Articles by Johan Galtung

We found 961 results.


Jesus, Judas and Che Guevara
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 8 Apr 2024

There is an exercise called Western Civilization, and a dramatic narrative at the center of that exercise with two persons in the key roles, Jesus and Judas.  Easter times, now, are here to remind us of the drama.

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(Italiano) Ritorno di Gaza
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Apr 2024

Oltre l’immane tragedia umana in svolgimento nell’atrocità di Gaza, prende forma una domanda: i dirigenti israeliani, politici e militari, hanno perso del tutto il lume della ragione? Un maglio per un mal di denti, quelle punture d’ago di razzi lanciati per rabbia, 8 uccisi – e allora ne uccidono 800?

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After the US Empire: A World of Regions?
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Apr 2024

Nonviolence, sophistication, world, and domestic traffic rules as opposed to endless interventionism for whatever purpose. May the current Asian blend of age-old wisdom and youthful energy inspire a world filled with pessimism and fear.

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(Italiano) Globalizzare Dio: Religione e pace nelle scienze sociali
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Mar 2024

Le letture arcigne portano all’intolleranza o alla tolleranza malmustosa. Quanto mai necessari: rispetto e curiosità; dialogo e reciproco apprendimento. C’è tanta saggezza! La si selezioni! Si estrapoli conciliando! Si vada oltre i confini territoriali di stato e culturali di nazione, e di trascendano quelli mentali gelosamente protetti, fra le discipline e le religioni.

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Gaza Redux
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Mar 2024

Johan Galtung wrote this seminal Editorial in 2009 and is being republished to offer a context to Gaza 2024. What has changed? What remains the same? What devolved? What if…? Israel, beware the grave you are digging for yourself.

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(Italiano) Israele e il 76° anniversario della dichiarazione unilaterale di indipendenza
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 18 Mar 2024

Israele celebra il 76° anniversario della dichiarazione unilaterale di indipendenza di David Ben Gurion. E il conto della shoa viene sempre più presentato agli arabi in generale, ai palestinesi in particolare, a partire da al naqba, l’orrore di 711.000 persone cacciate dalle loro case in Palestina, nei campi, nelle diaspore. Fino alla morte. [Che porta al genocidio del 2024].

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Globalizing God: Religion and Peace in the Social Sciences
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 18 Mar 2024

Hard readings lead to intolerance or grudging tolerance. Badly needed: respect and curiosity; dialogue and mutual learning. There is so much wisdom! Select! Eclect! Go beyond state-territorial and national-cultural borders, and transcend those jealously guarded borders in the mind, between disciplines and religions.

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Israel at Seventy Six
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Mar 2024

Israel is celebrating its 76th anniversary of David Ben Gurion’s unilateral declaration of independence. And the bill for shoa is increasingly placed at the feet of Arabs in general, the Palestinians in particular, starting with al naqba, the horror of 711,000 chased out of their homes in Palestine, to camps, diasporas. To death. [Leading to the 2024 Genocide.]

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(Italiano) Trasformazione del conflitto come modalità di vita
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Mar 2024

l conflitto è il nostro destino. Come lo sono i microrganismi, allora meglio imparare a maneggiare tali situazioni. L’esporsi al conseguimento di obiettivi bloccati dal conseguimento di altri obiettivi si può superare se la nostra capacità di resistenza è sufficiente, come un’infezione si può superare con il sistema immunitario.

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Conflict Transformation as a Way of Life
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Feb 2024

If you cannot remove conflict, why not adjust your thinking about it? Why not try and see conflict as the salt of life, the big energizer, the tickler, the tantalizer, rather than as a bothersome nuisance, as noise in perfect channel, as disturbing ripples in otherwise quiet waters?

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(Italiano) Spiritualità e lavoro sui conflitti
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Feb 2024

L’Occidente ha respinto la religione nell’illuminismo-modernità-secolarismo, e sta adesso assistendo a una qualche rinascita religiosa. Allora la spiritualità entra come concetto sovrordinato, basato su elementi della maggior parte delle religioni e su valori laici.

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The World beyond Global Disorder
Johan Galtung & Keil Eggers – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Feb 2024

See Accompanying Editorial, 29 Jan 2024

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Spirituality and Conflict Work
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Feb 2024

The West has rejected religion under enlightenment-modernity-secularism, and is now experiencing some rebirth of religion.  Spirituality then enters as an over-arching concept, building on elements in most religions and on secular values. World power now moves from a spiritually poor Occident to a richer Orient. 

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(Italiano) Il mondo oltre il disordine globale
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Feb 2024

31 Gennaio 2024 – La forza di questo forum è il suo focus sulle civiltà; usiamolo per l’analisi e i rimedi. Le forme più importanti di disordine usano la violenza; la guerra è violenza organizzata dallo stato. Gli stati più bellicosi sono gli Stati Uniti d’America e Israele, entrambi con radici di civiltà.

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The World beyond Global Disorder
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 29 Jan 2024

The strength of this forum is its civilization focus; let us use it for analysis and remedies. Major forms of disorder use violence; war is state organized violence. The most belligerent states are the United States of America and Israel, both with civilization roots.

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Some Perspectives on Veterans of Current Wars
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 8 Jan 2024

These are not clear-cut good wars of Good against Evil. The goals of USA-West, beyond suppressing “insurrection”, include revenge, paranoia, economic interests, getting bases for future wars far from “good”. The goals of an enemy defined by US-West as Evil, are often badly understood or not at all.

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Prof. Galtung: Nationalism and Migration in Relation to Peace
Johan Galtung | University of Antwerp – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jan 2024

25 Apr 2016 – The University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp–UCSIA

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Mao and Gandhi: Comparing Two Giants
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 25 Dec 2023

Two important anniversary messages: One, anniversary of the Chinese Revolution, guided by Mao, violently, on 1 Oct. The other: anniversary of Gandhi, restoring India to its people, nonviolently, on 2 Oct.

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(Italiano) Come finiscono le guerre?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 27 Nov 2023

Sparavano sulla Colonna nemica da dietro steccati, alberi, granai, muri, da dentro le case, poi ricaricavano, avanzavano in fretta e sparavano di nuovo. Uno strano tipo nuovo di guerreggiare per i britannici senza esperienza né addestramento in merito. A loro pareva disonorevole, nascondersi e sparare a uomini allo scoperto che non potevano neppure vedere i propri nemici. Come scrisse una Giubba Rossa alla famiglia: Non ci combattevano da esercito regolare, solo come selvaggi”.

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How Do Wars End?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 20 Nov 2023

They would shoot at the enemy column from behind fences, trees, barns, walls, from inside houses. This was a strange, new type of warfare to the British, neither experienced nor trained for it.  To them it seemed dishonorable, hiding and shooting at men in the open who could not even see their enemies.  A Redcoat wrote his family: “They did not fight us like a regular army, only like savages.”

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(Italiano) Sociocidio, Genocidio, Ecocidio di Israele a Gaza
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Oct 2023

Gli USA e Israele sono nati allo stesso modo, come popolo eletto di Dio con tanto di terre promesse, ricorrendo al sociocidio e al genocidio (gli USA). Senza cambiar politica possono declinare e cadere anche allo stesso modo. E magari presto.

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(Italiano) Palestina e Israele: come sarebbe la pace
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 30 Oct 2023

Le visioni/intuizioni di Galtung son quanto mai rilevanti oggi in vista della pulizia ernica degli abitanti di Gaza da parte IDF, debitamente disinfettata, banalizzata, normalizzata dalle narrazioni dei telegiornali mondiali. Il riferimento a Hamas del presidente Biden come ‘l’altra squadra’ rivela le loro mentalità: si tratta di una partita, non una faccenda di vita e di morte per i 2 milioni d’abitanti di Gaza massacrati mentre ne parliamo. È tragico che le guerre vincano le elezioni nelle (cosiddette) democrazie dell’Occidente.

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Palestine/Israel: What Peace Would Look Like
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 23 Oct 2023

Johan Galtung’s insights are crucially relevant today in view of the ethnic cleansing of Gazans by the IDF—duly sanitized, trivialized, normalized by TV News Media narratives. Pres. Biden’s reference to Hamas as ‘the other team’ reveals their mindsets: it’s a game, not a matter of life and death for the 2 million being massacred as we speak. It is tragic that wars win elections in the (so called) democracies of the West.

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Israel’s Sociocide, Genocide, Ecocide in Gaza
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 Oct 2023

Sociocide is the killing of a society’s capacity to survive, to reproduce itself, a crime against humanity. The USA and Israel were born the same way, as God’s chosen people with promised lands, using sociocide and genocide (the USA).  With no policy change they may also decline and fall the same way.  Even soon.

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(Italiano) Spiritualità e pace
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Sep 2023

30 Agosto 2023 – Il nostro mondo manca chiaramente di qualcosa, anzi molto, nei propri sforzi di conseguire la pace. E fra questo c’è quanto espresso dalla parola “spiritualità”, abusata all’incirca quanto la parola “pace”, proprio perché entrambe incarnano tanti nostri sogni.

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The Doctrine of ‘Just War’
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Aug 2023

Let it be clear that the present author is against war, there being no “but”. War as an institution is an abomination, like slavery and colonialism. The key word is institution, legitimized by social norms and mores. A doctrine of just war is designed to offer a legitimization by seeing the evil of war as something that can be outweighed by possible positive outcomes.

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Spirituality and Peace
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Aug 2023

28 Aug 2023 – Our world is clearly missing much in its efforts to achieve peace. It is expressed by the word “spirituality”, as overused as the word “peace” precisely because both embody so many of our dreams. Tell me your spirituality, and I will tell how much peace there is in you.

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(Italiano) Studi di pace: ispirazione, obiettivi, conseguimenti
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 24 Jul 2023

La pace piace ai cuori, gli studi al cervello. Sono necessari entrambi, anzi indispensabili. ma altrettanto indispensabile è una connessione valida fra cervello e cuore. Ed è ben questo, in essenza, ciò di cui trattano gli studi e la prassi di pace.

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Peace Studies: Inspiration, Objectives, Achievement
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 17 Jul 2023

Peace appeals to the heart; studies to the brain. Both are needed, indeed indispensable. But equally indispensable is a valid link between brain and heart. And that, in a nutshell, is what peace studies and peace practice are all about.

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(Italiano) Alcune note sulla teoria dell’Evoluzione
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 12 Jun 2023

31 Maggio 2023 – Si fa un gran parlare di evoluzione e pace; avendoci lavorato su di tanto in tanto, ecco alcune note sulla teoria dell’evoluzione.

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Some Notes on Evolution Theory
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 29 May 2023

There is much talk about evolution and peace and, having worked on it off and on, here are some notes.

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(Italiano) Immanuel Wallerstein su sinistra e destra globali
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 23 Jan 2023

Crisi, appunto. La via d’uscita è un discorso nuovo, meno materiale, più spirituale; qualcosa per cui vivere, non solo da. In questo momento Wallerstein vede il capitalismo in crisi senza rimedio–di cui non sono così sicuro–e anche l’egemonia americana in crisi senza rimedio–una visione che condivido–, come la caduta di un impero per il quale i locali le élite erano solite uccidere e governare; ora deve fare la maggior parte degli omicidi da solo.

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Immanuel Wallerstein on the Global Left and Right
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 Jan 2023

Crisis, indeed. The way out is a new discourse, less material, more spiritual; something to live for, not only from. Right now Wallerstein sees capitalism in crisis with no remedy–of which I am not so sure–and the US hegemony also in a crisis with no remedy–a view I share–, as the fall of an empire for which local elites used to kill and rule; now having to do most killings itself.

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Nationalism and Migration in Relation to Peace
Johan Galtung | Univ. of Antwerp – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Dec 2022

Lecture by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung at the University of Antwerp (Belgium) on 21 Apr 2016 – “His work has a unique imprint on many scholarly disciplines; it is a combination of systematic scientific inquiry and a Gandhian ethics of peaceful means and harmony.”

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(Italiano) Il risveglio arabo-musulmano e USA/Israele
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Nov 2022

Il risveglio arabo è contro la violenza e la corruzione a favore della democrazia, della crescita e dell’occupazione, e contro il dominio USA-Israele. Ma credere che l’Islam tolleri il secolarismo imposto è incredibilmente ingenuo. C’è un risveglio musulmano. Tuttavia, ci sono molti islam, come ci sono i cristiani e gli ebraismi. Come reagiscono USA-Israele e quale sarebbe una reazione positiva alla loro reazione?

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The Arab/Muslim Awakening–and USA/Israel
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 21 Nov 2022

The Arab awakening is against the violence and corruption in favor of democracy, growth and jobs, and against US-Israel domination. But to believe that Islam tolerates imposed secularism is incredibly naive. There is a Muslim awakening. However, there are many Islams, like there are Christianities and Judaisms. How do USA-Israel react, and what would be a positive reaction to their reaction?

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Prof. Dietrich Fischer, Co-Founder of TRANSCEND, Passed Away on 18 Oct 2015
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 17 Oct 2022

My dear friend, co-founder of TRANSCEND in 1993 with myself and Fumiko Nishimura left us on this date after a short hospital stay in coma, basically due to his diabetes for many years. Let us celebrate your life while deploring that you are no longer among us, in deep gratitude for all you did to inspire and help–and for peace in general. RIP

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Galtung on Militarism
Prof. Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Oct 2022

Solve the Underlying Conflict

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On the Ongoing Decline and Fall of the US Empire
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Sep 2022

Empires have different profiles. The US Empire has a complete configuration, articulated in a statement by a Pentagon planner: “The de facto role of the United States Armed Forces will be to keep the world safe for our economy and open to our cultural assault. To those ends, we will do a fair amount of killing”. In other words, direct violence to protect structural violence legitimized by cultural violence.

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(Italiano) Sociocidio, Genocidio, Ecocidio d’Israele in Palestina
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis –TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Sep 2022

Sociocidio è un nuovo concetto che non ha ancora trovato il proprio spazio nel diritto internazionale positivo. Genocidio, l’ineffabile crimine di uccisione di massa di membri di un genus, una nazione, per nessun altro motivo che tale loro appartenenza.

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(Norsk-Norwegian) Israels forbrytelser mot Palestina
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 29 Aug 2022

Samfunnsdrap er villet lemlestelse – drap av et samfunn ved å eliminere forutsetningene for et levende, levende, dynamisk samfunn.

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Israel’s Sociocide, Genocide, Ecocide in Palestine
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Aug 2022

Sociocide is the killing of a society’s capacity to survive, to reproduce itself, should become equally prominent a crime against humanity. The USA and Israel were born the same way, as God’s chosen people with promised lands, using sociocide and genocide. With no policy change they may also decline and fall the same way. Even soon.

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(Italiano) Medio Oriente e giornalismo mancante su conflitto e pace
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis - TRANSCEND Media Service, 11 Jul 2022

8 Luglio 2022 – Due immagini di affari internazionali, affari umani a dire il vero, due discorsi: l’approccio securitario e l’approccio pacifista; che competono per la nostra attenzione trattando la stessa preoccupazione per la violenza ma in modo diametralmente opposto.

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The Missing Journalism on Conflict and Peace–and the Middle East
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Jul 2022

Two images of international affairs, or human affairs for that matter, two discourses: the security approach and the peace approach.  They compete for our attention and address the same concern with violence but are diametrically opposed.

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Glenn D. Paige (28 Jun 1929 – 22 Jan 2017): A Giant for Peace Leaves Behind an Indelible Mark – In Memoriam
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 17 Jan 2022

His transformation from praising a killing society, USA, in the Korean War to invoking a non-killing society did not come easily. To revoke his own book on the Korea War decision, and the prize received for that book, has few equals.

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(Italiano) Antisemitismo arma politica controproducente
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis - TRANSCEND Media Service, 15 Nov 2021

Non solo questo, sta producendo altri sentimenti anti-ebraici e antisraeliani, andando in cerca di antisemitismo [altrui] come [propria] legittimazione anche dove non ce n’è. Io, per esempio, sono un ricercatore di pace profondamente interessato a evitare genocidi come la shoah, a realizzare i sogni sionisti di un Israele con un carattere ebraico, e a lottare contro l’antisemitismo.

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“Anti-Semitism” as Political Weapon Is Now Backfiring
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 8 Nov 2021

Not only that, it is producing more anti-Jewish and anti-Israel sentiment; in search of anti-Semitism as legitimation also where there is none. I, for instance, am a peace researcher deeply concerned with avoiding genocides like the shoa, realizing Zionist dreams of Israel with a Jewish character, and fighting anti-Semitism.

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Jesus, Judas and Che Guevara
Prof. Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Oct 2021

Che Guevara, of the Bolivia diaries and the brilliant movie based on them, was assassinated by the CIA on 9 Oct 1967. In an interview in the early 60s he conveyed to this author his disappointment that his respected Fidel privileged Soviet support against a US attack, and the Soviets wanted raw sugar in return for their industrial goods.

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The Fall of the U.S. Empire–And Then What?
Prof. Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 27 Sep 2021

An empire is a transborder Center-Periphery system in macro-space and macro-time with a culture legitimizing a structure of unequal exchange between center and periphery: economically, exploiters/exploited as inequity; militarily, killers/victims as enforcement; politically, dominators/dominated as repression; culturally, alienators/alienated as conditioning. Empires have different profiles.

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(Italiano) ONU: Due imperi in crollo – e poi?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis - TRANSCEND Media Service, 16 Aug 2021

9 Agosto 2021 – Washington: C’è Storia nel voto ONU del 29 novembre 2012: 138 SI’ per dare alla Palestina lo status di “stato osservatore non-membro” ONU, solo 9 NO, e 41 astensioni.

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“Tell me how you behave in any given conflict; I will tell you how much peace culture you have.”
Prof. Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 9 Aug 2021

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages, including 50 Years-100 Peace and Conflict Perspectives published by TRANSCEND University Press. His book, Transcend and Transform, was translated to 25 languages. He has published more than 1700 articles and book chapters and over 500 Editorials for TRANSCEND Media Service. More information about Prof. Galtung and all of his publications can be found at transcend.org/galtung.

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(Italiano) Israele-Palestina: come appare la pace
Prof. Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Aug 2021

Ma il peacebuilding non è sufficiente; abbiamo bisogno pure del peacemaking – una soluzione politica – e il peacekeeping.  E qui entra in ballo l’EU: non solo come mediatrice, ma come modello, che sistema brillantemente una Germania che si era resa molo difficile da digerire dai paesi circostanti. Ieri.  Come Israele, oggi.

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UN: Two Empires Crumbling–and Then What?
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Aug 2021

The USA is out of touch. Stop droning, killing; make a beautiful North America with Mexico and Canada. Add it all up: the fall of the US empire is on track. How about Israel? Heading for a cliff of its own making: suicide. Israel is out of touch. A regime change from within is needed.

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Israel-Palestine: What Peace Looks Like
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Jul 2021

But peacebuilding is not sufficient; we need also peacemaking–a political solution–and peacekeeping.  And here the EU enters: not only as a mediator, but as model, brilliantly accommodating a Germany that had made itself very difficult to digest by surrounding countries. Yesterday.  Like Israel. Today.

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“Tell me how you behave in conflict. I will tell you how much peace culture you have.”
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 24 May 2021

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author…

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(Italiano) Applicazioni di Ahimsa–Nonviolenza nel Quotidiano
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis - TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 May 2021

30 Aprile 2021 – Il TRANSCEND Peace Development Environment Network ha iniziato con conflitti geopolitici a livello macro e mega; molti ben noti e drammatici. Ma i conflitti nella vita di tutti i giorni, a scuola, nella coppia-famiglia, al lavoro possono essere ancora più drammatici.

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Applications of Ahimsa-Nonviolence in Daily Life
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 26 Apr 2021

The TRANSCEND Peace Development Environment Network started with geopolitical macro and mega conflicts; many well known and dramatic.  But conflicts in daily life, at school, in couples-family, at work may be even more dramatic; at the micro level within the persons involved, between them, in the context, and at the meso level of social groups.

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Q: “If conflict is an inherent aspect of life, how do we know when we’ve achieved positive peace?”
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 15 Mar 2021

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages

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How Do You Define Peace?
Johan Galtung | Al Jazeera/The Stream – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Mar 2021

April 2012 – Is US global dominance in decline? We discuss the future of geopolitics with Prof. Johan Galtung.

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“To me, peace is something we create and often in new ways, not to be frozen into a handbook of law–although the law could also be useful as one guide among many.”
Prof. Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 22 Feb 2021

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages, including 50 Years-100 Peace and Conflict Perspectives published by TRANSCEND University Press. His book, Transcend and Transform, was translated to 25 languages. He has published more than 1,700 articles and book chapters and over 500 Editorials for TRANSCEND Media Service.

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Uprising and the End of the U.S. Empire
Johan Galtung | Free Speech TV/Alternate Focus – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Feb 2021

Excerpts from a Lecture in Santa Cruz, California in Feb 2011 by Father of Peace Studies and Mediator Prof. Johan Galtung

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(norsk – Norwegian) Hva slags verden er vi på vei inn i?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 9 Nov 2020

Jeg vet ikke. Men jeg tror jeg vet noe … I det minste tenker jeg på det, derfor vet jeg trolig noe…

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A Structural Theory of Imperialism
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 9 Nov 2020

This theory takes as its point of departure two of the most glaring facts about this world: the tremendous inequality, within and between nations, in almost all aspects of human living conditions, including the power to decide over those living conditions; AND the resistance of this inequality to change. The world consists of Center and Periphery nations; and each nation, in turn, has its centers and periphery.

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The Habit of Passion
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Nov 2020

From the TMS editor: Johan Galtung, my mentor, friend, well-wisher, guide, a great inspirer, just turned 90 years old; he is semi-retired now. I present a text he wrote some time ago and I found in my archives; practical wisdom, optimism, proaction, higher thinking. With my deepest respect and gratitude to Johan for our friendship of 35-years–of uninterrupted learning from my part. — Antonio C. S. Rosa

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After the Fall… What?
EnvisionPeaceMuseum | Johan Galtung & Amy Goodman – TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Oct 2020

Fascism or Blossoming after the Fall of the US Empire?
10 Jul 2012 – Prognosis/Prediction

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On the Coming Decline and Fall of the US Empire
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 19 Oct 2020

[Paper written in 2015] -> Empires have different profiles. The US Empire has a complete configuration, articulated in a statement by a Pentagon planner: “The de facto role of the United States Armed Forces will be to keep the world safe for our economy and open to our cultural assault. To those ends, we will do a fair amount of killing”. In other words, direct violence to protect structural violence legitimized by cultural violence.

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Shared Security–How?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Oct 2020

Shared” has a good touch to it, something we have in common. Actually often referred to as “common security”. Same thing. “Security” has a military touch to it, not necessarily bad, but since the military is often used for attack in the name of security, their own, not shared, there is certainly a “how?” to be answered.

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(Italiano) L’ottagono: rango, squilibrio, discordanza e teoria bellica
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 28 Sep 2020

Gli USA risultano il paese più inguaiato, e quindi molto attivo in tentativi di riequilibrio. Poi viene l’UE, in breve l’Occidente, seguito da India e Russia. Al minimo, il meno preoccupati in tal senso, sono Cina e LatinAmerica, alquanto equilibrate, seppur una a livello superiore, l’altra inferiore. Supporremmo che entrambe continueranno a salire in tutte le dimensioni, facendosi sentire, ma meno rumorosamente che l’Occidente, Russia e India.

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(Italiano) In quale mondo stiamo per entrare?
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 21 Sep 2020

Abbiamo il privilegio di vivere in un periodo storico molto stimolante, con l’addio agli stati-nazione e l’accoglienza alle regioni-civiltà. E poi sempre con la possibilità di riscoprire, o ricreare, una realtà di “piccolo è bello”, indipendentemente da quanto “grosso è necessario” possa emergere. Emozionante!

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(Norsk-Norwegian) Trosforhold, religioner og fred
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 21 Sep 2020

Nedenfor følger en tabell med 15 trosretninger organisert fra mono- via poly- til pan-ateisme. Tabellens fokus er konkrete følger av ulike trosretninger for dagens verden.

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What World Are We Moving Into?
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 14 Sep 2020

We have the privilege of living in a very exciting period in history, saying farewell to nation-states and welcoming civilization-regions.  And then always with the possibility of rediscovering, or recreating, a reality of “small is beautiful”, regardless of how much “big is necessary” may be emerging.  Exciting!

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TRANSCEND International and the Right Livelihood Foundation Mourn the Passing of 1981 Laureate Mike Cooley (1934 – 4 Sep 2020)
Johan Galtung and Right Livelihood Foundation – TRANSCEND Media Service, 14 Sep 2020

“Dear Mike Cooley–you may no longer be living among us, but you will never leave our minds.  You may pass away to some other world, but will keep on living among us as one whose thoughts and dreams, words and actions, are indelible.  Thank you, dear Mike.
With Peace and Love,  Johan Galtung
TRANSCEND International”

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The Octagon: Rank, Disequilibrium, Discordance and War Theory
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 Sep 2020

USA comes out as the most troubled country, hence very active in equilibrating efforts. Then comes EU, in short the West, followed by India and Russia. Lowest, least worried in this sense, are China and Latin America, quite balanced, one at a higher, the than other at a lower level. We would assume that they will both continue climbing on all dimensions, making themselves heard, but less noisily than the West, Russia and India. Africa is in-between.

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(Italiano) Educazione alla pace e geopolitica
Johan Galtung | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 13 Jul 2020

L’educazione-prassi-teoria di pace è compatibile con la mentalità militare – comunque definita, e ci sono molte culture militari al mondo – o no? Seconda Gran Questione: la pace è compatibile con le civiltà?

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(Norwegian-Norsk) Trosforhold, religioner og fred
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Jul 2020

Johan Galtung har i årtier studert hvordan trosforhold og religioner påvirker menneskets tilværelse. Galtungs skille mellom ”harde” og ”myke” varianter av trosretninger og religioner kan bidra til innsikt: Noen retninger bidrar til positiv fred, andre til fysisk og psykisk vold.

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Education for Peace and Geopolitics
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Jul 2020

Is peace theory-practice-education compatible with the military mind–however defined, and there are many military cultures in the world–or not? Second Big Question: is peace compatible with the civilizations?

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On the Dialectic between Social Processes and Health/Illness Processes
Johan Galtung - TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jun 2020

From TMS Editor: An editorial from Johan Galtung a bit longer and older but with contemporary relevance. From the context of the 1980’s HIV-AIDS pandemic, Galtung offers unique insights into the hurdles and challenges humanity faces today with COVID-19.

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Foreign Correspondence 50 Years Later: A Preface
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Mar 2020

How do events become news? There are enormities of events happening, at any point of observation, by professional journalists, foreign correspondents or not: how come that some are elevated to the level of news? What is news anyhow? Why this predilection for negative news, something bad–to somebody–happening? Why, but then also why not?

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The Doctrine of Just War: Just That, War! (Or more War than Just)
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 10 Feb 2020

War as an institution to resolve conflict is an abomination, like slavery and colonialism as institutions. Occasional war, slavery and colonialism are probably hard to eliminate. But the key word is institution, legitimized by social norms and mores. A doctrine of just war is designed to do exactly that, offer a legitimation, for instance by seeing the evil of war as something that can be outweighed by possible positive consequences.

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Faiths, Religions and Peace
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Feb 2020

A cruel choice between a transcendent, fundamentalist God claiming universal validity as the only one, and immanent gods-as-substance, dwelling in all, extending to other groups?  Evidently, the soft side must be strengthened.  The problem is, how? By conscious dialogue, within, not only between the religions.

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On Curves, Their Interrelations, and History
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 Jan 2020

This essay is focused on concrete curves, and on concrete actors like USA, EU, Russia, China. And on interrelations of several curves.

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Peace Studies: Inspiration, Objectives, Achievement
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Dec 2019

Peace appeals to the heart; studies to the brain. Both are needed, indeed indispensable. But equally indispensable is a valid link between brain and heart. And that, in a nutshell, is what peace studies and peace practice are all about.

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United States vs Moby Dick
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Nov 2019

A national epos communicates a national ethos. What is the national US ethos communicated by Herman Melville? Man against Nature is one. Man, humans we would say today, is destined to fight Nature. And destined ultimately to win even if by paying heavy prices.

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In Memoriam: Dietrich ‘Dieter’ Fischer (22 Sep 1941 – 18 Oct 2015)
Prof. Johan Galtung | Founder – TRANSCEND Network of Peace Practitioners, 28 Oct 2019

My dear friend, co-founder of TRANSCEND, let us celebrate your life while deploring that you are no longer among us, in deep gratitude for all you did to inspire and help–and for peace in general.

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Professionalization in Peace Research
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 7 Oct 2019

The purpose of peace research is to produce intersubjectively communicable and verifiable knowledge according to the general rules of research. Thus, research is incompatible with secrecy, as it has to take place in public space. And one purpose of peace studies is the communication of the findings of peace research, in line with general rules for education, another public space activity.

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Peace as a Profession and New Peace Action Roles
Johan Galtung | PRIO Peace Research Institute Oslo – TRANSCEND Media Service, 9 Sep 2019

1974 – Today we see relatively clearly that there are liberal and Marxist conceptions of peace, and perhaps we also see more clearly than before that «liberalism vs. Marxism» is a false dichotomy—although we still live under the pressure of the false dichotomies, and particularly in the thinking about peace. Hence, this essay is an effort to try to indicate, at a very simple, common sense level, that both views are fruitful in conceiving of new forms of peace action, and that they in a sense reinforce each other.

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The Year 2050: A Predic-scription
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 9 Sep 2019

An important year, being one generation of 30 years ahead of us; neither too close, nor too far into the future, for predictions and prescriptions about The Year 2050 to be realistic–within the range of the probable for predictions and the feasible for prescriptions.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 5 Aug 2019

The United States in America is a rolling agenda. Dark comes up, women come up, dark women come up–and that is more than the sum of the two. Some US citizens travel the world searching for “the old US” may find the US culture at its best outside the US, as the US Way of Life; liberated from the concerns and the violence of making the US also prevail militarily, economically and politically over all others.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jul 2019

Transcending Transcend: A New Phase – 1 July 2019: an iconic date. The second half of a calendar year, right after an equinox announcing the second half of the solar year. Time to take stock. And to ‘go beyond, transcend’ to something new. Leaving the old behind? No, taking the old with us into the new.

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Is Peaceful Research Possible? On the Methodology of Peace Research
Prof. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 1 Jul 2019

The problem to be explored in this paper can be stated very briefly as follows: is peace research necessarily a peaceful activity? More precisely, is there a meaningful distinction between violent and nonviolent methodologies in peace research? And if there is such a distinction, we are immediately led onto more questions: could it be that some methodologies very frequently employed in fact are highly violent?; what would alternative, nonviolent methodologies be like? – and the final, in a sense most fundamental question: does peace research have to be pursued with nonviolent, peaceful methodologies?

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The End of the Western Development Model?
Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 17 Jun 2019

World Peace Academy, Basel, 7 May 2012 – Introduction by late Prof. Dietrich Fisher

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(Italiano) Frattanto, nel mondo
Johan Galtung e Antonio C. S. Rosa | Centro Studi Sereno Regis – TRANSCEND Media Service, 10 Jun 2019

In effetti, sembriamo essere giunti al punto di essere noi stessi i nostri peggiori nemici, come maggior causa di morte e di ferimento da violenza e guerra. Eppure ci riferiamo a noi stessi come “intelligenti”, in cerca ovunque di qualcosa altrettanto “intelligente”.

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung and Antonio C. S. Rosa – TRANSCEND Media Service, 3 Jun 2019

In fact, we seem to have come to the point that we ourselves, as the major cause of death and being wounded through violence and war, are our own worst enemies. And yet we refer to ourselves as being “intelligent”, searching all over for something equally “intelligent”.

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Transition from a Unipolar to a Multipolar Octagonal World
Johan Galtung | World Public Forum, Dialogue of Civilizations – TRANSCEND Media Service, 27 May 2019

Johan Galtung, a professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of TRANSCEND International and rector of TRANSCEND Peace University. He was awarded among others the 1987 Right Livelihood Award, known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. Galtung has mediated in over 150 conflicts in more than 150 countries, and written more than 170 books on peace and related issues, 96 as the sole author. More than 40 have been translated to other languages. He has published more than 1700 articles and book chapters and over 500 Editorials for TRANSCEND Media Service.

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The Cocoyoc Declaration
Johan Galtung, et al. – TRANSCEND Media Service, 20 May 2019

October 8-12, 1974 a symposium on “Patterns of Resource Use, Environment and Development Strategies” was convened in Cocoyoc, Mexico by the directors of UN Environment Programme and the UN Conference on Trade and Development. The Rapporteurs were Barbara Ward and Johan Galtung. The Cocoyoc Declaration is reproduced below, with certain sadness: it is as valid today, more than 40 years later. The two directors received a three-feet-long cable, from the US State Department, rejecting the declaration entirely. Signed by Henry Kissinger.

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A World without Walls
Johan Galtung | Academy for Cultural Diplomacy – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 May 2019

Berlin, Nov 2010 – International Conference on Peacebuilding, Reconciliation and Globalization in an Interdependent World

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Meanwhile, Around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 6 May 2019

What more is needed, beyond “dialogue of civilizations”? Like for man-woman: creating something new. A real dialogue goes beyond getting to know each other to mutual learning, beyond mutual learning to mutual visions, and beyond that to mutual practice.

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Meanwhile, Around the World: An Overview
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 2 Apr 2019

What is needed is a system where negative, violent relations are changing to neutral or no relations, where neutral or no relations are changing to positive, peaceful relations, and where positive, peaceful relations become even more peaceful and positive. The Octagon World might be one such system. But for this to work, the state system is not sufficient.

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Anti Reuter
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Mar 2019

The task of journalists is to mirror reality, empirical reality, not some potential reality desired by some and-or predicted by some. It is not to mediate to change empirical reality in favor a new social reality. The task of journalists mirroring reality would include information about communities handling successfully natural and-or social disasters and how; not only all those that did not.

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Meanwhile, around the World
Johan Galtung – TRANSCEND Media Service, 4 Feb 2019

My Syria is profoundly Muslim, run by the imams. And my Syria is profoundly Ottoman; 400 years with tolerance for the other religions of the kitab, and for non-Arabic minorities. Wanting to learn “what Syria is about today” I want them to tell me directly; not indirectly, in writing or orally, via “experts”. So, going to Syria, what touched my senses?

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