U.N. Security Council Focus on World Hunger
EDITORIAL, 15 May 2023
On 23 May, the United Nations Security Council will hold a special briefing to address the issue of food insecurity under the chairmanship of Mr Alain Berset, President of the Swiss Confederation. During May, the rotating chairmanship is held by Switzerland led by the Swiss Ambassador to the United Nations in NY, Ms Pascale Baereswyl.
The meeting will have as background a 3 May 2023 report of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) concerning early warning on areas facing acute food insecurity. The report highlights that some 250 million persons are living in this situation of acute food insecurity with the Democratic Republic of Congo leading the list with some 27 million due to armed violence and the breakdown of governmental structures.
The Congo is followed by Ethiopia, largely due to fighting in the Tigray area. The war in Ukraine is also having a negative impact limiting production and export of food goods -a principal export of Ukraine. In addition to armed conflict, there is the growing impact of the consequences of climate change.
Today, cooperation on food insecurity is needed among the U.N. family of agencies, national governments, non-governmental organizations, and the millions of food producers to respond to this food crisis. These measures will have to be taken in a wholistic way with actions going from the local level of the individual farmer, the national level with new governmental policies, to measures at the multi-State regional level such as the European Union and the African Union, and at the world level with better coordinated action through the United Nations system.
There is a need for swift, short-term measures to help people now suffering from lack of food and malnutrition due to high food prices, inadequate distribution, and situations of violence. Such short-term action requires additional funding for the U.N. World Food Programme and the release of national food stocks. However, it is on the longer-range and structural issues on which we must focus our attention.
There is a need to promote a coordinated world food policy with an emphasis on the small-scale farmer and a new awareness that humans are part of Nature with a special duty to care and respect for the Earth’s inter-related life-support system.
Such a world food policy must be more than the sum of national food security programs. John Boyd Orr, the first Director General of the FAO proposed a World Food Board to stabilize food prices and supplies. He resigned as Director General when the food board proposal was not accepted and then devoted much of his energy to the world citizen movement.
Today, a world food policy need to build upon improving local self-reliance while not creating nationalistic policies which harm neighbours. Food is a key aspect of deep structural issues in the world society and thus must be seen in a wholistic framework. The briefing and debate of the U.N. Security Council may give us strong elements on which to promote a world food policy.
René Wadlow is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment. He is President of the Association of World Citizens, an international peace organization with consultative status with ECOSOC, the United Nations organ facilitating international cooperation and problem-solving in economic and social issues, and editor of Transnational Perspectives.
Tags: Africa, DRC, Food and Agriculture Organization FAO, Hunger, Right to Food, UNSC, United Nations, World Food Programme
This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 15 May 2023.
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