Articles by Bishnu Pathak

We found 49 results.


Process Documentation of Interfaith Peacebuilding Cycle: A Case Study from Nepal
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Aug 2018

4 Aug 2018 – Abstract: The concept of this study was to explicitly define the characteristics of Process Documentation (PD), a unique type of record keeping system. The PD is a process of lessons learned-centric piloting approach which is a neologism in Social Science research. The PD moves forward “anti-clock-wise” direction and generally applies to humanitarian agencies in support, care and emergency relief programs to deliver basic services to needy people.

→ read full article

World’s Transitional Justice Ironically Ensures Freedom to the Perpetrators Further Limiting Justice to the Victims
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Jul 2018

30 Jul 2018 – The objective of this writing is to dig out the abstract meanings from a Nepali language paper on Transitional Justice Practices in the World: Truth, Justice and Prosecution Being Shadowed. Transition is a gap period between the two-Government systems: old (past) and new (present and future). This is the situation when neither the old system (government) is completely collapsed nor a new one is fully established.

→ read full article

A Comparative Study of World’s Truth Commissions: From Madness to Hope
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Jul 2017

The objective of this paper is to explore the initiatives and practices of different countries in truth seeking. Many countries during the post-conflict, colonial, slavery, anarchical and cultural genocide periods establish the Truth Commissions to respond to the past human wrongdoings: crimes and crimes against humanity. Enforced disappearances, killings, rapes and inhumane tortures are wrongdoings.

→ read full article

Johan Galtung’s Conflict Transformation Theory for Peaceful World: Top and Ceiling of Traditional Peacemaking
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media service, 29 Aug 2016

Galtung has developed the TRANSCEND Method (conflict theory and practice, violence theory and practice, peace transformation, dialogue, and negotiation) to transform the conflict by peaceful means constituting a three-step approach, generally called TRANSCEND or Galtungian method.

→ read full article

World’s Disappearance Commissions: An Inhuman Quest for Truth
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 13 Jun 2016

Disappearance entails violation and abuse of many fundamental human rights: the right to liberty, to personal security, to humane treatment, freedom from torture and other cruel treatment, the right to a fair trial, to legal counsel, to equal treatment before and under law, to receive correct information, and the right of innocence unless proven guilty by the national and international human rights instruments.

→ read full article

Impacts of India’s Transit Warfare against Nepal
Professor Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Oct 2015

The present crisis of Nepal, rather than being homegrown, has been imported from India. All agitating Tarai-Madhes leaders accepted that they are being backed by India. There is a huge voice to take stern action to Ambassador Rae against the Goebbels’-style reporting.

→ read full article

Enforced Disappearance Commission: Truth, Justice and Reparation for Dignity
Prof. Bishnu Pathak - TRANSCEND Media Service, 24 Aug 2015

Enforced disappearance is a prototypical continuous act. The act occurs when a person secretly arrests, detains, tortures and disappears by conflicting forces, but refuses to acknowledge whereabouts of his or her fate . The dead body decomposes in such a way as not to ever be found.

→ read full article

Post-Earthquake to Relief Fund: Roles of Aid Agency, Nation in Nepal
Professor Bishnu Pathak - TRANSCEND Media Service, 8 Jun 2015

About six-dozen nations-states assisted on humanitarian aids and supplies in post-quake survivors. Among them, military with sniffer dogs from 18 countries arrived soon in Nepal. Nepalese Government failed to assure and maintain disaster aid diplomacy. Aid agency’s lost hope shall only be regained if a new national Government is formed soon.

→ read full article

An Impact Assessment of a Great Earthquake in Nepal
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 May 2015

A devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake on April 25, 2015 disrupted the lives of nine million people – almost a third of the population. A second one of magnitude 7.3 on May 12 further complicated getting aid to survivors mainly in the central Nepal. Thus, the challenge of quake is being turned to opportunity to make a new Nepal forming a national Government headed by a clean, dynamic and honest leadership.

→ read full article

Nepal’s Enforced Disappearance Commission: Roles of International Community
Dr. Bishnu Pathak - TRANSCEND Media Service, 18 May 2015

Enforced disappearance has been a long, but a neglected history in Nepal. It is derived from the laws of war where a person secretly arrest, detain, torture and disappear either by a State or armed force refusing to acknowledge whereabouts of his/her fate. The force tries hard to decompose the dead body in such a way not to ever be found.

→ read full article

Foreword to “$$$$$$s in Their Hearts”, the New Book by Alberto Portugheis
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. – TRANSCEND Media Service, 10 Nov 2014

[TRANSCEND member] Portugheis argues for a total change of organisational and individual perception, stressing that even most of the human rights organisations (such as Amnesty International, Human Rights groups, anti-war campaigners, including political leaders) do not speak of a weapon-free world. His motto of Enlightenment is to launch a campaign to educate and to promote a world free of militarism, thus free of war.

→ read full article

India’s PM Modi towards World’s Top Leader Keeping Confidence with Neighbors
Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 15 Sep 2014

The principal reason of insecurity to Modi is that he is speeding up his social doctrine to respect, protect, preserve, and promote poor, marginalized, disadvantaged, and vulnerable people, not limiting him within the border, but beyond of it.

→ read full article

Freedom
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 Jul 2014

Bishnu Pathak’s introduction to Alberto Portugheis’ book, ‘$$$$$s in Their Hearts,’ which will be launched soon. “Portugheis puts emphasis on the fact that weapons do not exist “for Peace”. They will never bring about Peace. Some of his aims are: to ensure basic support for the needy, (to stop them being “needy”) restrict weapon manufacturing to cover Police needs, abolish the Arms Trade and the disbanding of all armed forces.”

→ read full article

Human Security and Human Rights Harmonious to Inharmonious Relations
Dr. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 17 Mar 2014

Abstract – Human security and human rights are universal phenomena, poor to rich and individual to all people in the universe. Human security and human rights are harmonious to inharmonious natures. Human security is state to people-centered notion, whereas human rights are human-centered more.

→ read full article

Transformative Harmony and Inharmony in Nepal’s Peace Process
Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Jan 2014

Abstract: Two lines of thoughts: ‘first, the Maoist Army integration either into Nepal Army or society is an end of peace process and second, the integration is a part of it’ are available in Nepal. The parties empowered by power, politics and property argue as former and majority of general people and other forces believe on latter.

→ read full article

Elections to Constituent Assembly II – Voice of the Voiceless People of Nepal
Prof Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Oct 2013

The term “voiceless” represent from among the people who live both at countryside and urban center, but their voice do not necessarily influence the policy formation or decision making at the center. They are the neutral people in all professions often used as elevators by the parties and leaders for their specific purpose, simply vote-banks.

→ read full article

Origin and Development of Human Security
Prof. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jul 2013

Human security is complementary to human rights. It is a comprehensive, interrelated, and coordinated concept that encompasses freedom from want, freedom from fear, freedom to live in dignity, and freedom to inherit pro-nature environment for forthcoming generations as fundamental rights.

→ read full article

Nepal’s First Peace Event 2013 with Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung
Dr. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Feb 2013

Perhaps an internationally acclaimed person of authority on conflict transformation by peaceful means may ignite the political consensus process amongst the concerned stakeholders and actors of Nepal. In the context, it is natural to have great expectations from the Founding Father of Peace Studies in the world, Professor Dr. Johan Galtung, who is visiting Nepal for the first Peace Event in Kathmandu from February 10th to 18th, 2013.

→ read full article

Transitional Security
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Feb 2013

Prime Minister of Nepal said, “Peace process is ended completing the integration of the Maoist Army (MA)” . PM counted it as a major achievement. Same sentence was also said by Nepali Congress, CPN (UML), and other political parties every day previously. Such speaking raised several questions.

→ read full article

Principles of Harmony
Bishnu Pathak, PhD- TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Dec 2012

Peace is the process for perfection whereas harmony is a perfect relationship. Peace may be experienced alone by a person whereas harmony is a systematic character between two or more persons or parties; harmony is always a plural condition. Peace may be enjoyed alone; harmony is living together peacefully. Peace implies calmness; harmony requires unity.

→ read full article

The ABC of Harmony
Dr. Bishnu Pathak* - TRANSCEND Media Service, 15 Oct 2012

This is the first exclusive book to deal scientifically on harmony, harmonious civilization, harmonic education, and cross-cultural dialogues across the world at local, regional, national, and international levels.

→ read full article

Federalism Risk Assessment
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Feb 2012

Today, 40 percent of the world population lives under the rule of a federal state, but 60 percent under unitary. 30 (16% out of 192 UN members) matured, emergent, and micro-federations practice federalism. They are comprised not only of powerful and developed nations, but developing countries as well.

→ read full article

Nepal: Announcement of Federal States Is the Beginning of the End of the Country
Dr. Bishnu Pathak – TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Jan 2012

Sujit Mainali for The Telegraph Weekly and its online edition telegraphnepal.com approached and interviewed this scholar on several aspects of Nepali politics, ongoing peace process and security related issues. Below the excerpts of this exclusive interview: Chief Editor.

→ read full article

The Issue of Federalism in Nepal Appears More Complex than the Peace Process and Constitution Writing
Dr. Bishnu Pathak (Nepal) – TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Jan 2012

Federalism in present Nepal has become a topic of great contention.

→ read full article

Civil-Military Relations: Theories to Practices
Bishnu Pathak, PhD and Surendra Uprety – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 Nov 2011

Civil Military Relations constitute the relationship between the state and civil society on one side and the military organization(s) on the other. They correlate the civilian and military authorities in a given society. Democratic Civilian Control (DCC) is the conception of military/armed forces controlled by the elected representatives of a given state or nation.

→ read full article

Women and DDR-Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Sep 2011

The paper provides an overview of the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) practices existing in the world. It researches when and for what purposes the United Nations initiate DDR programs in post-conflict countries. It examines the scale and consequences of the various roles of ex-combatants, particularly the women ex-combatants in a transitional society. It aims to compare and explore some of the best and worst practices of DDR and militarized masculinity before, during, and after the violence. Secondary literatures mostly draw on to learn from yesterday, analyze to live for today, and encourage to hope for tomorrow.

→ read full article

Approaches to Citizen-Centric Policing
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 13 Jun 2011

Citizen-Centric Policing (CCP) or Neighborhood Policing (NP) is radar of Community Policing (CP). The CP is a policing practice that aims to increase interaction between citizens and police officials for public safety and quality of life in the community. More than tactics, strategy, and technique, it has become the national mantra to spring up in urban, suburban, and even rural police departments or police stations. The CP promises to change relationships progressively to improve the living conditions of neighborhoods.

→ read full article

Insecurity in Security
Bishnu Pathak, PhD, Peace and Conflict Studies Center – TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 May 2011

The burgeoning Chinese, Indian and Pakistani influence raises alarm in transitional Nepal which has an open border with both China and India. Escalating Chinese influence in Nepal has been a grave concern to India. Indeed, a small land-locked country surrounded by two of the world’s most populous and growing superpower nations, Nepal is caught in a unique pull-push insecurity situation as it gropes for true democracy.

→ read full article

The UN Mission in Nepal-UNMIN’s Humiliating Withdrawal
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 21 Mar 2011

The UNMIN obtained a final four-month extension effective from September 16, 2010 till January 15, 2011. The UNMIN ended its role ow­ing to heavy criticism from non-Mao­ist parties and returned from Nepal. It withdrew leaving reintegration, rehabilitation and democratization half-way, unlike many other UN missions in the world… A Special Committee (SC) has re­placed the UNMIN and implements its mandate against provisional ethics. The UNMIN was established under Nepal’s special circumstances. It was a neutral and common platform while the SC mostly comprises political ac­tors on the basis of a political decision. The role of the SC is neither defined by agreements and accords, nor does it have constitutional authority. There is also no role for neutral experts.

→ read full article

Lessons Learned from Nepal’s People’s Victory 2006
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 Mar 2011

After successfully ousting Tunisian and Egyptian tyrannical regimes, the oppressed masses have taken to the streets of numerous cities in the Arab World with the hope that change for freedom is possible. The Arab world has a long history of frozen conflicts, but from the gravity of events in the first quarter of 2011, it has already been a year of people’s uprising.

→ read full article

UNMIN’s Withdrawal Formally Winds up Maoist Army Cantonment and Barracking of the Nepal Army
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. – TRANSCEND Media Service, 20 Dec 2010

The Sanskrit adage Buvukshitah kim na karoti papam? (What vice is unthinkable to an empty stomach?) occurred in mind when we (including Freelance Journalist Jibanath Khanal) were deliberating upon the “U-turn” of Nepal’s peace process, wondering whether the successor of UNMIN could take over the monitoring and supervision of the arms and armies. While a full-stomach seeks freedom first, an empty stomach looks for food above all temptations.

→ read full article

Approaches to Peacebuilding in Nepal: Experiments in Various Dimensions
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D., Peace & Conflict Study Center, Nepal – TRANSCEND Media Service, 15 Nov 2010

During the Cold War, the world was largely divided into two opposing camps, capitalism and communism. Johan Galtung, the father of peace studies, has stated that nationalisms, ethnicities and religious identities in the post-Cold War era have led Western intellectuals to reconsider the role of these factors in the developing world order (Galtung 2008a: 10).

→ read full article

Nepali Diaspora in Australia
Bishnu Pathak, PhD, Peace and Conflict Study Center – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Sep 2010

The author visited Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (CPACS) at the University of Sydney to participate at the TRANSCEND Global Meeting; “Enabling Peace: Pedagogy and Training”, in early July 2010. The meeting was approved to establish the TRANSCEND Peace University (TPU), South Asia Regional Chapter, the first ever in Nepal. While I visited John Street in Grandville, in the New South Wales Sydney, I found a total of 12 Nepali families.

→ read full article

Assessing Maoists Janaandolan III in Theory
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. - TRANSCEND Media Service, 31 May 2010

Puspa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda, Chairperson of the United Communist Party of Nepal or UCPN (Maoist), has time and again said that the party he represents is being isolated from the mainstream power-politics. Grave connotations can be drawn from this juncture of peace and epoch of constitutional writing.

→ read full article

Nepal’s Peace Process Towards Ambiguity
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 May 2010

At 2.20 PM on May 1, 2010 at the western gate of the Khula Manch (Martyr Theater), an aged, thin-and-weak man of about 35 fainted. The volunteers of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) made a human chain of 10 meters in circumference around the huge crowd. A few of them tried to cool him down by fanning their caps and papers and throwing their drinking water over him. Both of his legs were buckled from the intense heat, while camera men were eager to snap photos. The crowd members were seeking first aiders to treat him. Two minutes later, he stood up with the help of a man. His face and lips were dried. A woman aiding him grasped his right hand and disappeared with him through the sea of humans.

→ read full article

A Darkening Scenario in Nepal
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Apr 2010

Nepal may again find itself in the middle of a deep national crisis if a new Constitution is not announced by the stipulated date.

→ read full article

STRUGGLING FOR TRUE SOVEREIGNTY
Bishnu Pathak, PhD – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Apr 2010

Land-locked Nepal has always existed in giant India’s shadow. However, now that its people have tasted democracy, they want to shake off Indian influence and become masters of their own destiny. Nepal has long historic, strategic, geo-political, commercial and socio-cultural relations with India. There has been a protracted debate and discourse to continuously improve such […]

→ read full article

DISARMAMENT, DEMOBILIZATION AND REINTEGRATION, AND SECURITY SECTOR REFORM IN NEPAL: A PRELIMINARY SOCIOLOGICAL OBSERVATION
Bishnu Pathak, PhD & Devendra Uprety – TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Mar 2010

1.    Setting         Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a continuous process to all countries and regions, including politically stable states, fragile states, and post-conflict countries. However, it is widely understood that there need to be urgent SSR priorities in countries emerging from large-scale violent conflict. Over the years, Nepalese society has undergone deep structural […]

→ read full article

CHILD SOLDIERS: CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY
Pawan Bimali and Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. – Conflict Study Center, Nepal, 23 Dec 2009

Executive Summary Each year thousands of children under 18-year have been affected by armed conflict, directly and indirectly. They are recruited on the hope (of better future), fear, and insecurity. Child soldier is widely practiced in the form of spies, porters, messengers, cooks, lay or clear landmines, training or guarding other children, weapons transport workers, […]

→ read full article

TARAI-MADHES: SEARCHING FOR IDENTITY BASED SECURITY
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D. and Devendra Uprety – Conflict Study Center, Nepal, 24 Oct 2009

Peace, justice and freedom must be major components of any future security in Nepal. However, Nepal’s transition is deepening in crisis due to the growing ranks of rebel forces, particularly in the Tarai-Madhes. While the State fails to deliver security to the ordinary people, particularly in countryside, the peace process of Nepal is endangered, justice […]

→ read full article

FEDERALISM: RISK ASSESSMENT
Bishnu Pathak, PhD, 16 Jul 2009

Today, 40 percent of the world population lives under the rule of a federal state, but 60 percent under unitary.  30 (16% out of 192 UN members) matured, emergent, and micro-federations practice federalism.   They are comprised not only of powerful and developed nations, but developing countries as well; namely, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, […]

→ read full article

FEDERALISM: LESSONS FROM INDIA
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D., 21 Jun 2009

Indian federalism is the simultaneity of two processes – the unionization process and the regionalization process.– Ajay Kumar Singh Introduction India became independent in 1947. Its parliament, also serving as a Constituent Assembly (CA), drafted the new constitution that came into effect on January 26, 1950, establishing the federal union of India. India is the […]

→ read full article

NEPAL-INDIA RELATIONS: OPEN SECRET DIPLOMACY
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D., 31 May 2009

Setting The United Maoist-led Government resigned as of May 4, 2009 and its resignation has been accepted.  Almost three weeks back, the senior UML leader, Madhav Kumar Nepal, who failed to win people’s trust in two constituencies he challenged in the last Constituent Assembly (CA) election, was unanimously elected as the second Prime Minister of […]

→ read full article

ARMY IN POLITICS, POLITICS IN THE ARMY
Bishnu Pathak, PhD, 17 May 2009

Setting The confrontation between the United CPN (Maoist) and the then Royal Nepal Army began when the former first attacked the Army barracks in Ghorahi, Dang on November 24, 2001 and continued up to the initiation of the Popular Movement (Jana Andolan II) in April 2006. When the present Prime Minister (PM), Puspa Kamal Dahal, […]

→ read full article

NEPAL’S PEACE PROCESS AT THE CROSSROADS
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D., 17 May 2009

Setting The fluid political situation of the country culminated in the Government of Nepal ousting the Chief of Army Staff (CoAS), Rookmangud Katawal, and appointed Lt. General Kul Bdr. Khadka as Acting Head of the Nepal Army (NA) at 11.30 Hrs. on May 3, 2009. Alleging the executive power holder government’s decision unconstitutional, president Dr. […]

→ read full article

THE CULTURE OF MILITARIZATION IN SOUTH ASIA – BOTH ARMIES’ NEW RECRUITMENT IN NEPAL
Bishnu Pathak and Devendra Uprety, 23 Mar 2009

1.     The Setting South Asia is facing complexities due to a growing trend of militarization, exceeding that of political or ideological indoctrination. Military culture not only prevails in security forces and mainstream political parties, but is spread in the form of identity politics throughout class, group, community, institution, and so forth.  This cultural force […]

→ read full article

MODELING THE INTEGRATION OF THE MAOIST COMBATANTS: DDR OR SSR?
Bishnu Pathak, Ph.D., 18 Dec 2008

Conflict Study Center – Nepal A. Conceptual Clarity The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)-led Coalition Government constituted a High-Level five-member Special Committee for Army Integration (SCAI) on October 28, 2008 headed by Deputy Prime Minister Bam Dev Gautama for integration and rehabilitation of the Maoist ex-combatants into the new National Army. Other members are: Minister […]

→ read full article

THE UNITED NATIONS: CHALLENGES FOR PEACE
Bishnu Pathak, PhD, 1 Nov 2008

“I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent.”-Mahatma Gandhi “We, the peoples of the United Nations, determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind and to reaffirm faith […]

→ read full article

MAOIST NEW NEPAL: INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM COVERED BY SOCIALISM
Bishnu Pathak PhD and Neil Horning. Assisted by Surendra Uprety (PhD student), Rushma Shakya, Rita Chaudhary, Ganga Puri and Meena Siwakoti, 6 Oct 2008

The reactions to the budget from the nation’s policymakers and critics are often guided by four motives. Those who made the budget in the past regard it as imbalanced and untenable and heap praise on their own budget. Others who suffered defeat in the CA polls from the Maoists are scared of the perpetual marginalization […]

→ read full article