanently evacuate Konstantynów and move to the Ghetto in Biała Podlaska, established to assemble Jews from seven nearby towns, including Janów PodlaskiRossosz and Terespol.

1942  The Holocaust: On the Jewish holiday of Yom KippurNazis send over 1,000 Jews of Pidhaytsi (west Ukraine) to Belzec extermination camp.

Jewish People in Pidhaytsi:

Belzac Extermination Camp:

1939  Romanian Prime Minister Armand Călinescu is assassinated by far-right legionnaires of the fascist paramilitary organization Iron Guard.

1938  The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.

1934  A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing 3,036 people.

1921  storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 500-600 people.

1898  Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China.

1896  Mahdist War: British forces under the command of Horatio Kitchener takes Dongolain the Sudan.

1860  Second Opium War: an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao.

Battle of Palikao:

Second Opium War:

Opium Wars:

1843  John Williams Wilson takes possession of the Strait of Magellan on behalf of the newly independent Chilean government.

1792  French Revolution: the National Convention declares France a republic and abolishes the absolute monarchy.




2013  At least 75 people are killed in a suicide bombing at a church in Peshawar, Pakistan.

1995  Nagerkovil school bombing, is carried out by Sri Lankan Air Force in which at least 34 die, most of them ethnic Tamil school children.

1993  Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in SukhumiGeorgia.

1993  A barge strikes a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama, causing the deadliest train wreck in Amtrak history. Forty-seven passengers are killed.

1991  The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library.

Dead Sea Scrolls Text English Translation:

Background Information on the Dead Sea Scrolls:

1983  1983  USSR performs underground nuclear test.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1983:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

1980  Iraq invades Iran

Iran-Iraq War:

Timelines of the Iran-Iraq War:

1979  The Vela Incident (also known as the South Atlantic Flash) is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.

Vela Incident of 1979:

1975  Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.

1971  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Nevada Test Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

1967  USSR performs nuclear test (underground) at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1967:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site:

Health, and Ecological Issues in Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk:

1965  The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (also known as the Second Kashmir War) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ends after the UN calls for a ceasefire.

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (a.k.a. Second Kashmir War):

Timeline of the Kashmir Conflict/India-Pakistan War:

1960  The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.

History of Mali:


Foreign Relations of Mali:

Mali and the United Nations:

US – Mali Military Relations/Cooperation:

Economy of Mali:

1957  In HaitiFrançois Duvalier is elected president.

1955  In the United Kingdom, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.

1950  Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph J Bunche (1st colored person winner).

Ralph Bunche:

Nobel Prize and Racism? :

1941  World War II: On Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murder 6,000 Jews in VinnytsyaUkraine. Those are the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.

1939  Joint victory parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest-Litovsk at the end of the Invasion of Poland.

1937  Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.

Battle of El Mazuco:

Spanish Civil War:

Timeline of the Spanish Civil War:

1914  German submarine SM U-9 torpedoes and sinks the British cruisers HMS AboukirHogue and Cressy on the Broad Fourteens off the Dutch coast with the loss of over 1,400 men.

1908  The Bulgarian Declaration of Independence is proclaimed.

1885  Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule.

1866  Battle of Curupayty in the Paraguayan War.

1862  Slavery in the United States: A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.




2008  Convict Teresa Lewis became the first female inmate to die by lethal injection in the state of Virginia.

2008  Kauhajoki school shooting: Matti Saari kills 10 people before committing suicide.

2004  Hurricane Jeanne: At least 1,070 in Haiti are reported to have been killed by floods.

2002  The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox (“Phoenix 0.1”) is released.

1999  NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.

1992  A large Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb destroys forensic laboratories in Belfast.

1983  Gulf Air Flight 771 is bombed, killing all 117 people on board.

1983  Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.

Saint Kitts and Nevis:

Permanent Mission of Saint Kitts and Nevis:

1983  Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.

1982  US performs nuclear test (underground) at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Nevada Test Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

1980  Bob Marley plays what would be his last concert in Pittsburgh.

1973  Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.

1969  The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.

1959  Iowa farmer and corn breeder Roswell Garst hosts Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.

1958  US performs nuclear test (atmospheric) at Nevada Test Site.

Atmospheric Nuclear Testing at the Nevada Site:

Atmospheric/High-altitude Nuclear Explosion Testing:

Atmospheric Nuclear Tests of the United States and Radioactive Fallout:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

US Nuclear Tests at Nevada Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

1952  Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech“.

1950  Korean War: The Battle of Hill 282 the first US friendly-fire incident on British military personnel since World War II occurred.

Battle of Hill 282:

Korean War:

Korean War Timelines:

1943  World War II: The Nazi puppet state the Italian Social Republic is founded.

Italian Social Republic:

1942  World War II: The Matanikau action on Guadalcanal begins U.S. Marines attack Japanese units along the Matanikau River.

1938  Mobilization of the Czechoslovak army in response to the Munich Crisis.

Munich Crisis of 1938:

1936  First ascent of Siniolchu by a German team.

1932  The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1913  Roland Garros of France becomes the first to fly in an airplane across the Mediterranean (from St. Raphael France to Bizerte, Tunisia).

1911  Pilot Earle Ovington makes the first official airmail delivery in America under the authority of the United States Post Office Department

1905  Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.

1899  American Asiatic Squadron destroys a Filipino battery at the Battle of Olongapo.

1868  Grito de Lares (“Lares Revolt”) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.

1846  Astronomers Urbain Jean Joseph Le VerrierJohn Couch Adams and Johann Gottfried Galle collaborate on the discovery of Neptune.

1812  Tripolitsa, Greece, is captured by Greek rebels during the Greek War of Independence.

Greek War of Independence:

Modern History of Greece:

1803  Second Anglo-Maratha WarBattle of Assaye between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.

1642  First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.

Harvard College:




2014  The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), a Mars orbiter launched into Earth orbit by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), successfully inserted into orbit of Mars.

2013  7.7-magnitude earthquake strikes southern Pakistan, killing more than 327 people.

2009  The G20 summit begins in Pittsburgh with 30 global leaders in attendance. It marks the first use of LRAD in U.S. history.

2007  Between 30,000 and 100,000 people take part in anti-government protests in Yangon, Burma, the largest in 20 years.

2007 Anti-Government Protests in Myanmar/Burma:

1996  Representatives of 71 nations sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty:

1993  The Cambodian monarchy is restored, with Norodom Sihanouk as king.

Norodom Sihanouk:


Modern History of Cambodia:

Economy of Cambodia:

1990  Periodic Great White Spot is observed on Saturn.

Great White Spot on Saturn:

1987  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Nuclear Weapons and the United States:

Nevada Test Site:

Ecological and Health Issues in and around the Nevada Test Site:

1983  USSR performs underground nuclear tests.

USSR Nuclear Tests in 1983:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Underground Nuclear Tests:

1982  The Wimpy Operation, first act of resistance against Israeli troops in Beirut

1981  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

US Nuclear Tests and the Nevada Nuclear Test Site:

1979  CompuServe launches the first consumer internet service, which features the first public electronic mail service.

1979  USSR performs underground nuclear test.

1975  Dougal Haston and Doug Scott on the Southwest Face expedition become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest by any of its faces.

1973  Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.

1968  Swaziland joins the United Nations.

Swaziland, Its History, and Culture:

Permanent Mission of Swaziland to the United Nations:

1968  US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1962  United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.

1960  USS Enterprise, the world’s first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, is launched.

1957  President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.

1957  Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.

1951  USSR atmospheric performs nuclear test in Siberia, USSR.

USSR Atomic Bomb Project:

USSR’s Nuclear Weapons Tests:

Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests:

Effect and/or Impact of Nuclear Weapons Tests:

1950  Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A blue moon is seen as far away as Europe.

1948  The Honda Motor Company is founded.

Honda Motor Company:

1946  Clark Clifford and George Elsey, military advisers to US President Harry S. Truman, present him with a top-secret report on the Soviet Union that first recommends the containmentpolicy.

1946  Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong.

Cathay Pacific:

1935  Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi

1932  Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar agree to the Poona Pact, which reserved seats in the Indian provincial legislatures for the “Depressed Classes” (Untouchables).

Poona Pact:

Philosophy of Gandhi, and the Principle of Equality of People:

Controversies of Gandhi’s Philosophy over the Removal of the Untouchability:

1914  World War I: The Siege of Przemyśl (present-day Poland) begins.

Siege of Przemyśl:

Poland and Russia:

History of Poland:


Foreign Relations of Poland:

1906  US President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation’s first National Monument.

Devils Tower:

1890  The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.

1877  Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion

1873  Establishment of “Satyashodhak Samaj“, (Truth-seeker Movement) at Pune, Maharashtra, India by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule.

Satyashodhak Samaj:

Jyotirao Phule:

1869  Black Friday“: Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.

Black Friday of 1869:


(Sources and references:    to_September_24;    to september/24;  to september_24.html; and other pertinent web sites and/or documents, mentioned above.)

  1. The views expressed in the cited or quoted websites and/or documents in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the author of this article. These websites and/or documents are cited or quoted for academic or educational purposes. Neither the author of this article nor the Transcend Media Service (TMS) is responsible for the contents, information, or whatsoever contained in these websites and/or documents.
  2. One of the primary purposes of this article is to provide the readers with opportunities to think about “peace”, including positive peace and negative peace as well as external/outer peace and internal/inner peace, and more, directly or indirectly, from various angles and/or in the broadest sense, through historical events. It is because this article is prepared specifically for the TMS whose main objective is to address “peace”.

Satoshi Ashikaga, having worked as researcher, development program/project officer, legal protection/humanitarian assistance officer, human rights monitor-negotiator, managing-editor, and more, prefers a peaceful and prudent life, especially that in communion with nature.  His previous work experiences, including those in war zones and war-torn zones, remind him of the invaluableness of peace.  His interest and/or expertise includes international affairs, international law, jurisprudence, economic and business affairs, project/operations or organizational management, geography, history, the environmental/ecological issues, science and technology, visual/audio documentation of nature and culture, and more. Being a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace, Development and Environment, he is currently compiling This Week in History on TMS.

This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 18 Sep 2017.

Anticopyright: Editorials and articles originated on TMS may be freely reprinted, disseminated, translated and used as background material, provided an acknowledgement and link to the source, TMS: This Week in History, is included. Thank you.

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