The Lost Peace Discourse and the Arts as a Possible Way Out?
EDITORIAL, 21 Sep 2020
The discourse about, or for, peace has mostly disappeared over the last 2-3 decades. It applies to research (and its non-governmental funding possibilities), to politics in general and to the media.
In foreign and security politics, the intellectual level is now such that it does not even seem strange to decision-makers that they never obtain peace advice or consult peace experts. The fantasy-assumption is that if only there is enough military ‘security means’ applied to enough societal problems, peace will automatically come about.
I can’t remember having heard a parliamentarian or minister mention or conceptualise peace beyond the level of the state dinner speech – that is, devoid of theoretical and factual content as well as of meaning.
The mainstream media have no one who can focus on peace–not to mention to do peace journalism. Military, political, psychological and economic warfare as well as interventions–usually in the fake-and-omission mode–dominate the reporting.
Remarkably, that applies also to those who are firmly against these types of policies: the focus is critical but seldom constructive: What should and can be done? Think Chomsky.
Living in Sweden, I cannot remember the last 20 or so years to have seen a peace perspective applied to the world or a particular conflict by any mainstream media in the Nordic countries. There are simply no editors, reporters or journalists who are specialised in such a perspective. And “peace people” seem barred from those media.
So the peace discourse has vanished. Peace made invisible. Peace being treated as the big benign Godot in the middle of the room that everybody, knowingly or not, pretends will never come and is unrealistic–that is, irrelevant and much more unrealistic than the ongoing militarism, nuclearism, interventionism and ongoing destruction of that Nature on which we are all dependent and with which we must all have a partnership.
Those of us who have been engaged in international matters for about half a century are seen as survivors of a culture gone by–the culture, thinking, researching and action for peace. Welcome to the Museum of Peace and its niks…
In other words, in the corridors of today’s more or less kakistocratic (” a government that is ruled by the least suitable, able, or experienced people”) power circles, the word ‘peace’ will be met with silence, ridiculed, considered overly idealistic/unrealistic out of time and place.
Conclusion on those points: We should simply just continue in spite of all, lit the light in that darkness ’cause the times will change. If you work out of conviction, passion or talent–like, say, a composer–you don’t stop just because you don’t get attention. You continue because you are passionate about your values and goals and because–precisely in these times–you have a delightfully different story to tell: that peace is possible but requires different thinking, knowledge and policies.
That’s why we must change this fact: 95% of the people in the West, devote 95% of their energies to the world as it is–criticising this or that, producing diagnoses and prognoses, predicting catastrophes, issuing warnings and fighting each other about the right interpretation or making up conspiracies and propaganda.
But such negative energy won’t get us anywhere:
- When you fall ill, you don’t fancy a doctor who does only diagnosis and prognosis but has no ideas about treatment, do you?
- The focus ought to be on the better futures that are possible – imagining them and finding ways to reach them – together. Dear Elise Boulding always rightly told us that what people cannot imagine they won’t work for.
- We know more than enough about today’s problems to now attend creatively to what could be instead of what is…That is, a little of wisdom built on knowledge – as E F” Small is Beautiful” Schumacher expressed it: We are now so knowledgeable that we cannot do without wisdom.
In short positive energy put into visualising and “visionising”…
This leads me in this short article, as well as in my own life, to the question: What about art? Can the arts become one of the building blocks of the necessary bridge between what is and what could be? Between criticism and constructivism? Between now/here and vision/strategy? Between the blindness of the information avalanche and the seeing of a better future?
I believe it can, but with the qualification “in principle” or “theoretically”.
Art is fundamentally about seeing something less visible or not readily visible. It’s about realising something that does not yet exist but comes bursting out of the imagination. It’s about doing old things in new ways or doing what has never been done before.
Art is based on an emotionally/intuitively expressive urge to say something– also beyond empirical reality–to make a wake-up call to fellow global citizens. It’s the thing the artist does because she or he can do nothing better than exactly that. True art is existential, no matter today’s perverted commercial “art market” and “art industry” (and some who are inside that are indeed true artists anyhow, complicated and contradictory as it may seem).
If you can’t hear those defining qualities in, say, Beethoven’s Fifth or in Dylan’s poetry-music, if you cannot see it in Helen Frankenthaler’s paintings, sense it in Tolstoy’s writings, or in Elise’s writings–and Gandhi’s too–there is nothing I can do to explain what I mean.
But there is still at least one problem on my mind: Why is so much of the arts also focused more, much more, on violence, war, evil, death, drama, killing, aggression and suffering than on reconciliation, forgiveness, harmony, diversity, development, cooperation, joy, conviviality … and on peace? On problems rather than solutions? On history/present more than on the future?
The classical discussion – are humans fundamentally good or evil? – can be extended to: Do humans pay attention mostly to good or to evil? To problems or solutions? And that is much easier to answer.
You may now be thinking that I am exaggerating and that these matters can simply not be quantified. That’s a valid argument but I believe we should try to dialogue about it anyhow.
Many of the great works in literature, films, music, and paintings build on themes of violence and destruction and take their inspiration in the dark sides of human and societal nature, behaviour and actions. They ask the question why the past and present world is evil, rather than stimulate our imagination to perceive of the world as it could be, to paraphrase George Bernhard Shaw.
I was reminded of that when recently I went to the leading photography festival in Sweden, if not in Scandinavia, the Landskrona Photo Festival, which I always visit because I am also an art photographer.
Beyond any doubt, it shows high average quality, considerable diversity, many and highly topical themes, all the attributes defining fine curatorship.
So what was my problem? Well, that at least 40 percent of the exhibited works focus on war, genocide, massacre, concentration camps, the suffering of particular groups of people, the damned of the earth. And that much of the rest is either expressive of de-politicising identity issues or experimental photography, constructed, stage-set or hybrid, formalistic.
And it’s all pretty lifeless! No humour, satire, no attempt to depict beauty, conviviality, happiness. Or make the spectator think about peace.
I mean, what is the point of displaying yet another series of (documentary) images of skeletons from various massacres in the narrow, dark prison cells of a Citadel?
Is the assumption, perhaps, the – naive – one like the one surrounding Hiroshima and hibakusha films and photos, namely that by showing them the audience will be appalled and become more critical of warfare and other types of violence?
Is it part of the broader “violence industry” in which we also find the museums of wars and massacres and Holocaust too?
Or is it that it hits us emotionally and get an “automatic” mileage, a little like if a photographer takes portraits of celebrities rather than non-celebrities, then she or he becomes famous more easily?
Why are there so many more images in this world of destruction than of construction, of violence than of peace?
The very important World Press Photo contest is another—worse—example. Just take a look.
It’s filled with violence and suffering, and I am relatively sure that those who run these contests and festivals are not even aware of that bias or have discussed it. As if reality or the imagination or the creative impulse could not also be expressed through images of beauty and peace?
We live in an age influenced much more by images than by text or sound and everybody has become a kind of photographer. What the hundreds of images we more or less consciously perceive during a day through all sorts of media tell us about the world is extremely important in shaping our worldview.
Well, you may say, it’s always been the case that the negative dominated and fascinated us hasn’t it?
If so, let’s become a bit more peace-creative and re-balance it all!
Prof. Jan Oberg, Ph.D. is director of the Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research-TFF, also an Art Photographer, and a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment.
The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research in Lund, Sweden is independent of government and corporate funding and thus conducts truly free research. Thanks to its 60 expert Associates around the world, it has a well-respected capacity from on-the-ground conflict analysis and mediation work in places such as Georgia, ex-Yugoslavia, Israel-Palestine, Iraq, Burundi and Iran. Since 1986 TFF has worked for the UN Charter goal of peace by peaceful means. TFF produces truthful, comprehensive analyses and critiques the exaggerated use of violent means. That’s diagnosis and prognosis. But we also do treatment because the world will not become a better place without constructive dialogue and ideas.
Tags: Art, Conflict Analysis, Cruelty, Cultural violence, Culture of Violence, Direct violence, Invisible violence, Social conflict, Solutions, Structural violence
This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 21 Sep 2020.
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